Posts Tagged ‘brahmapureeswarar’

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram is one temples I had been wanting to visit for a long time. Finally, I made my first visit to Sivapuram during my latest trip in February/March 2014. The Lord is a Swayanbhu or self manifested here. The Lord is also known as Sivagurunathaswamy, Sivapureeswarar, Brahmapureeswarar and Sivapuranathar. His consort here is Singaravalli. She is also known as Aryambal or Periyanayaki. Shenbagam is the sthal vruksham and Chandra Pushkarni opposite to the temple is the theertham.

Sivagurunathar, Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar, Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Specialty of Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Specialty of Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

This ancient temple is said to be around 200 years old and was built by the Cholas. The five tiered Gopuram is facing East. As you enter the temple there is a Shrine for Kalabhairavar facing North and to your right. Suryan and Chandran have also worshipped at this temple. One can see the koshta murthys of Narthana Vinayakar, Lingothbhavar, Brahma, Lingothbavar and Durga. The shrine for Goddess Singaravalli is facing south. There are also the idols of the four Saivite saints or Nalvar, signifying that the temple is a Padal Petra Sthalam and that all four of them have sung in praise of the Lord here.

Legend has it that Ravana once went to Kailash and sought Lord Shiva’s audience. He was however stopped by Nandi as Ravana was neither mentally nor physically pure. Kubera who had also come there seeking the Lord’s audience supported Ravana and thus incurred the wrath of Nandi. Nandi cursed Kubera to be born as a greedy King. He was born as King Thanapathy who was extremely greedy for wealth. King Thanapathy who ruled from his capital situated near Sivapuram once came to this village to worship Lord Shiva. He chanced upon a copper plate which stated that by sacrificing a male child without any scar on the body had to be sacrificed on Mahashivaratri which falls on a Pradosham day, one can get a lot of wealth. It also said that the parents of the child should be holding the child at the feet and the head while the body should be cut and abishegam to be performed to the Shivalingam withe the blood.

Painting depicting the Temple Legend. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Painting depicting the Temple Legend. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

King Thanapathy was greedy and would do anything to get wealthier. He identified a poor Brahmin couple’s child that matched the requirement. On the Mahashivaratri day falling on Pradosham the child was cut while the helpless parents held on to the feet and head of their child. The child prayed to Goddess Singaravalli, who requested Lord Shiva to stop the macabre act. Lord Shiva then told that this was being done only to absolve Kubera of the curse. The child was Agni Deva and Indra and his wife Indrani were the parents of the child. It is said that blood stain is still present on the Shiva Lingam here. It is said that the child is present as the parrot in the hand of Durga.

Another legend associated with this temples is connected to the Varaha Avataram. Again Nandi was the once who cursed, this time Vishnu was at the receiving end of the curse. Lord Vishnu had once come to the temple here to pray to Lord Shiva. Nandi came in the way and Lord Vishnu asked him to move aside which angered Nandi who cursed Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu took a dip in the Varaha tank (I understand that this is adjacent to the Mahavishnu temple at Malayppanallur which is enroute Kumbakonam) and prayed to Lord Sivagurunathar here to be absolved of the curse. Lord Shiva asked Lord Vishnu to worship Him in a place where the Lord was present along with Rahu and Guru. Accordingly, Lord Vishnu worshipped Lord Dakshinamurthy present in the southern corridor of the temple along with Rahu, and was absolved of the curse. The serpant that is usually seen on Lord’s neck is seen near the feet of Dakshinamurthy. This rare combination of Rahu and Guru is probably unique to this temple.

Painting depicting the Temple Legend. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Painting depicting the Temple Legend. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Varaha performing puja to Shiva. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Varaha performing puja to Shiva. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Rahu and Guru together. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

Rahu and Guru together. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram in Tamil

The Kala Bhairavar here that I mentioned earlier is facing east and His mount, the dog is to His left and seems to be sniffing at the skull in Bhairavar’s left hand. It is believed that all the prayers of the devotees are carried by the dog to Lord Bhairavar. There is no seperate shrine for the Navagrahas and this is an indication of the age of the temple.

Kala Bhairqavar. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

Kala Bhairqavar. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

The twelve Zodiac signs on the ceiling. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

The twelve Zodiac signs on the ceiling. Sivagurunathar temple at Sivapuram

It is believed that this village is very holy and there are Shivalingams under the ground here. The Saivite saints of Lore were aware of this and did not place their feet on the ground here, as that would be great disrespect to the Lord. They therefore did angapradakshinam (rolling over) to reach the temple.

The childless are blessed with progeny by doing abishegam to the Goddess and observing fast for eleven consecutive fridays. The other worship benefit includes removal of all doshas including the navagraha doshas and good health of children.

The sun’s rays fall on the Shivalingam on the 3rd, 4th and 5th of the tamil month of Chithirai. On the eighth day of Krishnapaksham homam and special pujas are performed to Kala Bhairavar.

The Bronze Nataraja idol at this temple was stolen in the early 1950s and was restored in 1980s. There are a few other idols which were stolen but unfortunately could not be traced. Here is a nice blog for more details.

Temple Location:

Sivapuram is located about 6 kms from Kumbakonam. As you proceed on the Kumbakonam Thirunageswaram road, there is a new road under construction, take a right turn into this road. Just after a small bridge take a left turn that will lead you to Sivapuram.

Other temples nearby:

Thirunageswaram Rahu Sthalam

Uppiliappan Kovil

Prathyangara Devi temple, Ayyavadi

Amrithakaleswarar Koil , Sakkottai

Padikkasunathar Kovil, Alagaputhur

Karu kakkum Nayaki, Karuvalarcheri

Sargunalingeswarar Temple, Maruthanallur

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Singaravalli Sametha Sivagurunathaswamy temple

Sivapuram

Sakkottai Post – 612401

Tanjore District

Phone: 91-9865306940

Temple Timings: 

6 AM to 11 AM & 4.30 PM to 8.00 PM. However, please do check with the temple priest before going as this temple is not visited by many. If you are planning to do puja or archanai here please carry all puja materials with you.

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Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

 

There is an interesting story behind Brahma not having many temples dedicated to Him.  Once, Vishnu and Brahma had a dispute as to who amongst the two was superior.  They approached Shiva and asked Him to play Judge.  Shiva then appeared as a huge Lingam and said that whichever of the two saw the feet and the head of the Lingam and returned first would be adjudged superior to the other.  Brahma took the form of a Swan and went in search of the head while Vishnu took the form of a Boar and dug into the earth to reach the feet.  Vishnu accepted defeat and returned. Brahma was not the one to accept defeat so easily.  He saw a Thazhampu or Ketaki (common name – Fragrant screw pine) coming down.  On enquiry the flower said that it was coming from top of the Shiva Lingam.  Brahma enlisted the flower to testify before Shiva that Brahma had indeed reached the top of the Lingam.  When they both approached Shiva and claimed Brahma’s victory, Shiva was very angry with Brahma for having told a lie and with Ketaki flower for false testimony about Brahma’s “discovery” of the top of the Lingam.  He cursed them both.  He cursed that henceforth Brahma would not be worshipped and would not have Temples built for Him.  He also cursed the flower that it would not be used in any religious ritual.  There are possibly just a couple of temples where Brahma is the main deity.  There are a few other temples where Brahma is given importance and has separate shrine.  Thirupattur or Thirupidavur near Trichy is one such temple.

In my earlier post on Uthamar Koil or Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, I had narrated the story of Brahma’s fifth head being plucked off by Shiva and the travails of Shiva due this act and finally His absolution.  This temple at Thirupattur is connected with that same story.  Brahma went on Pilgrimage of Shiva temples after He lost His fifth head and also being stripped of the responsibility of creation.  In the course of His pilgrimage, Lord Brahma also visited this temple and installed 12 lingams around Bramhapureeshwarar and worshipped Shiva here for a very long time.  Shiva, on Parvathy’s recommendation liberated Brahma from the curse and restored the power and responsibility of creation to Brahma. Shiva also blessed Brahma that He would have a separate shrine at this temple. He also instructed Brahma that since Brahma himself had His destiny rewritten here for the better; Brahma should rewrite the destinity of His devotees visiting this temple. While Shiva was absolved of the Brahmahatti dosham at Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, Brahma was absolved of His sin here.

Brahma Theertham, Thirupattur

The 12 Lingams of Lord Shiva which were installed by Brahma are Sri Bhramapureeswara, Sri Pazamalainathar, Sri Pathalaeswarar, Sri Sudharaneeswarar, Sri Thayumannar, Sri Sabthagereswarar, Sri Kalathinathar, Sri Jambukeswarar, Sri Kailasanathar, Sri Arunachaleeswarar, Sri Ekambreswarar, Sri Manduganathar.  These lingams housed in separate shrines are seen around the Brahma theertham.  Brahma theertham is the pond from which Brahma took the water for performing puja to Shiva.

Names of the 12 Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur

 

A view of two of the shrines housing Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur. Brahma Theertham is in the foreground.

 

Brahma Pureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

Since Lord Shiva absolved Brahma of His sins, He is known as Brahmapureeswarar in this temple.  The lingam here is a Swayambhu (self manifested) lingam.  His consort here is called Brahma Sampath Gowri (The one who gave Brahma’s wealth back) or BrahmaNayagi.

Brahma’s shrine is in the circumambulatory corridor of Brahmapureeswarar’s shrine.  The 6 ft tall deity with an eternal covering of turmeric paste or manjal kappu can be seen in padmasana posture on a lotus.

The Jeeva Samadhi of Patanjali Munivar is located near Brahma’s shrine.  A pathala lingam is also located close the shrine.

There are seven doorways through which we have to go before reaching the sanctum sanctorum of Brahmapureeswarar, which is at a distance of 300 metres from the main entrance. What is amazing is that the main deity is clearly visible from the main entrance. That’s not all. The Sun’s rays still can fall directly on the Shivalingam for three days every year viz., 15th, 16th and 17th of the Tamil month Panguni. These dates are approximately the 3rd, 4th and 5th of April.

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil 1

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil

 

More information can be had from the official Website of the Temple here.

Location:

Thirupattur (or Thirupidavur) is around 35 km from Trichy on the Trichy – Chennai Highway.  While driving from Trichy, take a left near Siruganur and the temple is about 6 km here.  It is at a distance of about 16 km from Samayapuram (Mariamman temple).

Click here for the map

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base as Trichy which is just about 35 Kms from here.

Other temples nearby:

Bitchandar Koil or Uthamar Koil

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple

Ekambareswar and Thandayutha Pani Swami Temples, Chettikulam

Thirupainjili

Temple Timings: 6AM to 1 PM and 4 PM to 9 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmighu Brahmapureeswarar Koil

Tirupattur 621105

Trichy Taluk

Trichy District.

Lakshmipureeswarar temple is at Thiruninriyur.  Thiruninriyur is about 6.5 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil on the way to Mayiladuthurai or Mayavaram. This is a Padal Petra Sthalam.  This is an East facing Mada temple, meaning it is built over a raised platform.  The main deity is Lakshmipureeswarar and his Consort is Ulaganayaki.  The Lingam here is one of the 64 Swayambhu Lingams. Lakshmi and Vishnu have worshipped Lord Shiva here.  Lakshmi was granted the boon of winning Vishnu’s heart, hence the name Lakshmipureeswaraar.  Lord Shiva here is known as Mahalakshmeesar also. There are separate shrines for Vinayakar, Murugan, Mahalakshmi, the Navagrahas, Bhairavar, Chandran and the Shivalingam worshipped by Parasurama.

The Sanskrit name for this place is Varthi Nirvapanapuram, which means Tirininravur in Tamil.  Tiri means wick and ninravur means place where it was put off.  A Chola King used to pass through Thiruninriyur every night after worshiping at Sirkali.  As he was passing through this village, the lamps carried by his entourage used to go off. Intrigued, he wanted to check it out and went to the same place in the morning.  He saw Kamadhenu descending into the forest.   He proceeded to the spot where Kamadhenu had descended. He cleared the bushes with his sword and made his way through the thicket.  While doing so, his sword hit something and he saw blood sprouting from  that particular spot.  He spotted a Shiva Lingam in the undergrowth, from which the blood was oozing.  The hole that the Chola King inadvertently made on top of the Shiva Lingam is still seen.  He built a temple at the same spot which is now Lakshmipureeswarar Temple at Thiruninriyur.

This temple is to be visited for gaining Kubera Sampathu or prosperity. While Kubera is the Lord of Wealth and is responsible for the distribution of the same, Goddess Lakshmi is the creator of wealth.  In other words Kubera is the treasurer while the Goddess is the CFO.  Goddess Lakshmi is one of the most worshipped deities. She is the Goddess of prosperity, wealth, purity, generosity, and the embodiment of beauty, grace and charm.

Lakshmi is usually seen sitting or standing on a lotus in the ocean of milk symbolising purity, peace and prosperity. Her four arms signify Purity, Prosperity, Perfection and Freedom from bondage.  The gold coins flowing out of her hand signifies prosperity. Her right hand is in abhayahastha mudra or hand held in the posture of blessing.

This temple is one amongst the temples dedicated for each of the 27 Nakshatrams or Birth-stars.  This temple is dedicated to Anusham.  People born under this star greatly benefit by worshiping here at least once every year.

This temple has very few visitors and is relatively unknown.  The temple is maintained by the Dharumapuram Adhinam.

Lakshmi Gayatri Mantra

Om Maha Lakshmicha Vidmahe

Vishnu Patnicha Dhimahi

Tanno Lakshmi Prachodayat

Lakshmi Moola Mantra

“Om Shri Maha Lakshmyei Namah”

“Aum Gum Shreem Maha Lakshmiyei Swaha”

“Om Shrim Maha Lakshmiyei Swaha”

“Om Shrim Siddayei Namah’

“Om Shreeng “

“Om aing shreeng hreeng kleeng aing kamalvasinayae swaahaa”

Other Temples Nearby

Vaitheeswaran Koil

Thirupungur

Location

Click here for the Map

This temple is located at a distance of about 6.5 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil, on Vaitheeswaran Koil Mayiladuthurai Road.

Boarding & Lodging:

This is a very small village.  Have your travel base as Vaitheeswaran Koil or Mayiladuthurai.

Temple Timings:

6AM to 12.00 Noon and 4 PM to 8 PM

Temple Contact

SUBRAMANYA GURUKKAL,

TIRUNINRIYUR

MAYILADUTHURAI RMS 609118

Phone: 04364-320520

Thirukadaiyur is a very famous temple in Nagapattinam district.  The presiding Deity is Amrthakadeswarar His consort is Abhirami.  This temple is associated with the stories of Markandeya and Abhirami Bhattar.

This holy place is believed to be the place where Lord Shiva saved Markendeya from Yama (the God of death).   This is one of the Ashta Veeratta sthalams.  The eight temples are as follows

1. Thirukadaiyur

2. Thirukandiyur

3. Thirukkovilur

4. Thiruvadhigai

5. Thirupparaiyur

6. Thiruvirkudi

7. Vazhuvur

8. Thirukkurakkai

Mrigandu Maharishi, a staunch devotee of Shiva led a simple life of worship and penance. He and his wife Marudhamathi had no children. The couple prayed to Lord Shiva to bless them with a child. Pleased with their prayers Shiva appeared before them and granted them their wish but asked the couple to make a difficult choice. Shiva asked them to choose between a hundred children who would not be virtuous but would live a long life & one son who would be the epitome of virtuousness and have the divine blessing, but would live only till the age of sixteen. The couple chose the latter and thus Markandeya was born to them.

Markandeya was very pleasing in his manners and behaviour, and was liked by one and all.  He was intelligent too. At that young age the boy mastered all the scriptures. His parents were proud of his achievements. However, they suddenly remembered that this boy will live only until the age of sixteen.  This realization worried them. When Markandeya inquired them of the reason, his mother could not hide the truth any longer and informed him of the conditional boon which Shiva had granted. Markandeya was very confident that Shiva would protect him.

He made a Lingam out of the wet sand on the banks of Cauvery and started his penance.  He was determined to continue until Lord Shiva appeared before him granted him the boon of immortality. As Markandeya entered his sixteenth year, Yama came to take back his life.  But Markandeya refused to go along with Yama. Yama threw the noose around Markandeya and since he was hugging the Shivalingam, the noose fell around the Shivalingam also.  An angry Shiva killed Yama.  Markandeya then implored Lord Shiva to bring back Yama to life.  Shiva pleased with Markandeya’s selflessness blessed him to be immortal.

The Shiva Lingam is swayambhu (Self manifested). The mark made by Yama’s noose is seen on this Lingam. Some believe that this Lingam is part of the pot of nectar that came out of the Paarkadal or Celestial Ocean. Devas had not invoked Vinayaka before the churning of the Ocean. An angry Vinayaka wanted to teach them a lesson and stole the pot of nectar from the Devas. Vinayakar is called KallaPillayar here, as he had stolen the pot of Nectar from the Devas.

As death was conquered at this holy temple at Thirukadaiyur, Sasthiabdhipoorthi (Completion of sixty years), Bheemaratha Shanthi (Completion of 70 years) and Sadhabishegam (Completion of 80 years) are celebrated here.

This is the place where Brahma got Gnaanopadesam from Lord Shiva. Shiva had given Brahma few Vilva seeds and told him that wherever the seeds germinate, He (Shiva) would do the Gnanopadesham.  After failing at various places, it was finally at Thirukadaiyur that the seeds germinated.  Hence the place is also known as Vilvaaranyam or Vilva forest.

Abhirami Bhattar was a staunch devotee of the Goddess. Once King Sarboji visited the temple and saw  Abhirami Bhattar who was immersed in his thoughts of Goddess Abhirami. The king inquired with the Bhattar what Thithi it was and Bhattar absent-mindedly replied that it was Pournami or full moon day, while it was actually a New moon day. The furious King ordered Abhirami Bhattar to be burnt to death. When he came back to his senses, a shocked Bhattar pleaded to the Goddess to save him.  Bhattar was made to stand on a wooden platform that was being slowly lowered into the fire below. He started singing a hundred verses in praise of the Goddess. As soon as Abhirami Bhattar recited the 79th verse, the Goddess threw one of her earrings in the sky which shone as bright as the Full Moon on a Full Moon day. Ashamed of himself, the King apologised to Abirami Bhattar. The hundred verses that Abhirami Bhattar sang that night is the famous Abhirami Andhadhi. Andhadhi means that a particular verse starts with the ending of the previous verse. In fact, Abhirami Andhadhi can be said to have no beginning or ending. The first verse starts with “uthikkindra senkathir uchchi thilakam….” and the 100th verse ends with ” …… eppothum uthikindrave”.

The main festival in this temple is the 18 day long Kaalasamhara thiruvizha in the month of Chithirai (April-may) when the entire episode of kalasamharam is enacted.

Please click this link for Mahamrutyunjaya Mantram

Location:

Click here for Map

Thirukkadaiyur is siruated in Nagapattinam district between Mayiladuthurai and Porayar. It is 22 Kms from Mayiladuthurai and 8 Kms from Porayar.  This is well-connected with Kumbakonam and Mayiladuthurai.


Boarding & Lodging:

There are a few options available here for an overnight stay.  Hotel Sadhabishegam is a famous hotel here that offers both boarding & lodging.

Other Temples Nearby:

Thiruvenkadu – Budhan Sthalam

Keezhaperumpallam – Kethu Sthalam

Vaitheeswaran Koil

Sri Lakshmipureeswarar Temple – Thiruninriyur

Ananthamangalam Anjaneyar Temple

Thirukadaiyur Mayanam which is behind this temple and 2 kms from here is the original temple on the sea-shore.  The Brahmapureeswarar temple has an incomplete gopuram.  It is said that this is the original temple at Thirukadaiyur.

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Kadayur Mayanam

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Kadayur Mayanam

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Kadayur Mayanam

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Kadayur Mayanam

Temple Timings: 6 AM to 1 PM and 4Pm to 9PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Amirthakadeswarar Devasthanam

Thirukadaiyur

Phone: 04364-287429