Posts Tagged ‘Durga’

Patteeswaram – Durga Temple

Posted: March 14, 2010 in Temples around Kumbakonam
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Patteeswaram, near Kumbakonam is famous for its Durga temple. This temple is fairly big and well-maintained one.  There are five majestic gopurams (towers).  The temple seems to have been built and rebuilt several times with additions made to the original temple at various times.  The evidence of this is in the temple’s architecture which has the styles of the Pallavas, Cholas and the Nayaks. The presiding deity at this temple is Dhenupureeswarar and his consort is Gyanambigai. Patteeswaram is one of the Parivara Sthalam.  Mahalingaswamy at Thiruvidaimarudhur has the Parivara devatas in various temples flung as far away as Sirkali and Thiruvalanchuzhi.  The group of temples that form a large temple with Thiruvidaimarudhur Mahalingaswamy as the main deity is called Parivara Sthalams.

Dhenupureeswarar Temple, Patteeswaram

Dhenupureeswarar Temple, Patteeswaram

Legend has it that Rama had installed a Shivalingam here to get rid of his sin or dosham.  Rama was afflicted by three Doshams or sins for killing Ravana.  He could get rid of these sins by installing a Shivalingam and do penance.  Though, Rama was an incarnation of Vishnu, He had taken the birth as an ordinary human being to show people the way and be a role model.  He was an Avatara Purushan or one who sets an example. He had to undergo all the trials and tribulations that a normal human being undergoes and demonstrate the virtues of righteousness while surmounting the problems.  Like any other mortal, He had to face the consequences of His actions and had to perform the necessary pariharam (remedial poojas) to attain papa vimochanam (absolution of the sin).  The first of his three sins was Brahmahatti dosham, because he had killed Ravana who was a Brahmin.  He was absolved of the sin by installing a Shiva Lingam at Rameswaram.  His second sin was Verrahatti dosham, because Ravana was also a great warrior.  Rama installed another Shiva Lingam at Vedaranyam to be absolved of this sin.  His third sin was Chaya Hatti dosham because Ravana was a great exponent of fine arts and an ardent devotee of Shiva.  He was absolved of this sin when he installed yet another Shiva Lingam at Patteeswaram.  These three Lingams are known as Ramalingam.   Rama created a well here to perform ablutions or abhishegam to the Shiva Lingam that he had installed here.  The well thus created by him is said to have brought the holy waters of Dhanushkodi here. Near this well is a niche of Anjaneyar.

Kamadhenu’s daughter Patti, worshipped Lord Shiva here.  She used to perform abhishegam or ablution to the Shiva Lingam with her milk, hence the name Patteeswaram.

As in Thirupungur, the Nandi has shifted to a side here.  The reason attributed goes thus.  On a hot summer day, Thirugnanasambandar, a child poet, was on his way to Patteeswaram to worship the Lord.  Since Sambandar was a small child and the intense heat could make him weak, Dhenupureeswarar had a canopy of pearls erected along the way to make it cool and comfortable for his young devotee.  Dhenupureeswarar could not wait for Sambandar to come to His Sanctum to see him.  He asked Nandi to move aside so that He could see His devotee as he entered the temple. There is an annual festival in the tamil month of Ani to commemorate this incident.  This special festival is called ‘Muthupandal’.  A palanquin of pearls is lifted in a procession that starts at noon from Sakthimutram and concludes at Patteswaram.

There is a tank in front of the temple.  The Pillayar installed near the tank is known as Agnya Ganapathy.

Though the temple here is a Shiva temple, the temple is known for the Durga here.  Durga is considered to be the combined force of all the Gods to destroy the evil forces. Durga in Sanskrit means a fortified or well protected place. Durga protects the mankind from the evil forces.  She removes the negative thoughts such as selfishness, envy, hatred anger and ego. The shrine for Durga is near the Northern entrance of the temple.  Cholas are believed to have originally installed this deity in their fort.  The idol was removed and installed here at this temple after the fall of the Chola dynasty.  Along with the idol of Durga, the idols of Swarnaganapthy, Shanmuga and Bhairavar were also shifted to this temple from the fort.  These four deities were guarding the four entrances of the fort. The Cholas were ardent devotees of Durga and always worshipped Durga before going to war or when they were faced with making an important decision.

The Durga here is a Shanta Swarupi (calm or peaceful countenance). She is seated on her vehicle Lion and is seen with here foot on Mahishasura.  The Goddess appears in Tribanga (three curved) posture. Durga here is ashtabhuja or with eight hands.  She is seen holding conch, discuss, bow, arrow, sword, shield and a parrot in Her hands.

She has three eyes and jewels adorn her ears.  An unusual aspect of this Durga is that her vehicle – the lion – is seen facing the left side instead of the right side, which is usually the case.  Goddess Durga here is considered to be very divine and powerful who showers Her blessings on Her devotees.  People afflicted with Rahu and Kethu Doshas worship at this temple during Rahu Kalam; for, it is believed that during the Rahu Kalam, Rahu worships the Goddess everyday.  Worshipping Her on Tuesdays, Fridays, Sundays, New Moon days and Full Moon days and Ashtami and Navami (8th and 9th day from the new moon or full moon day) is considered special.  People throng this temple to seek the blessings of Durga in finding suitable match for their daughters.  Locals vouch that the prayers are always answered.

Worship of Durga is considered very important in Kaliyuga.  The worship of Goddess Durga removes the effect of all types of black magic, unfavourable effect of negative planets, Bad luck, health problems, problems due to enemies etc

Offerings of Sarees and garland of lemon are made to the Goddess.  Offering red floral garland alleviates Chevvai Dosham (the adverse effect of Mars).

The Bhairavar here blesses his devotees with protection from enemies, good health, and cure from any venomous bite.  Lord Patteeswarar blesses His devotees with peace of mind and career advancement.

Durga Mantram

Durga Mantram


Location:

Click here for map

Patteeswaram is just about 10 Kms from Kumbakonam.  It is at a distance of about 3 Kms from Darasuram off Darasuram Valangiman Road. There are frequent buses plying between Kumbakonam and Patteeswaram. Buses operating on route nos. 8,11,25,35,61,62 and 67 stop at Patteeswaram. A few buses plying between Kumbakonam and Tanjore also go via Patteeswaram.

Other temples nearby:

Thiruvalanchuzhi

Swamimalai

Kumbakonam

Thirunallur

Airawateswarar temple at Darasuram

Boarding & Lodging:

Kumbakonam and Swamimalai are very close to this place.  A lot of options are available for an overnight stay to suit various budgets.

Temple Timings

Monday-Sunday (Except   Friday): 6 AM to 1 PM, 4PM to 9 PM

Friday: 6 AM to 1 PM, 4AM to 10 AM

Friday (During Aadi Month): 4 AM to 1 PM, 4PM to12 Mid Night

Temple Address

Arulmigu Dhenupureeshwar Thirukkovil,

Sri Durga Sthalam,

Patteswaram

Kumbakonam,

Thanjavur Dist

Phone: 0435 2416976

Temple’s Website: http://www.patteeswaramdurga.org

Alangudi – Guru Temple

Posted: January 25, 2010 in Navagraha Temples, Temples around Kumbakonam
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Sri Abathsahayeswarar Temple, the sthalam of Guru Bhagavan is at Alangudi.  The presiding deity here is Abathsahayeswarar and His consort is Elavarkuzhali Ammai or Umayammai.  The Shiva Lingam here is a Swayambhu (self manifested). Dakshinamurthy in the praharam (circumambulatory path) around Shiva’s shrine is worshipped as Guru Bhagavan here.

In all Shiva temples the main deities are Shiva and Parvati. Other deities like Pillayar Murugar, Dakshinamurthy, the Navagrahas, and Chandikeswarar are also present in the praharam (circumabulatory path). As defined in the temple Vaasthu Shastra, the deities are placed in a particular position and facing a particular direction.  There is a group of temples around Kumbakonam whose deities form a big temple. This group of temples is called the Parivara Sthalam.

This big temple would have

I do not know if these temples are to be visited in any particular order.  I hope I will be able to visit these temples in the prescribed order if any, and post the details.

The story of the Devas and Asuras churning the celestial ocean or the parkadal is associated with many temples.  During this churning, Vasuki spat out deadly poison.   Lord Shiva consumed that poison here to save the world. Hence the name Alangudi: Ala meaning poison.  The Lord himself came to be known as Abathsahayeswarar (one who helps in crisis) as he saved the world from impending danger. Lord Ganesha defeated Gajamuhasuran here, to save the Devas from the asura’s atrocities.  Ganesha is worshipped here as “Kalangamal Kaaththa Vinayakar”.  This place is also known as Thirumana Mangalam as Ambal undertook penance to marry Lord Shiva.

Lord Shiva in the guise of a boatman had helped Sundarar to cross the Vettaru which was in spate. It is believed that Sundarar had received his Gnanopadesam from Dakshinamurthy at this temple. Gu in Sanskrit means darkness and ru means the destroyer of that.  Hence Guru means one who destroys darkness or one who enlightens.  Thus Guru is one who leads you from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge.

Alangudi is the most popular Parihara sthalam for Guru.  The other ones that readily come to mind are Thittai and Padi in Madras. Poolai is the sthala vriksham.

Pooja: Guru is attributed to luck, favor and fortune.  The unfavourable position in the horoscope can cause skin problems, arthritis, heart related problems, worry & uneasiness.  Guru blesses his devotees with progeny, good education, valour, long life and cure from diseases. Devotees light 24 ghee lamps and do pradharshanam (circumambulation) of Shiva’s shrine 24 times.  Offerings of yellow cloth, konda kadalai (chick pea) and vella mullai (a type of Jasmine) are made to Guru here.  The transit of Guru, known as Guru Peyarchi which happens every year, is an important festival in this temple.  Thursdays being the day of Guru is very important.  Fasting or eating only once (oru pozhudhu) on Thursdays is recommended.  Banana and salt is to be avoided on these days.

Recite the following mantra facing North East to get over the malefic effects and benefit from his benevolence.

Guru Moola Mantra: Aum gram grim graum sah gurave namah

Guru Gayathri: Rishabadhwajaya vidhmahe gruni hasthaya dhimahi thanno Guru prachodhayath

Other Guru Parihara Temples:

Thiruvalidhaym or Padi near Chennai

Thenkudi Thittai or Thittai near Tanjore

Murugan Temple at Tiruchendur

Guruvayur Krishna Temple

 

Location:

Click here for the Map

38 Kms from Thiruvarur town

Alangudi is 17.5 kms away from Kumbakonam on Kumbakonam – Needamangalam – Mannargudi road in Tiruvarur district.

Other Temples nearby:

Thirupoovanur (Pushpavanam)

Thiruvenniyur or Koyil venni – the Shivalingam here has marks resembling sugarcane

Kasi Vishvanathar Temple at Needamangalam

Boarding & Lodging: There are quite a few shops here but there is no decent place to stay or eat.  If hungry, prasadam from the temple is the best option.  Stay at one of the nearest towns like Kumbakonam or Thiruvarur.

Temple Timings: 6 AM to 1 PM and 4 PM to 8.30 PM.

TempleAddress

Arulmigu Abathsahayeswarar Temple,

Alangudi – 612801

Valangaiman Taluk

Thiruvarur District

Telephone Number: 04374 – 269407

Vaitheeswaran Koil – Angarakan Temple

Posted: January 22, 2010 in Janma Rasi Temples, Navagraha Temples, Temples around Kumbakonam
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Pullirukuvelur, one of the most important Saivite shrines is popularly known as Vaitheeswaran Koil. Vaidhyanathaswamy or Vaitheeswaran (God of Medicine) got his name as He had cured Angarakan of his Leprosy here. Before I proceed further, I would like to inform about the Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy Temple at a Village called Mannipallam, about 6 Kms from here. Click on this link to read more about that temple.

 

Vaidyanathaswamy is the main deity here and His consort is Thayyalnayaki ambal. She stands with the medicinal oil to cure the diseases of the devotees. Lord Subramanya, a very important deity here, is known as Selva Muthukumaraswamy.  It is to be noted that Chevvai is ruled by Lord Subramanya. During Lord Subramanya’s fight with Tharakasuran – brother of Surapadman – there was a lot of casualty on both sides leaving many dead and injured.  Lord Shiva obliged Lord Subramnya’s prayer to treat the injured.

Chevvai is supposed to have been born out of a drop of sweat that fell from Lord Shiva’s forehead onto the Earth.  Another version is that Chevvai is the Son of Sage Bharadwaja and that Mother Earth brought him up.  Yet another story goes thus; Veerabhadra was created by Lord Shiva from his Third Eye (Netrikann) to disturb the yaga of Dakshan (Lord Shiva’s Father-in-law).  The Devas were terrified by the havoc created by Veerabhadra.  Veerabhadra who became conscious of this fact then calmed down and attained the status of a celestial planet and came to be known as Chevvai.  He is red in colour and hence known as Chevvai.

Chevvai or Angarakan is present in two forms – Utsavar (the idol that is taken out in procession during festivals) is near the Vaithyanathaswamy sannidhi (shrine) and the moolavar (the idol that is  placed permanently in a place) is in the Eastern side of the outer praharam (circumambulatory path). The Utsava Murthy, mounted on a goat, is taken out in a procession inside the temple premises every Tuesday.  There is a small shrine to Lord Dhanvantari in the praharam (circumambulatory path) around Vaitheeswaran’s Sannidhi (Sanctum sanctorum).

Siddhamruta Theertham, a big tank opposite to Ambal’s shrine, is known to have medicinal property.  Devotees believe that taking bath in these waters cures them of their diseases, especially skin diseases. Angarakan was cured of his leprosy after a dip in the holy water here. It is also known as Goksheera  (Go means cow and ksheera means milk) Theertham, as Kamadhenu’s milk flowed into this tank when she performed abhishegam to the deity here with her milk. It tastes sweet like a cane juice and hence known as Ikshusara (ikshu means cane and sara means juice) Theertham.  Jatayau had his bath here and hence it is also known as Jatayu Theertham. Devotees buy jaggery from one of the many shops outside the temple and dissolve it in the water here. However, these days the temple administration is very conscious about keeping the water clean and discourage this practice.  A separate bin has been placed near the temple tank to deposit the jaggery.  After a dip in the tank or prokshanam (sprinkling water on ones head), have the darshan of Vinayakar and then offer salt and pepper opposite to Ambal’s shrine. You could buy the Silver plated body organs and deposit in the Hundi.  This is supposed to cure all diseases.  Have the darshan of Vinayakar in the praharam (circumambulatory path) around  Vaidhyanathaswamy’s deity before praying to Lord Vaidhyanathaswamy. Selvamuthukumar, Gajalakshmi, Natarajar, Durgai, Dhanvantri, Dakshinamurthy, Sattanathar, Jatayu Kundam and Angarakan (Utsava murthy) are all there as you do the pradarshanam (cicumambulation) of Lord Vaidhyanathaswamy.

Near the Eastern Gopuram (tower) there are deities of Jwarahareshwarar (on who cures the common fever), Palaniandavar and Angarakan (Moolavar).  The sthala vruksham is neem tree and is found in the outer praharam(circumambulatory path) near the Eastern Gopuram. This tree is supposed to have been in existence since Kritayuga.   It was Kadamba during the Kritayuga, Vilva during the Tretayuga, Vakula during the Dwaparayuga and in the Kaliyuga it is neem.  You can see the deity of Aadhi Vaitheeswaran under the sthala vruksham.

It is believed that Rama and Lakshmana cremated Jatayu here. There are niches of Rama, Lakshmana, and Vishwamitra. Vasishtha and Jatayu near the Jatayu Kunda.

Nethrapidi Sandhanam and Thiruchandu Urundai are two of the prasadams which are believed to cure all ailments. Thiruchandu Urundai or medicinal pellet was given by Vaidhyanathaswamy to Angarakan to cure his leprosy. It is prepared from the Homa Kundam.  Nethrapidi Santhanam is a paste made by mixing sandal powder and saffron with water.  This is applied on Muthukumaraswamy’s forehead before being given as medicine.

Poojas: The Chevvai dosham (malefic effect) caused by unfavourable position of Angarakan or Chevvai in the horoscope may manifest as aggressiveness, tendency to get into unnecessary arguments or jealousy in the native. It can also result in loss of money, physical injury or even imprisonment. Chevvai dosham is rectified by performing parihara poojas (appeasement poojas) to this deity. Devotees may perform Angaraka Pooja to get rid of financial crisis. Worshipping Chevvai here helps in neutralizing the negative effects.  Offerings of red cloth and Bengal gram or kadalai paruppu are made to Chevvai here.  Tuesdays are special days here as Chevvai is associated with that day of the week.

Recite the following mantras facing south, which is Angarakan’s direction.

Angaraka Moola Mantram: Aum kram krim kraum sah bhaumaya namah

Angaraka Gayathri: AUM Angarkaya vidmahe, bhoomibalaya dhimahi, thanno kujah prachodayath

Other interesting things here:

Vaitheeswaran Koil is the nerve centre for Naadi Josiyam, a popular form of astrology. The great sages (Sidhdhars) of India had the power to look into the past and future of the entire universe and had written these predictions on palm leaves. These can be deciphered by expert Naadi astrologers only.

Boarding & Lodging:

There are a few chatrams or choultries where you can stay. If you happen to land there in the morning after an overnight journey and want to leave immediately after darshan at the temple, choultries are the best and most economical option. They just charge you Rs.100/- or less for use of their facilities. Similar charges are applicable if you want to rest for a couple of hours in the afternoon.  If you would want a more comfortable accommodation, especially overnight stay, a few Hotels like Sadhabhishegam are available. Thayyalnayaki mess opposite to the Western Gopuram (tower) is a decent place to eat. Sadhabhishegam also serves good food.

Location:

Click Here for the Map

Buses going to Mayavaram from Chennai, Pondy, Chidambaram, and Cuddalore pass through Vaitheeswaran Koil.

250 Kms from Chennai

7.5 Kms from Sirkali on Sirkali – Mayavaram Road

24 Kms from Chidambaram

15 kms from Mayavaram or Mayiladuthurai

49 Kms from Kumbakonam

 

Other Temples Nearby:

Thirupungur– Here, the Nandi is shifted to a side to facilitate Nandanar have the darshan of The Lord.  See my post on this here.

Thiruninriyur – Lakshmipureeswarar Temple to gain prosperity.

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple at Mannipallam

Alternate Temples for Angarakan or Chevvai

Dhandayuthapani temple at Palani

Vaitheeswaran Koil at Poonamalee near Chennai

Temple Timings: 6AM to 1 PM & 4PM to 9PM.

Temple Address

Arulmigu Vaidhyanathar Temple

Vaitheeswaran Kovil

Vaitheeswaran Kovil Post

Sirkali Taluk

Nagapattinam District

PIN 609117

Temple Phone Number: 04364 279 423

Temples for the three forms of ShakthiDurga as Lalithambigai at Thirumeyachur, Lakshmi as Swarnavalli at Thilatharpanapuri & Saraswathy at Koothanur are all located near Poonthottam.

I have written separately about each of these three temples.