Posts Tagged ‘Brahmapureeswarar Temple’

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

 

There is an interesting story behind Brahma not having many temples dedicated to Him.  Once, Vishnu and Brahma had a dispute as to who amongst the two was superior.  They approached Shiva and asked Him to play Judge.  Shiva then appeared as a huge Lingam and said that whichever of the two saw the feet and the head of the Lingam and returned first would be adjudged superior to the other.  Brahma took the form of a Swan and went in search of the head while Vishnu took the form of a Boar and dug into the earth to reach the feet.  Vishnu accepted defeat and returned. Brahma was not the one to accept defeat so easily.  He saw a Thazhampu or Ketaki (common name – Fragrant screw pine) coming down.  On enquiry the flower said that it was coming from top of the Shiva Lingam.  Brahma enlisted the flower to testify before Shiva that Brahma had indeed reached the top of the Lingam.  When they both approached Shiva and claimed Brahma’s victory, Shiva was very angry with Brahma for having told a lie and with Ketaki flower for false testimony about Brahma’s “discovery” of the top of the Lingam.  He cursed them both.  He cursed that henceforth Brahma would not be worshipped and would not have Temples built for Him.  He also cursed the flower that it would not be used in any religious ritual.  There are possibly just a couple of temples where Brahma is the main deity.  There are a few other temples where Brahma is given importance and has separate shrine.  Thirupattur or Thirupidavur near Trichy is one such temple.

In my earlier post on Uthamar Koil or Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, I had narrated the story of Brahma’s fifth head being plucked off by Shiva and the travails of Shiva due this act and finally His absolution.  This temple at Thirupattur is connected with that same story.  Brahma went on Pilgrimage of Shiva temples after He lost His fifth head and also being stripped of the responsibility of creation.  In the course of His pilgrimage, Lord Brahma also visited this temple and installed 12 lingams around Bramhapureeshwarar and worshipped Shiva here for a very long time.  Shiva, on Parvathy’s recommendation liberated Brahma from the curse and restored the power and responsibility of creation to Brahma. Shiva also blessed Brahma that He would have a separate shrine at this temple. He also instructed Brahma that since Brahma himself had His destiny rewritten here for the better; Brahma should rewrite the destinity of His devotees visiting this temple. While Shiva was absolved of the Brahmahatti dosham at Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, Brahma was absolved of His sin here.

Brahma Theertham, Thirupattur

The 12 Lingams of Lord Shiva which were installed by Brahma are Sri Bhramapureeswara, Sri Pazamalainathar, Sri Pathalaeswarar, Sri Sudharaneeswarar, Sri Thayumannar, Sri Sabthagereswarar, Sri Kalathinathar, Sri Jambukeswarar, Sri Kailasanathar, Sri Arunachaleeswarar, Sri Ekambreswarar, Sri Manduganathar.  These lingams housed in separate shrines are seen around the Brahma theertham.  Brahma theertham is the pond from which Brahma took the water for performing puja to Shiva.

Names of the 12 Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur

 

A view of two of the shrines housing Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur. Brahma Theertham is in the foreground.

 

Brahma Pureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

Since Lord Shiva absolved Brahma of His sins, He is known as Brahmapureeswarar in this temple.  The lingam here is a Swayambhu (self manifested) lingam.  His consort here is called Brahma Sampath Gowri (The one who gave Brahma’s wealth back) or BrahmaNayagi.

Brahma’s shrine is in the circumambulatory corridor of Brahmapureeswarar’s shrine.  The 6 ft tall deity with an eternal covering of turmeric paste or manjal kappu can be seen in padmasana posture on a lotus.

The Jeeva Samadhi of Patanjali Munivar is located near Brahma’s shrine.  A pathala lingam is also located close the shrine.

There are seven doorways through which we have to go before reaching the sanctum sanctorum of Brahmapureeswarar, which is at a distance of 300 metres from the main entrance. What is amazing is that the main deity is clearly visible from the main entrance. That’s not all. The Sun’s rays still can fall directly on the Shivalingam for three days every year viz., 15th, 16th and 17th of the Tamil month Panguni. These dates are approximately the 3rd, 4th and 5th of April.

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil 1

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil

 

More information can be had from the official Website of the Temple here.

Location:

Thirupattur (or Thirupidavur) is around 35 km from Trichy on the Trichy – Chennai Highway.  While driving from Trichy, take a left near Siruganur and the temple is about 6 km here.  It is at a distance of about 16 km from Samayapuram (Mariamman temple).

Click here for the map

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base as Trichy which is just about 35 Kms from here.

Other temples nearby:

Bitchandar Koil or Uthamar Koil

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple

Ekambareswar and Thandayutha Pani Swami Temples, Chettikulam

Thirupainjili

Temple Timings: 6AM to 1 PM and 4 PM to 9 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmighu Brahmapureeswarar Koil

Tirupattur 621105

Trichy Taluk

Trichy District.

To recap from my earlier post on Bitchandar Koil or Uthamar Koil, Shiva was afflicted with Brahmahatti Dosham due to His act of plucking off Brahma’s fifth head.   He was partly absolved of the sin at Bitchandar Koil.  His hunger was satisfied at Bitchandar Koil but Brahma’s skull was still stuck to his palm.  To attain complete absolution of His sin, Vishnu instructed Shiva to worship Him (Vishnu) at Thirukandiyur after a bath in the temple tank.  Shiva went to Thirukandiyur and did accordingly and was absolved of the sin.  The temple tank since then has come to be known as kapala theertham.  In my next post on Brahmapureeswarar temple at Tirupattur, we shall see how Brahma was absolved of His sin.

 

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukandiyur

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukandiyur

 

 

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple, Thirukandiyur

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple, Thirukandiyur

I can’t resist deviating from the central topic for a short while.  It is to be noted that though Shiva himself is God, He still cannot escape from the effects of His sins.  Time and again, there are several stories in our Puranas where Gods have had to undergo suffering due to their sins.  The purpose is to stress the doctrine of moral responsibility. It is to imbibe into our mind that like everything else in this universe is governed by law; all things that happen to us also are governed by a law.  Every human being is governed by this law known as ‘Law of Karma”.  The modern Management Gurus have termed this Law as “Law of Cause & Effect”.  Karma is nothing but our actions, thoughts, feelings and emotions.  Our Karmas are responsible for our past, present, and future experiences. All Karma (our actions, thoughts, feelings and emotions) should have a Karma Palan (reaction).  So, if your Karma is good, it is bound to have good result.  In other words, our thoughts, actions, beliefs, emotions manifest into our experience.  We act only after the thoughts first come to our mind.  All that we are is the result of what we have thought, it is founded on our thoughts, and it is made up of our thoughts. Each individual is what he is because of everything that he thinks, feels and does.  Your thoughts and emotions, no matter how secret they are, have an effect on your circumstances, situations and people around you.  Be aware of your thoughts and emotions as they also have an effect on you.

Thus each one of us is responsible for all the happenings (both Good and Bad) in our lives.  It also means that we can take control of our circumstances and situations by changing the way we think.  Change your thoughts by using positive words in present tense (as though you already are what you want to be) and using positive goals.  Meditate on your goal everyday until you have achieved it.

Coming back to the topic on Thirukandiyur temple, Shiva as an act of gratitude built a temple for Vishnu here and also a temple for himself.  Vishnu is known by the name, Harasaaba Vimochanar, which literally means one who absolved Shiva or Haran of His Sins.  Vishnu’s consort here is Kamalavalli thayar.  Devotees throng the temple seeking atonement for their sins.  Shiva here is known by the name, Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar or one who plucked off Brahma’s head. His consort is Mangala Nayaki. There was a separate temple for Brahma here.  It is now in a dilapidated condition and the idols of Brahma and Saraswati are housed in a separate shrine at the Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar temple.  The postion of the navagraha in this temple is unique.  Suryan is present with His two consorts, Usha & Chaya.  The rest of the navagrahas face Suryan.

This is one of the 108 Divyadesams and also one of the 275 Padal petra sthalams.

The Shiva temple here is one of the Ashta Veeratta sthalams.  The eight temples are as follows

1. Thirukadaiyur

2. Thirukandiyur

3. Thirukkovilur

4. Thiruvadhigai

5. Thirupparaiyur

6. Thiruvirkudi

7. Vazhuvur

8. Thirukkurakkai

In the Tamil month of Vaikasi the act of Shiva punishing Brahma is enacted.

Nandi’s marriage took place at Thirumazhapadi near here.  As per the Hindu marriage ritual the couple goes around the ceremonial fire seven times.  Shiva took the newly wed couple to seven Shiva temples around Thiruvaiyar.  These seven temples are known as saptha sthanams.  This group of temples is very close to each other and can be covered in one session.  In the tamil month of Chittirai, the Deity (Utsavar) of Thiruvaiyar is carried on a palanquin to all these temples.  This is a very important festival in these temples around Thiruvaiyar.  These seven temples to be visited in order as follows:

1. Thiruvaiyaru

2. Thiruchotruthurai

3. Thiruvedikudi

4. Thirupponduruthi

5. Thillaisthanam

6. Kandiyur

7. Thiruppazhanam

Location

Thirukandiyur is about 10 kms from Tanjore on the way to Thiruvaiyar.  Thirukandiyur is about 2 Kms from Thiruvaiyar.  There are frequent buses from Tanjore and Thiruvaiyar.

Click here for the map

Temple Timings:

Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple – 8AM to 12 Noon and 4.00  PM to 8 PM

Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple – 8 AM to 12 Noon and 4.30 PM to 8 PM

Temples addresses:

Arulmigu Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Koil

Thirukandiyur

Thirukandiyur Post

Via Thiruvaiyar

Tanjore District

Pin: 613 202

Arulmigu Hara Saba Vimochanar Koil

Thirukandiyur

Thirukandiyur Post

Via Thiruvaiyar

Tanjore District

Pin: 613 202

 

Priest at Hara Saba Vimochanar Temple: Sriram Bhattar +919865302750

My next three posts are all interlinked.  These are about Bitchandar Koil, Thirukandiyur and Tirupattur. Before I start, I should acknowledge that I came to know about the temple at Tirupattur through Mr. Raju’s blog.  He has been doing a great job.

Uthamar Koil

It is very rare to find temples where the Holy Trinity – Brahma Vishnu and Shiva are Worshipped in the same temple premises.    The fact is that there are not many temples dedicated to Brahma.  But it is also to be noted that there is no temple without a niche of Brahma.  Thirukandiyur near Tanjore and Bitchandar Koil near Trichy are two such holy places where the Holy Trinity is present.

Shiva is known as Bitchandar at Bitchandar Koil or Purushottamar Koil. Shiva’s consort here is Soundarya Nayaki or Vadivudai Nayaki.  Vishnu is known as Purushottamar and His consort is Poornavalli Thayar.  There are also separate shrines for Brahma and Saraswati.  This is a rare temple where the Holy Trinity is present with their consorts in six separate shrines.  Brahma himself is present as Guru.  All the seven Gurus viz Brahma Guru, Vishnu Guru, Shiva Guru, Sakthi Guru, Subramanaya Guru, Deva Guru and Asura Guru are present here.  This is a very important temple for worshipping Guru.

There is a story interlinking these two places.  An extension of this story also links the Brahmapureeswarar Temple at Tirupattur near Trichy.  According to a legend, Brahma became very arrogant because He was the Creator and also had five heads – just like Shiva.  This made him feel superior to Shiva.  Brahma once visited Kailasam to meet Shiva.  On seeing someone with five heads Parvathy concluded that it should be Shiva.  Without even having a look at the face, She started performing Paada Puja.  Brahma knew that Parvati was performing the puja thinking that He was Shiva, despite which He kept quiet and did not stop Her.  As this was happening Shiva came there and immediately understood the fact that Parvati had no idea that it was Brahma.  He was very angry with Brahma and plucked the fifth head.  Since then Brahma has only four heads and is known as Chaturmukha.  Shiva also stripped Brahma of the power and the responsibility of creation.  Now, Shiva was afflicted with Brahmahatti dosham (sin due to murder of Brahmin).  The fifth head of Brahma stuck to His palm and would not come off.  He started on a pilgrimage visiting various temples to be absolved of the sin.  He used the skull stuck in His palm as the begging bowl.  The begging bowl would not fill up and Shiva was very hungry.  At Bitchandar Koil, Lakshmi as Poornavalli Thayar got rid of Shiva’s hunger.  Since Shiva came here with a begging bowl and his hunger was satisfied, he is known as Bitchandar here.  Shiva noticed that though His hunger was gone, the skull was still stuck His palm. He was only partially absolved of His sin.  Read my next post on Thirukandiyur for the continuation of this story.

Dasaratha performed a yagna here and Rama was born to him. The belief is that the childless are blessed with progeny.  Devotees believe that as per Vishnu’s instructions Brahma does not refuse anything to His devotees who pray Him here.

Chariot festivals of Shiva & Vishnu are celebrated in the tamil months of Vaikasi & Chittirai respectively.  The Utsava murthy of Lord Ranganathan from Srirangam is brought to this temple once a year and is an important occasion.  Shiva and Vishnu are taken out in simultaneous procession in the tamil month of Karthigai.

More details on the temple can be had at the official website of the temple here.

Location:

This temple is located on the Northern Banks of Kollidam near the toll gate in Trichy, on the highway towards Musiri.  This temple is at a distance of about 10 Kms from Trichy Junction. This is on the outskirts of Trichy and is well connected by public transport.

Click here for Map

Other Temples nearby:

Srirangam

Thiruvanaikaval

Rock Fort Temple

Uthiram Star Temple at Edaiyathumangalam

Travel Base: Trichy

Temple timings:

6am – 12.30pm and 4pm – 830pm

Temple Address

Uthamar Koil

Manachanallur Taluk

Bitchandar Koil

Trichy 621 216

Temple Priest: S. Varadharaja Bhattar 0431 2591 351, 99424 62145 / 98654 24167