Posts Tagged ‘108 divya desam’

On my recent visit to temples around Kumbakonam and Trichy, I was fortunate enough to visit this temple. I was on my bike and set out from Srirangam for Thirupainjeli. I missed a left turn and realised it too late. On enquiry I came to know that Thiruvellarai was just a couple of kilometres away. Just the previous day my friend had told me about this Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai. I had decided to visit it only if time permits an was low on priority. Luckily I missed that left turn to Thirupainjeli. The temple entrance is astonishingly huge and beautiful. There isn’t too many people visiting the temple and hence the atmosphere inside the temple is very calm. This sprawling temple has very tall compound walls to match its vastness. I could not spend as much time as I would have liked to. I would love to visit this temple again. You too would, if you visit it once.

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai

Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai

Thiruvellarai near Trichy is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This temple which is even older than the Srirangam temple is considered to be the oldest among the Vaishnavite temples of the South. It is believed that this temple was built by Sibhi Chakravarthy, a forefather of Lord Rama seven generations before Him. It is believed that 64 Chaturyugas has passed since this temple was first consecrated. For your understanding, each Chaturyuga cycle comprises of four Yugas namely, Satya Yuga for 1728000 years, Treta Yuga for 1296000 years, Dwapara Yuga for 864000 years and Kali Yuga for 432000 years. Thus one Chaturyuga cycle which comprises of the four Yugas has 4320000 years. This is divided between the four Yugas in the ratio 4:3:2:1, in their chronological order.

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai

Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai, View of the gopuram from inside

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai

Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai

The main Deity is Pundarikaasha Perumal who is in a standing position facing East. His Consort is Shenbagavalli Thayar also known as Periya Pirattiyar Lakshmi Devi, has a separate sannadhi. The Utsavar Thayar is known as Pangajavalli. In the Mulavar sannadhi the deities present are Pundarikakshan, Bhoomi Piratti, Periya piratti, Suriya and Chandiran and Aadisheshan. There are also shrines for Lord Krishna, Vishwaksenar, Manavala Muni, Ramanujar apart from Nammazhwar, Chakarathazhwar, Nadhamunigal, Kulasekara Azhwar, Thondarippodi Azhwar and Andal.

As in Nachiyal Koil at Thirunaraiyur near Kumbakonam and Andal in Srivilliputhur, Thayar is given the first honour. The Palanquin carrying Thayar is brought first on festivals. She is given the precedence in other rituals too at this temple.

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai, Worship Procedure in Tamil

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai, Worship Procedure in Tamil

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai, About the temple in Tamil

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai, About the temple in Tamil

Here is the etymology of the name Thiruvellarai. Thiru is holy, Vellai is white and arai is rock in tamil. Since this temple was built on a small white hillock, this place is known as Thiruvellarai. The Sanskrit name for this place is Shwethagiri, shwetha means white and giri means hill/hillock.

According to the legends Garudan, Markandeya and Lakshmi worshipped the Lord here. Markandeya who was save by Lord Shiva from Yama, the Lord of death, at Thirukkadaiyur was guided to Thiruvellarai when he prayed to Lord Shiva for Moksham. Here he had the darshan of Lord Vishnu and also attained moksham.

According to a legend, Sibhi Chakravarthy – Lord Rama’s forefather was passing through this place on his way to wage a war over the Asura King Ravana. As his army neared Thiruvellarai, a white boar was continually obstructing them. An angry Sibhi Chakravarthy chased the white boar which disappeared into a ant hill. Markandeya was in a penance nearby and sibhi Chakravarthy told him about his chase of the white boar. Markandeya asked Sibhi to perform abhishegam to the ant hill as the white boar was none other than Lord Vishnu Himself. Accordingly, the king performed the abhishegam. Lord Vishnu immediately appeared to both of them and blessed them. He also asked Sibhi Chakravarthy not to go in pursuit of Ravana as he was destined to die only at the hands of the Lord Himself. Lord Vishnu told him that Ravana would be killed by Him in his later Avatar as Lord Rama. He also asked Sibhi Chakravarthy to build a temple here and said that Thayar should be given prominence here as it was Her wish. Hence this place is also known as Shwetha Varaha Kshetram. It is said that Sibhi Chakravarthi brought about 3700 Vaishnavite families from his kingdom to build the temple here. Over a period of time many of these families left for places all over south, including Karnataka, and took up the responsibilities of performing daily pujas at various temples. It is said that all the temple priests of the Vaishnavite temples of South India have their roots in Thiruvellarai. It is no wonder that this place is considered very sacred. It is said that one must visit Thiruvellarai at least once in his lifetime and have a darshan of the Lord here. “Thiruvellarai Kandeero, Kandaen Ayya”

The childless are blessed with progeny by bathing in the temple tanks here and then praying to him here. All wishes are fulfilled if it submitted to the Lord by applying turmeric at the Balipeetam.

There is a Swastik shaped tank behind this temple. This is also known as Mamiyar Mattupen theertham (Mamiyar is mother-in-law and mattupen is daughter-in-law). The shape of the Swatik Kulam facilitates some sort of privacy. If one is bathing in any one of the segments of the Swastik then they cannot be seen from elsewhere. The Swastik Tank is an ASI monument.

Swastik Tank. Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai.

Swastik Tank. Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai.

There are some more interesting facts that I was not aware of during my visit. Here they are

  1. There are 18 steps at the entrance of the temple signifying the 18 chapters of the Bhagwat Gita.
  2. Just before the Bali Peetam there are four steps signifying the four Vedas.
  3. There are five steps leading the Sanctum Sanctorum of Perumal. These five steps signify the Pancha Boothas or the five natural elements namely, Fire, Water, Space, Earth and Air.
  4. There are two gates near the Perumal sannadhi which are used alternately during the Dakshinaayana (period between the Winter Solstice and Summer Solstice) and the Uttaraayana(period between Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice)
  5. You have to climb a further 8 steps which signfy the Ashtaaksharam.
  6. Thereafter there are 24 steps that signify the Gayatri Mantram which comprises of 24 syllables.

You can read about this temple in greater detail at Mr. Raju’s blog here.

Location of Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai:

Thiruvellarai is located about 20 kms from Tituchirapalli towards Thuraiyur. As you come North from Srirangam/Thiruvanaikaval take a left turn at Toll Gate. After you cross Bitchandar Kovil, a right turn will take you to Mannachanallur. At Mannachanallur take the road towards Thuraiyur. Thiruvellarai is about 7 kms from there. A left turn at Mannachanallur would take you to Thirupainjeli which is approximately 7.5 kms away.

Other Temples near Pundarikaasha Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai :

Thiruvanaikaval

Uthamar Kovil

Thirupainjeli

Srirangam

Samayapuram Mariamman temple

Tirupattur Brahmapureeswarar temple

Temple Address:

Sri Pundarikaashan Temple,

Thiruvellarai 621 009.

Trichy District

Temple Phone Numbers: +91- 431-256 2243, +91-93451-18817

Temple Timings: 7 AM to 1 PM & 3.30 PM to 8.30 PM

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai. Puja timings in Tamil

Pundarikaashan Temple at Thiruvellarai. Puja timings in Tamil

Enhanced by Zemanta

Thirupernagar is the old name for Koviladi. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi is one of the 108 Divya Desams.

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

It is one of the Pancha Rangams and ranks next to Adirangam at Srirangapattinam near Mysore, which is the first of the Pancha Rangams. The Pancharangams in order are

Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple at Srirangapattinam, near Mysore

Sri Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi near Trichy

Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple at Srirangam

Sarangapani Temple at Kumbakonam

Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple at Indalur, Mayiladuthurai

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

These five Ranganathan temples are situated on the banks of Cauvery. Koviladi, like Srirangam is situated between the rivers Kollidam (Coleroon) and Cauvery. Note that this temple ranks ahead of Srirangam and is said to be in existence even before Srirangam. Kovil means temple and Adi means old or first and hence the Koviladi. The Moolavar is Appakudathan and the Urchavar is Appala Ranganathar. His Consort (Thayar) is known by the names Indira Devi and Kamalavalli. The sthala vriksham is Purasa tree or Vilva maram. The holy water or theertham is Indira Pushkarni or Mrityu Vinasini Theertham. Periazhwar, Tirumazhisai Azhwar and Tirumangai Azhwar have sung in praise of the Lord here.

Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

Exquisite wooden carvings, Temple Chariot. Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi

The Legend connected to the temple goes thus. Upamanyu or Ubharisaravasu was a pious king and was once in deep meditation. At that time, Sage Durvasa known for his short temper and ego was passing by. Since the King was in meditation he did not take notice of the Sage. The Sage felt insulted and cursed the King to lose all his powers. The King immediately asked for his forgiveness and the Sage asked him to go to Thirupernagar which was then called Palasavanam because it was richly populated with Palasa maram, and feed one lakh people there. The King accordingly shifted his base to Thirupernagar and started the annadanam. One fine day, the Lord decided to test the resoluteness of the King, He appeared there as an old Brahmin and consumed all the food that was prepared for the day. However, the King remained calm and asked the old man reverently if he wanted anything else. The Lord who was in guise of the old man replied that He wanted at pot full of appam (a sweet preparation). The King organised the same at the earliest possible time and gave it to the old man. As soon as the Lord received the Kudam (pot) full of appam, the King was absolved of his curse and the Lord gave the King His darshan. Since the Lord asked the King for a kudam (pot) of appam, He is known as Appakudathan. The Lord can be seen holding on to a pot with His right hand in this temple. Appam is the offering made to the Lord at this temple.

Sage Markandeya was saved from death by Lord Shiva at Thirukadaiyur. His fear of death however remained and haunted him. Lord is said to have driven out the fear of death from Sage Markandeya at Koviladi. The theertham here is therefore known as Mrityu Vinasini theertham.

This temple is believed to be built more than a 1000 years ago and has inscriptions attributed to Chola, Pallava, Pandya and Vijayanagara dynasties. This goes to suggest that the temple has been built and rebuilt over various times.

Ther thiruvizha or the car festival on the Uthiram star day of the Tamil month of Panguni, Vaikunda Ekadasi around December/January, the Uriadi festivals are the important festivals in this temple.

Worship benefit at Appakudathan Temple, Koviladi includes progeny, absolution of sins, removal of all obstacles in attaining your desires, relief from malefic effects of adverse planetary positions, and development of a pleasant and humble personality.

Temple Location: Koviladi is located on the Thiruvaiyar Kallanai Road. It is about 9 Kms from Thirukattupalli, 7.5 kms from Grand Anicut or Kallanai, about 24 Kms from Srirangam and about 35 Kms from Tanjore. Grand Anicut is a very scenic spot where you can plan to spend some time if you are going to this temple as you have to pass through it if you are going from Trichy/Srirangam. Grand Anicut is one of the engineering marvels and is probably one of the oldest dams in the world built by Karikala Cholan around the First Century AD. This whole stretch between Kallanai and Thiruvaiyar is really beautiful and enjoy riding on this stretch a lot. The lush green fields on either side of the road is very scenic. This stretch is very fertile land as it lies between the two rivers Cauvery and Kollidam. Anyone will fall in love with this stretch.

Other temples nearby:

Agneeswarar Koil, Thirukattupalli

Thiruvaneswarar Temple, Ranganathapuram

Erumbeeswarar Temple in Thiruverumbur

Jambukeswarar Kovil at Thiruvanaikaval

Karumbeswarar Kovil at Thirukkanur

Temple Timings : 8.30 a.m. and 12.00 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. and 8.00 p.m

Temple Address:

Sri Appakudathan Temple,

Koviladi – 613 105,

Thanjavur district

Phone Numbers: +91- 4362 – 281 488, 281 460, 281 304

Enhanced by Zemanta

Jagannatha Perumal Temple at Nandhipura Vinnagaram is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This temple is more commonly known as Nathan Koil. As this temple resembles the Puri Jagannatha temple, it is also known as “Dakshina Jagannatham”. This place was once a forest of Shenbagam flowers and hence is known as Shenbagaranyam, meaning forest of Shenbagam. The moolavar or main deity of this temple is Srinivasan or Nathanathan.The utsavar (the deity taken out in processions) is known as Vinnagara Perumal or Jagannatha Perumal. His consort is Shenbagavalli Thayar. The Lord is present in a sitting posture, with sword, bow, chakram (discus), sangu (conch) and Dandam (stick) in his hand, under the Mandara Vimanam facing west. The holy water is Nandhi Theertham. This village was established by Chola King Nandhivarman. He also built this temple here.

Jagannatha Perumal Koil, Nandipura Vinnagaram

Jagannatha Perumal Koil, Nandipura Vinnagaram

Nandi – Lord Shiva’s vehicle – is associated with the legend connected to this temple. Nandi once wanted to have the darshan of Lord Vishnu and proceeded to Vaikuntam. At the entrance, he was stopped by the dwarapalakas (sentries) of Vishnu. An arrogant Nandhi tried to force his way in, because of which the dwarapalakas cursed him. As advised by Lord Shiva, Nandi went to Shenbagaranyam near Kudamuku (Kumbakonam) and performed penance to Lord Vishnu. The Lord appeared before him and absolved him of the sin. This is the reason for the place being called Nandhipura Vinnagaram. A niche of Nandi is seen on the outer wall of this temple.

The Lord here was originally facing east. Sibi Chakravarthy’s story is attributed to the reason for the Lord facing west. Sibi Chakravarthy was a righteous King who was known for his truthful and just ways. Once, Dharmaraja decided to test him. A pigeon that was being chased by an Eagle came to the King seeking asylum. The King promised to protect the pigeon. The Eagle that soon came there wanted the pigeon to satisfy his hunger. The King was faced with a dilemma because he had to save the life of the pigeon that had sought protection. At the same time, he could not deny the eagle of its right and let it stave. He offered his own flesh equivalent to the weight of the pigeon in lieu of the pigeon’s life. The eagle agreed. Any amount of flesh from his body would not suffice to equal the weight of the pigeon. The King finally offered his whole body to the eagle. Dharmaraja who was in the form of the eagle and Indran who was in the form of the pigeon were pleased with the King’s commitment to protect the weak. The Lord at Nathan Koil is supposed to have turned towards West to witness this event.

There is also yet another reason attributed to the Lord facing west. There was a misunderstanding between Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi because of which they were separated. Lakshmi wanted to win back a place in the Lord’s heart and was performing penance at Shenbaranyam facing east. Pleased with Her devotion the Lord gave her darshan. Since He was already facing East, He had to turn towards west for gicing Her the darshan. This happened on Ashtami (8th day from New moon or full moon) of Shuklapaksham (waxing period of the moon, period from new moon to full moon), which was a friday in the tamil month of Aipasi. Since the Lord and His consort were reunited at this place, praying at this temple can ease tensions in marital life. Praying here will reunite one with his/her separated spouse.

Sri Sooktha Homam is performed here on the shuklapaksha ashtami days. Performing this homam on eight consecutive shuklapaksha ashtamis will result in the devotee being blessed with prosperity, fulfillment of desires and overall happiness.

Nathan Koil is one of the Vaishnava Navagraha sthalams around Kumbakonam. It is associated with Chandran. Chandra dosha parihara pujas are performed at this temple on Mondays.

Location:

Click here for the map

Nandhipura Vinnagaram is about 9 kms from Kumbakonam. It is in the Keezha Pazhayarai area, which was the ancient capital of the Cholas. Patteswaram famous for it Durga temple is just about 3 Kms from here. This is a remote village. The buses to this place are not very frequent. Take a bus from Kumbakonam that goes towards Udalayur. Alight at Keezha Pazhayarai and the temple is about a kilometre from there.

Other temples nearby:

Patteeswaram Durga Temple or Dhenupureeswarar Temple.

Sakthivaneswarar Temple – Thiru Sakthi Mutram

Sargunalingeswarar Temple – Marudhanallur

Karuvalarkum Nayaki Temple, Karuvalarcheri

Airavatheeswara Temple, Darasuram.

Somanathar Temple, Pazhayarai.

Temple Timings:

6.30 am- 12noon and 4pm-8pm

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Jagannatha Perumal Koil,

Nathankoil,.

Pambai Padayur P.O.  – 612 703.

Tanjore District,

Tamil Nadu.

Phone : 91-435-2417575

Temple Priest: Sri Prabhakara Bhattacharya

Mobile : 91-98430-95904 / 91-94437-71400


Related Articles

Thiru Adhanur near Kumbakonam is one of the 108 Divya Desams.dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Andalakkun ayyan temple here is one of the Vaishnava navagraha parihara sthalams around Kumbakonam. It is a Guru parihara sthalam. The main deity in this temple is Andalakkumayyan. He is present here facing East in Kidantha Kolam and Bujanga sayanam. He has been worshipped here by Brighu Maharishi, Kamadhenu, thirumangai Azhwar and Agni. His consort here is Ranganayaki Thayar also known as Kamalasini.The utsavar is Ranganathar. Adi pooram, Brahmotsavam in Vaikasi and Pavitrotsavam in Avani are some of the important festivals in this temple.

Andalakkum Ayyan Temple,  Thiru Adhanur

Andalakkum Ayyan Temple, Thiru Adhanur

The devas due to a curse lost all their strength, wealth & power. Soon, Asuras defeated the Devas and took control of the world. Indran then appealed to Brahma and Brahma said that he can regain all that he has lost by churning the celestial ocean to obtain Amrutham or the holy nectar.  Since this was an arduous task and could not be accomplished by the Devas, Vishnu suggested them to take the Asuras into confidence and enlist their participation also in this task.  Asuras agreed to the same on the condition that they would be also be given a portion of the Amrutham.

The Ocean was churned by using Mount Mandara as the pole and Vasuki – the king of serpents – as the rope.  The Devas held the tail end and the Asuras held the other end and started the churning.  However the Mount mandara started to sink and Vishnu in the avatar (incarnation) of Koorma or tortoise balanced the Mount Mandara on his back and prevented it from sinking.  As the Ocean was being churned, Vasuki started spitting deadly poison known as Ala kala Visham.  This poison was so deadly that it could destroy the whole world.  Shiva came to the rescue by consuming the poison.  Paarvati then held His throat and stopped the poison there.  Shiva’s throat became blue due to the poison and since then He has also been known as Neelakantan; Neela, meaning blue and kanta, meaning throat.

These hurdles they were facing, was worrying the Devas. Sage Narada told them that they were facing these obstacles because they had not prayed to Lord Vinayaka before they started the churning.  Lord Vinayaka must always be invoked before starting a new venture.  Hurriedly, the Devas and the Asuras made a small vigraham or idol of Vinayakar using the froth from the ocean.  They prayed to Vinayakar and resumed the churning.  Now they did not face any hurdle. This is the Vinayakar that is installed at Thiruvalanchuzhi.

Dhanvanthari then appeared from the Ocean with the Armrutham. With the help of Vishnu, the Devas consumed the same.  The Asuras were denied their share as they were tricked by Vishnu, who in His avatar as Mohini, undertook the task of distributing the Amrutham amongst the Devas and the Asuras.  Thus Indran got back his power and wealth.

Kamadhenu was one of the several precious treasures that surfaced during the churning of the Celestial Ocean. Kamadhenu is a cow that has powers to fulfill the desires of her owner. Kamadhenu was an ardent devotee of Vishnu and wanted to have darshan of the Lord. After visiting several temples, her wish was finally fulfilled here at Thiru Adhanur. Aa in Tamil means cow and hence the name Adhanur. An idol of Kamadhenu is in the Garbagraham. There are also idols of Brighu maharishi and Agni. Agni, who had tried to help Lord Shiva get rid of his brahmahathi dosham had himself contracted the dosham and did penance here at Thiru Adhanur to get absolved of the brahmahathi dosham. Read my posts on Thirupattur Brahmapureeswarar, Bithchandar Koil and Thirukandiyur to know how Lord Shiva contracted Brahmathi Dosham.

Another version is that Indran was absolved of his sin when Mahalakshmi, who had incarnated as Brighu Maharishi’s daughter married Lord Vishnu and gave darshan to Indran at Thiru Adhanur.

Another interesting story is about Thirumangai Azhwar’s experience at this place. Thiumangai Azhwar had undertaken the task of constructing the wall of the Srirangam temple and was on a trip to mobilize funds. At Thriu Adhanur, he met a person who claimed to be a messenger of the Lord. This stranger had a measuring bowl (marakkal) in his hand. He said that by reciting the name of the Lord and holding the empty measuring bowl he could get whatever he desired. Thirumangai Azhwar requested for payment of the wages for the labourers at Thiru Adhanur. The stranger laid a condition that he would measure sand with the empty measuring bowl and pay as wages. The sand would turn into gold for the sincere workers and for the others it would remain as sand. When the sand was measured and given to the labourers many of them found that it did not turn into gold and remained as sand. Thirumangai Azhwar was intrigued and started going after the stranger who had by now left the place. He soon found this man in the temple and was pleasantly surprised that it was the Lord himself who had come in guise of the stranger. The Lord gave him darshan with the marakkal (measuring bowl) in His right hand and an ezhuthani and olai (pen and palm leaf used as writing pad) in His left hand.

Location:

Click here for the map

Thiru Adhanur is just about a kilometer from another Divya Desam, Thirupullaboothangudi. It is 11 kms from Kumbakonam and 5.5 Kms from Swami Malai. There are buses that ply every half an hour from Swami Malai and Kumbakonam to Thiru Adhanur.

Other Temples nearby:

Thirupullamboothankudi

Swami Malai

Thiruvalanchuzhi

Kapisthalam Gajendra Varadhar Temple

Travel Base:

Kumbakonam

Temple timings: 7.30 AM to 12.30 PM & 5.30 PM to 8.30 PM

Temple Address:

Thiru Adhanur Divya Desam

Via Pullam Boothankudi, Papanasam taluk

612 301

Phone: 0435-2441025

Temple Priest:
Sri. Seshadri Bhattachariar

Thiruvelliangudi near Kumbakonam is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This place is very important for the vaishnavites and visiting Thiruvelliangudi Divya Desam is equivalent to visiting all the 108 Divya Desams. The Moolavar, Kolavilli Raman is present in a reclined posture and facing east. His Consort is Maragathavalli Thayar. The holy waters here are Sukra theertham, Brahma theertham, Parasurama theertham and Indra Theertham. This temple is believed to be four Eras (Yugas) old. In the Krita Yuga this place was known as Brahma Puthiram, Prasuram in the Treta Yuga, Chandra Nagara in the Dwapara Yuga and Bhargava Puram in the Kali Yuga. This temple is one of the Vaishnavite Navagraha Parihara sthalams around Kumbakonam. This is the Parahira sthalam for Sukran or Venus. Bhargava is another name of Sukran and hence the name Bhargavapuram. Sukran is known as Velli in Tamil and hence the name Velliangudi. But how is Sukran connected to this temple. The story goes thus.

 

Thiruvelliangudi Ramar Temple

Thiruvelliangudi Ramar Temple

Mahabali, the grandson of Prahalada was a righteous and generous demon king. He was respected by his subjects who were all happy under his rule, as there was no crime, poverty or diseases. He is believed to have ruled the present day Kerala. He became ambitious and was on a mission to conquer the whole world. He defeated Indra and captured the Deva Lokam. Indran approached Lord Vishnu and sought His help. Lord Vishnu took the Vaman Avatar and came down to the Earth. Now, Mahabali was a staunch devotee of Vishnu and was very generous. Like Karna of Mahabharatha, if someone asked him for something, he would always give. Mahabali had the habit of fulfilling the needs of a few Brahmins after his morning prayers. That fateful day, Vishnu as Vamana was amongst the Brahmins present. He asked Mahabali for 3 steps of land. Sukracharya, the Asura Guru, tried to dissuade Mahabali from granting the boon. Sukracharya did his best to stop the boon being granted. He took the form of a bee and blocked the mouth of the Kamandalam (a type of Jug, usually carried by rishis) from which Mahabali would pour water to signify the grant of the boon.  Vishnu used a dharba to clear the blockage in the Kamandalam and in the process blinded Sukracharya in one eye.  Vamana then took the Vishwaroopam and covered the whole universe in two steps.  The 3rd step was placed on Mahabali. Thus Mahabali was vanquished. Vishnu was please with Mahabali’s righteousness and granted him the boon of visitng his people once every year. This is the day that is celebrated as Onam by the people of Kerala.

Meanwhile, Sukracharya who had lost his vision in one eye prayed at a lot of Vishnu temples and asked for forgiveness. It is believed that it was here that he was given back his sight. Sukracharya also wished to the Lord that He should make this place as His permanent abode and bless all devotees who visit this temple with good eyesight and cure all eye ailments. Visiting this temple is equivalent to visiting all the 108 Divya Desams as per Vishnu’s boon to Sukracharya. Vishnu also married Sukracharya’s daughter Maragathavalli as per his wishes.

This temple was then built by the Asura architect, Mayan. He decided to build the most beautiful temple ever. He wanted it to be better than the Vaikunta built by the Deva architect Vishvakarma.  Vishnu was pleased with Mayan and gave him a darshan as a bow and arrow wielding Rama with his consorts Sri Devi and Bhu Devi. Interestingly, at that point in time, Ramavatar was yet to happen. As per the request of Mayan, the Lord is present in the same form. A unique feature of this temple is the sight of Garudazhwar with Sangu and Chakram. Vishnu is believed to have given them to him, while giving the darshan to Mayan. This is the only Divya Desam where Garudazhvar is seen with four hands. Garudazhavar with four hands is seen as though he is awaiting instructions from the Lord and is ready to hand over the Sangu and Chakram to Him. Prayer at this temple will result in career growth and employment for the unemployed. There is an oil lamp in the garba graham called Netra Deepam which burns eternally.

Location of the Temple:

Click here for the location of the temple.

Thiruvelliayangudi is located at a distance of about 16 Kms from Kumbakonam. It is very close to Thirupanandal. Direct bus service to the village is not frequent. Route No. 2 from Kumbakonam via Anaikudi goes to this village. Hiring an auto from Thirupanandal or Suryanar Koil is the preferred option.


Other Temples Nearby:

Suryanar Koil

Thirumangalakudi

Thirupanandal

Kanjanoor

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base at Kumbakonam. There is nothing much available at this village except a petty shop.

Temple Timings:

8 AM to 12.30 PM & 5 PM to 7 PM

Temple address:

Sri Kolavilli Ramar Alayam,

Palakudi Post

Via Thirumangalakudi

Tanjore District

Thiruvelliangudi 612 102

Phone: 0435-2943152

Temple Priest: Sri. S Ramamurthy Battacharyar

Mobile: +91-9443396212, +91-9843470120

Valvil Ramar Kovil at Thiru Pullaboothangudi is one of the 108 Divya desams and one of the Vaishnava Navagraha Parihara kshetrams around Kumbakonam. The Moolavar is Valvilraman and the Utsavar is Raman at this temple. The thayar or the Lord’s consort at this temple is Hemambujavalli. The holy water is Jatayu theertham. The vimanam is Shobana Vimanam. He is facing East and present in Kidantha kolam or a lying posture.

Valvil Ramar Koil Thirupullaboothankudi

Valvil Ramar Koil Thirupullaboothankudi

The story of Jatayu Moksham is associated with this temple. When Rama was serving his time in the forest, Sita was abducted by Ravana. Jatayu, the King of Birds, saw this and immediately came to the rescue of Sita Devi. He fought a valiant but vain battle and sacrificed his life in the process. Rama and Lakshmana who came in search of Sita Devi saw Jatayu. Jatayu narrated the abduction of Sita Devi. A dying Jatayu requested Rama to perform his last rites. Normally, while performing such ceremonies the wife must be present with the husband. Since Sita Devi had been abducted, Boo Devi, another form of Sita Devi took her place and Rama performed the last rites of Jatayu. The same story is associated with another Divay Desam also, Thiru Putkuzhi which is 7 Kms from Kanchipuram on the Chennai Vellore route. As Jatayu belonged to Pul(tamil) family of birds and Rama rested (meaning kudi in Tamil) here after performing the last rites of Jatayu this place is known as Thiru Pullaboothankudi. Rama who could not perform the last rites of His father Dasaratha took solace from performing the last rites of Jatayu. The punnai tree inside the temple premises is believed to be the tree under which Rama rested.

Usually Rama is seen in a standing posture (Ninra Kolam) at all the temples. In this temple he is seen in a lying posture (Kidantha Kolam). Is this because he is believed to have rested here? Another interesting feature is that Rama is seen hold Sangu (Conch) and Chakram (discus), whereas He is usually seen holding bow and arrow.

This is the Budhan Parihara sthalam. This temple is considered to be a Pitru Kadan Nivarthi sthalam. Devotees believe that praying here will also remove marriage obstacle. Those looking for improvement in career or seeking employment can pray to Udyoga Narasimhar and Yoga Narasimhar at this temple for manifestation of their desires.

Location:


Click for the map

Thirupullamboothangudi is located at a distance of about 5.5 Kms from Swamimalai.

Other Temples Nearby:

Swaminatha Swamy Temple, Swamimalai

Andalakkum Aiyyan Temple, Thiru Adhanur

Vilvaneswarar Temple, Thiruvaikavur

Vellai Pillayar Temple, Thiruvalanchuzhi

Gajendra Varadhar Kovil, Kapisthalam

Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal Temple, Thirukoodalur

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your Travel Base at Kumbakonam which is around 12 Kms from here.

Temple Timings: 7.30 am to 12.00 pm & 4.30 pm to 07.30 pm

Temple Address :

Arulmigu Valvil Raman Thirukkovil
Thiruppullaboothangudi – 612301
Thanjavur District
Tamilnadu.
Priest: Shri Gopal Bhattar

Mobile: +91-94435 25365

Gajendra Varadhar Temple at Kapisthalam is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This ancient temple is believed to be more than 2000 years old. Lord Vishnu is present in Bujanga Sayana posture here. The holy water or theertham at this temple are Gajendra Pushkarni and Kapila theertham. There are separate shrines for Yoga Narasimhar, Sudharshana, Azhwars and Garudan. The moolavar, Gajendra Varadar is in bujanga sayana under the Kadhanakkruthi Vimanam. His Consort at this temple is Ramamani Thayar. She is also known as Shenbagavalli or Pottramarayal. She has a separate shrine to the right of the Lord’s shrine. Kapisthalam is one of the Pancha Krishna Kshethrams. The other four are, Thirukkannamangai, Thirukannapuram, Thirukovilur and Thirukannangudi.

 

Gajendra Varadhar Temple, Kapisthalam

Dwajasthambam

The legend of Gajendra Moksham from the Bhagawad Gita, is associated with this temple. Gajendra Moksham is believed to have happened at Kapisthalam. A Pandya King by name Indradyumnan was a staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu. Once, the Great Sage Agastya and his disciples came to visit this King. The King was in his prayers and hence could not attend to his guests immediately. Agastya felt insulted and was very angry. He cursed the King to become an elephant. After Indrayumnan apologized, Sage Agastya also pronounced that he will be absolved of his sins by the Divine Grace of Mahavishnu. Accordingly, the King was born as an elephant.

Around the same time, Huhu, a Gandharva, playfully pulled the leg of Sage Devala while he was bathing. The angry Sage cursed him to be born as a crocodile. The Gandharva apologized and as in the case with Indrayumna, the Sage said that he would attain Moksha by Lord Vishnu’s discus.

Indrayumnan who was reborn as the elephant was very strong and ruled over the forest. As in his previous birth, he continued to be a staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu. He used to go to a pond daily to pluck lotus and offer to the Lord. On the eventful day, Gajendra as usual went into the pond to fetch the flowers to offer to Mahavishnu. A short while after he got into the pond, Gajendra felt his leg being dragged from under the water. Gajendra tried to free himself but in vain. To his horror he found that a really huge crocodile had caught hold of his leg and was pulling him under water. However much he tried, Gajendra could not free himself from the vice-like grip of the crocodile. After a prolonged struggle and battle, Gajendra realized that it will be a futile effort. He then prayed to Lord Vishnu and surrendered to the Lord to save him. Lord Vishnu used His discus to cut off the head of the crocodile. Immediately, the crocodile turned into Huhu and Gajendra also attained Moksham. It is believed that those who fully surrender to the Lord just like Gajendra had done will be saved and protected by Him. He is known as Papa Vimochakan as He absolves His devotees of all their Sins.

The festival commemorating Gajendra Moksham is celebrated during the Tamil month of Panguni. Vaikunta Ekadesi, Rama Navami and Akshaya Tritiya are other festivals that are celebrated on a grand scale at this temple.

Mahavishnu is also believed to have given darshan to Gajendra as Kannan. Hence He is also known as Aatrankarai Kidakkum Kannan. Hanuman the monkey God is also believed to have worshiped the Lord here and was given darshan by the Lord in the form of Rama. Kapi means monkey and hence the name Kapisthalam. This is one of the nine vaishnava navagraha sthalam around Kumbakonam and is the Parihara Sthalam for Rahu.

Location:

Click here for the map

Kapisthalam is located 3 Kms across Cauvery from Papanasam in Tanjore District. It is located on Kumbakonam Tiruvaiyaru road and is about 16 Kms from Kumbakonam.

 

Other Temples Nearby:

Thirukoodalur (Aduthurai Perumal Kovil) 6 .5 Kms
Papanasam 108 Sivalingam 3 Kms
Swamimalai 8 Kms
Thirunallur Panchavarneswarar Temple – 7 Kms
Thiruvalanchuzhi – 9 Kms

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your Travel base at Kumbakonam which is 16 kms from here or at Tanjore which is at a distance of 28 kms.

Temple Timings: 7 AM to 12 Noon & 5 PM to 7.30 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Gajendra Varadhar Koil
Kapisthalam 614 203
Tanjavur Dist
Phone: 04734-223434
Priest: Shri Seshadri Bhattacharya

Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal Temple at Thirukoodalur is one of the 108 Divya Desams. The name Thirukoodalur or Koodalur is not well known now.  If you want to ask for directions, ask for Aduthurai Perumal Koil.  this Aduthurai is not to be confused with the Aduthurai near Thiruvidaimarudhur.  There are a group of Vaishnava temples around Kumbakonam which are considered navagraha Parihara sthalams.  This did come as a surprise to me because the Vaishnavites do not believe in navagraha worship.  This is the Kethu parihara sthalam. There is a prominent board in this temple that authenticates this.  The Moolavar (Main Deity) is known as Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal and the Utsavar (Deity taken out in procession during festivals) is Jagatrakshakan.  His consort here is Padmasanavalli.  The sacred tree (Sthala Vruksham) is the Jackfruit tree.  The Palamaran (Jack fruit tree) at this temple is very unique as you can see a huge formation on the tree that resembles a sangu (conch).   This tree is known as sangu pathintha palamaram.

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

The Lord at Aduthurai Perumal Koil is seen with his discus ready to leave His hand.  He is known as Prayoga Chakradari.  A king by name Ambarishan was a devout Vaishnavite.  In his devotion to Lord Vishnu he neglected his kingdom.  As a result he lost his kingdom to the neighbouring king.  Undeterred, the king continued his service to Vishnu.  Once when he was in a deep state of meditation, Durvasa Maharishi came to meet him.  The king who was immersed in his prayers to Lord Vishnu did not notice the sage.  Durvasa Maharishi felt insulted by this act of King Ambarishan and cursed him.  A shaken Ambarishan prayed to Lord Vishnu seeking his help.  Mahavishnu was angry with Durvasa Maharrishi for punishing His devotee for no fault of his.  Mahavishnu used the discus intending to cut off the Sage’s head.  Before any damage could be done, the Sage realised his folly and apologised to the Lord.  As a mark of gratitude, Ambarishan built a temple at the same spot where the current Aduthurai Perumal Koil is located.  The Lord is also known as Ambarisha Varadar after King Ambarishan.  Devotees who pray at Aduthurai Perumal Koil are believed to be protected by the discus of Vishnu.

Bathing in the holy rivers, according to Hindu scriptures, washes away one’s sins.  These holy rivers that accumulate the sins washed away by the people purify themselves by having a dip in the Cauvery.   Cauvery who accumulated all the sins approached Brahma for a solution to the problem.  Brahma directed Cauvery to pray to Lord Vishnu at this sacred place and accordingly Cauvery was purified.  Praying at Aduthurai Perumal Koil is believed to absolve the devotees of all their sins and enable to attain Moksham or Salvation.

Offerings of Kalkandu (Rock Sugar – wonder if that is the correct translation) and butter are made to the Lord.  The benefits of making these offerings are abundant wealth and marital bliss.

Nandhaga Munivar came to this holy place accompanied by all the Devas.  Koodal in tamil means together.  Since they all came together this place came to be known as Thirukoodalur.

About the temple in Tamil

About the temple in Tamil

It is believed that this is the place where Mahavishnu incarnated as the Boar (Varaha Avatharam) and prevents the Earth from sinking into the ocean. Hiranyaksha, a demon was granted a  boon by that he shall neither be killed by a man nor beast nor God. Emboldened by this boon, Hiranyaksha embarks on a destruction spree and pushes the Earth into the sea. He does not spare even Brahma, his benefactor.  While Brahma is fast asleep he steals the Vedas from Him. The Devas plead to Mahavishnu to put an end to the cruelty.  Mahavishnu takes the Varaha Avtaram and lifts the Earth from the ocean with the help of his tusks. He then kills Hiranyaksha and salvages the Veda from him.  Since He saved the world from extinction, He is known as Vaiyam Kattha Perumal or Jagatrakshakan.

The original temple built by Ambarishan was washed away by floods.  Mahavishnu appeared in the dream of Rani Mangammal of Madurai and asked her to build a new temple for Him.  The present temple is the one built by her.  In one of the Pillars of the temple you can see the image of Rani Mangammal.

Rani Mangammal

Image of Rani Mangammal on a pillar

Temple Location:

Click here for the map

Aduthurai  Perumal Koil is located on Kallanai-Kumbakonam Road at a distance about 10 Kms from Thingalur and 12 Kms from Thiruvaiyaru.  Tanjore is at a distance of 25 Kms from here.

Boarding & Lodging

Have your travel base at either Tanjore which is at 25 Kms from here or Kumbakonam which is at 23 Kms from Aduthurai Perumal Koil.

Other Temples Nearby:

Kailasanathar Temple, Thingalur

Gajendra Varadha Perumal Koil, Kapisthalam

Ganapathy Agraham – Mahaganapathy Alayam

Kailasanathar kovil, Ayyampettai

Pashupathinathar Temple – Pashupathi Koil

Chakravageswarar Temple – Thiru Chakkarappalli

Hara Saba Vimochanar, Thirukandiyur

Brahmasira Kandeeswarar,  Thirukandiyur

Thyagarajaswamy Temple, Tiruvaiyaru

Pancha Nadheeswarar temple, Tiruvaiyaru

Temple Timings: 7.30 AM to 12.30 PM & 4 PM to 7.30 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal Thirukoil

Thirukoodalur 614 202.

Tanjore District

Phone: +91-93452-67501, +91-93443-03803,

To recap from my earlier post on Bitchandar Koil or Uthamar Koil, Shiva was afflicted with Brahmahatti Dosham due to His act of plucking off Brahma’s fifth head.   He was partly absolved of the sin at Bitchandar Koil.  His hunger was satisfied at Bitchandar Koil but Brahma’s skull was still stuck to his palm.  To attain complete absolution of His sin, Vishnu instructed Shiva to worship Him (Vishnu) at Thirukandiyur after a bath in the temple tank.  Shiva went to Thirukandiyur and did accordingly and was absolved of the sin.  The temple tank since then has come to be known as kapala theertham.  In my next post on Brahmapureeswarar temple at Tirupattur, we shall see how Brahma was absolved of His sin.

 

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukandiyur

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukandiyur

 

 

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple, Thirukandiyur

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple, Thirukandiyur

I can’t resist deviating from the central topic for a short while.  It is to be noted that though Shiva himself is God, He still cannot escape from the effects of His sins.  Time and again, there are several stories in our Puranas where Gods have had to undergo suffering due to their sins.  The purpose is to stress the doctrine of moral responsibility. It is to imbibe into our mind that like everything else in this universe is governed by law; all things that happen to us also are governed by a law.  Every human being is governed by this law known as ‘Law of Karma”.  The modern Management Gurus have termed this Law as “Law of Cause & Effect”.  Karma is nothing but our actions, thoughts, feelings and emotions.  Our Karmas are responsible for our past, present, and future experiences. All Karma (our actions, thoughts, feelings and emotions) should have a Karma Palan (reaction).  So, if your Karma is good, it is bound to have good result.  In other words, our thoughts, actions, beliefs, emotions manifest into our experience.  We act only after the thoughts first come to our mind.  All that we are is the result of what we have thought, it is founded on our thoughts, and it is made up of our thoughts. Each individual is what he is because of everything that he thinks, feels and does.  Your thoughts and emotions, no matter how secret they are, have an effect on your circumstances, situations and people around you.  Be aware of your thoughts and emotions as they also have an effect on you.

Thus each one of us is responsible for all the happenings (both Good and Bad) in our lives.  It also means that we can take control of our circumstances and situations by changing the way we think.  Change your thoughts by using positive words in present tense (as though you already are what you want to be) and using positive goals.  Meditate on your goal everyday until you have achieved it.

Coming back to the topic on Thirukandiyur temple, Shiva as an act of gratitude built a temple for Vishnu here and also a temple for himself.  Vishnu is known by the name, Harasaaba Vimochanar, which literally means one who absolved Shiva or Haran of His Sins.  Vishnu’s consort here is Kamalavalli thayar.  Devotees throng the temple seeking atonement for their sins.  Shiva here is known by the name, Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar or one who plucked off Brahma’s head. His consort is Mangala Nayaki. There was a separate temple for Brahma here.  It is now in a dilapidated condition and the idols of Brahma and Saraswati are housed in a separate shrine at the Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar temple.  The postion of the navagraha in this temple is unique.  Suryan is present with His two consorts, Usha & Chaya.  The rest of the navagrahas face Suryan.

This is one of the 108 Divyadesams and also one of the 275 Padal petra sthalams.

The Shiva temple here is one of the Ashta Veeratta sthalams.  The eight temples are as follows

1. Thirukadaiyur

2. Thirukandiyur

3. Thirukkovilur

4. Thiruvadhigai

5. Thirupparaiyur

6. Thiruvirkudi

7. Vazhuvur

8. Thirukkurakkai

In the Tamil month of Vaikasi the act of Shiva punishing Brahma is enacted.

Nandi’s marriage took place at Thirumazhapadi near here.  As per the Hindu marriage ritual the couple goes around the ceremonial fire seven times.  Shiva took the newly wed couple to seven Shiva temples around Thiruvaiyar.  These seven temples are known as saptha sthanams.  This group of temples is very close to each other and can be covered in one session.  In the tamil month of Chittirai, the Deity (Utsavar) of Thiruvaiyar is carried on a palanquin to all these temples.  This is a very important festival in these temples around Thiruvaiyar.  These seven temples to be visited in order as follows:

1. Thiruvaiyaru

2. Thiruchotruthurai

3. Thiruvedikudi

4. Thirupponduruthi

5. Thillaisthanam

6. Kandiyur

7. Thiruppazhanam

Location

Thirukandiyur is about 10 kms from Tanjore on the way to Thiruvaiyar.  Thirukandiyur is about 2 Kms from Thiruvaiyar.  There are frequent buses from Tanjore and Thiruvaiyar.

Click here for the map

Temple Timings:

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple – 8AM to 12 Noon and 4.00  PM to 8 PM

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple – 8 AM to 12 Noon and 4.30 PM to 8 PM

Temples addresses:

Arulmigu Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Koil

Thirukandiyur

Thirukandiyur Post

Via Thiruvaiyar

Tanjore District

Pin: 613 202

Arulmigu Hara Saba Vimochanar Koil

Thirukandiyur

Thirukandiyur Post

Via Thiruvaiyar

Tanjore District

Pin: 613 202

 

Priest at Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple: Sriram Bhattar +919865302750