Posts Tagged ‘Lingam’

கோனேரிராஜபுரத்தில் உள்ள் உமா மஹேஷ்வரர் கோவிலை பற்றி முதல் முதலாக உஷா சூர்யமணி அவர்களின் ப்லாக்கை கண்டு அறிந்துகொண்டேன். கொன்னேரிராஜபுரம் திருவிடைமருதூரிலிருந்து தெற்க்கு திசையில் சுமார் 10 கி.மீ தொலைவில் உள்ளது. இந்த கோவில் வளாகம் திருனல்லம் என்று அழைக்கபடுகிறது. காவிரி நதியின் தெற்கில் உள்ள சோழ நாட்டின் தேவார ஸ்தலங்களில் முப்பத்தினாங்காவதாக கருதப்படுகிறது. செவ்வாய் மற்றும் வெள்ளி கிழமைகளில் இங்கு ஈசனை தரிசித்தால் சகல நன்மைகளும் கிட்டும் என கருதப்படுகிறது. இங்குள்ள மூலவரரின் பெயர் உமா மஹேஷ்வரர், அம்மன்னின் பெயர் மங்களநாயகி. இங்குள்ள ஸ்தல வ்ருக்ஷம் பத்ராக்ஷம். இந்த கோவிலின் தீர்த்தத்தின் பெயர் ப்ரம்ஹ தீர்த்தம்.

கோவில் குருக்கள் புகைபடம் எதுவும் எடுக்க வேண்டாம் என்று கேட்டுக்கொண்டதால் ஃப்லிக்காரில் உள்ள சில புகைபடங்களை எம்பெட் செய்துள்ளேன்.

இந்த திருக்கோவில் கன்டராத்தித்த சோழனின் மனைவி செம்பியன் மஹாதேவியால் புதுப்பிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதனை குறித்து இக்கோவிலில் ஏராளமான கல்வெட்டுக்கள் காணபடுகின்றன. கன்டராத்தித்த சோழன் மற்றும் செம்பியன் மஹாதேவியின் சிலைகளும் இங்கு காணபடுகின்றன. இக்கோவிலின் அன்றாட செலவுகளுக்காக ஏராளமான சொத்தை கோவிலுக்கு நன்கொடையாக செம்பியன் மஹாதேவி தந்துள்ளார்.

பஞ்சலோகத்தால் செய்யப்பட்ட, இங்குள்ள் மிக உயரமான நடராஜரின் சிலை, உலக ப்ரசித்தி பெற்றது. இந்த சிலை உருவாகியதற்கு பின்னால் ஒரு ஸுவாரஸ்யமான கதை உண்டு. இந்த கோவிலில் ஒரு அழகான நடராஜர் சிலையை ஸ்தாபிக்கவேண்டும் என்று செம்பியன் மஹாதேவியின் விருப்பம். தன் விருப்பத்தின்படி ஸ்தபதியிடம் ஒரு பஞ்சலோக சிலையை செய்ய ஆணையிட்டார். ராணியின் ஆணையின்படி ஸ்தபதியும் ஒரிரு சிலைகளை செய்ய அதை ராணி நிராகரித்தார். அவர்களுக்கு சிலை உயரமாகவும் உயிருள்ளதுபோல் தோற்றம் அளிக்கவேண்டும் என்று கூறிவிட்டார்கள். இத்தகையான சிலையை குறிப்பிட்டுள்ள நாட்களுக்குள் செய்து முடிக்கவேண்டும், அப்படி செய்யவிட்டால் ஸ்தபதியின் தலை துண்டிக்கபடும் என்றும் கூறிவிட்டார்கள். கால அவகாஸம் நெருங்க ஸ்தபதிக்கு கவலையும் ஆதங்கமும் ஏற்பட்டது. ராணியின் ஆசையின்படி ஒரு சிலையை செய்ய தனக்கு உதவுமாறு கடவுளை வேண்டிக்கொண்டார்.

அவர் கொதித்துகொண்டிருக்கும் பஞ்சலோகத்தை, தான் செய்துள்ள அச்சில் ஊற்றுவதற்காக தயாராக இருந்தார்இந்த சமயத்தில் அங்கு ஒரு வயதான தம்பதிகள் வந்தார்கள். அவர்கள் ஸ்தபதியிடம் குடிப்பதற்கு ஏதவது வேண்டும் என்று கேட்டுக்கொண்டார்கள். சிலையை சரியாக செய்ய முடியவில்லை என்று மன விரக்தியும் கோபமும் கொண்ட ஸ்தபதி இந்த தம்பதிகளை சரியாக கவனிக்கவில்லை.  “வேண்டும் என்றால் இந்த பஞ்சலோகத்தை பருகுங்கள்” என்று கூற, சற்றும் யோஸிக்காமல் அவர்கள் அதை பருகிவிட்டார்கள். இதை கண்ட ஸ்தபதி ஆச்சரியம் அடைந்தார். கண் மூடி கண் திறப்பதற்க்குள் அந்த முதிய தம்பதி  நின்றுகொண்டிருந்த இடத்திலேயே நடராஜரின் சிலையாகவும் பார்வதியின் சிலையாகவும் தோன்றினர். அப்பொழுது வேலை சரியாக நடக்கிறதா என்று காண ராஜாவும் ராணியும் அங்கு வந்தார்கள். சிலையை கண்டதுடன் அவர்களுக்கு ஆச்சிர்யமும் சந்தோஷமும் ஏற்பட்டது. சிலைகளில் நகங்களும் உடம்பில் உள்ள ரோமத்தையும் கண்டு அவர்கள் வியந்தன. இப்படி ஒரு அற்புதமான  சிலையை எப்படி செய்ய முடிந்தது என்று ஸ்தபதியிடம் கேட்டார்கள். ஸதபதியும் நடந்ததை கூறினார். கதையை கேட்ட ராஜா அது அவரது கற்பனை என்று கோபம் அடைந்து தன் வாளை ஓங்கினார். சிலையின் வலது காலில் வாள் பட, வெட்டுப்பட்ட சிலையிலிருந்து ரத்தம் பீச்சியடித்தது. ராஜாவிற்கு குஷ்டரோகம் ஏர்பட்டது. தன் குற்றத்தை உணற்ந்த ராஜா ஈசனிடம் மன்னிப்பு கேட்டார். ஈசனும் ராஜாவிடம் இந்த நோயிலிருந்து குணமடைய இங்குள்ள வைத்யனாதஸ்வாமிக்கு 42 நாட்கள் அபிஷேகமும் ப்ரார்தனையும் செய்யுமாரு கூறினார். அதன்படி செய்த ராஜாவும் குணம் அடைந்தார். இங்குள்ள வைத்யனாதஸ்வாமி சகல நோய்களையும் தீர்த்துவைப்பார் என்று பக்தர்களின் அசைக்கமுடியாத நம்பிக்கை. தன் குடும்பதில் ஒருவர் இங்குள்ள வைத்யனாதஸ்வாமியை வழிபட்டதால் கேன்சர் போன்ற கொடிய நோயிலிருந்து பூரண குணம் அடைந்ததாக உஷா சூர்யமணி தன் பிலாக்கிள் கூறியுள்ளார்.

பக்தர்கள் இந்த அற்புதமான சிலையை வெகு அருகிலிருந்து காணலாம். நடராஜரின் வலது பாதத்தில் சோழ மன்னனின் வாளால் ஏற்பட்ட காயத்தின் வடுவை காணலாம். இடது கையின் கீழ் பகுதியில் ஒரு மச்சத்தையும் காணலாம். குருக்கள், கையால் நடராஜர் சிலையை தடவினால் ரோமங்களையும் உணர முடியும் என்றார். நான் சிலையை தொட்டு பார்கலாமா என்று கேட்டபொழுது அனுமதிக்கவில்லை.

வைத்யனாதஸ்வாமியின் சன்னதி வெளி ப்ரஹாரத்தில் உள்ளது. வைதீஸ்வரன் கோவிலில் உள்ளதுபோல் இங்கும் முத்துகுமாரஸ்வாமியின் சன்னதி வைத்யனாதஸ்வாமியின் சன்னதிக்கு நேர் எதிரே உள்ளது.

தினம்தோறும் ஆறுகால பூஜை நடைபெருகிறது. வைகாசி மாதத்தில் ப்ரஹ்மோத்சவம், கார்திகை தீபம், ஆருத்ரா தரிசனம், சிவராத்திரீ, ஆடி பூரம், நவராத்திரீ மற்றும் கந்த ஷஷ்டி வெகு சிறப்பாக கொண்டாடபடுகிறது.

இந்த கோவிலில் நந்தி இல்லை. இத்தலத்தில் பூஜை செய்தால ஒன்றுக்கு பல மடங்காக பூஜா பலன் பெறுவர் என கூறபடுகின்றது. படிப்பில் மந்தமானவர்கள் மற்றும் ஞாபக சக்தி குறைவாக உள்ளவர்கள் இக்கொவிலில் உள்ள ஞான கூபம் என்ற கிணற்றுலிருந்து நீரை பருகினால் சிறந்த பலன் ஏற்படுவதாக ஒரு நம்பிக்கை உண்டு.

இருப்பிடம்:

மேப்பில் காண இங்கு க்லிக் செய்யவும்

கும்பகோணம் திருனாகேஸ்வரம் கொள்ளுமாங்குடி பேரளம் திருனள்ளார் பாதையில் உள்ள எஸ். புதூர் என்ற இடத்திலிருந்து சுமார் 3.5 கி.மீ தொலைவில் உள்ளது கோனேரிராஜபுரம். திருனாகேஸ்வரத்திலிருந்து 16 கி.மீ மற்றும் கும்பகோணத்திலிருந்து 23 கி.மீ தூரத்தில் உள்ளது. கும்பகோணத்திலிருந்து ஏராளமான பேருந்துக்கள் எஸ். புதூர் வழியாக செல்கின்றன. எஸ். புதூரில்லிருந்து ஆட்டோக்கள் மூலம் கோனேரிராஜபுரம் வந்தடையலாம். ஆடுதுறை ரயில் நிலையத்தில் இருந்து 8 கி.மீ தொலைவில் இத்தலம் உள்ளது.

ஆருகாமையில் உள்ள மற்ற ஆலயங்கள்

திருவீழினாதர் கோவில், திருவீழிமிழலை

மங்கலேஸ்வரர் கோவில், சிருகுடி

ஸேஷபுரீஸ்வரர் கோவில், திருபாம்புரம்

ஸ்ரீ ஸர்குனேஸ்வரஸ்வாமி கோவில், கருவேலி

ஸ்ரீ நீலகண்டேஸ்வரர் கோவில், திருனீலகுடி

ஆலய முகவரி

அருள்மிகு உமா மஹேஷ்வரர் கோவில்

கோனேரிராஜபுரம்

கோனேரிராஜபுரம் அஞ்சல்

தஞ்சாவூர் மாவட்டம்

பின் கோட் 612201

ஆலய தரிசன நேரம்: 

காலை 6 மணி முதல் பகல் 12 மணி வரையிலும், மாலை 4 மணி முதல் இரவு 8-30 மணி வரையிலும் திறந்திருக்கும்.

Financial abundance is of great importance to every human being. Good Health & Happiness (peace of mind) are the other two of the three foremost things that man prays to his Creator to bestow him with. Padikkasunathar temple at Alagaputhur near Kumbakonam is one such temple where the presiding deity blesses His devotees with financial prosperity. The main deity here is also known as Swarnapureeswarar. His consort at this temple is Alagammai or Azhagammai. The deity taken out in processions (Utsavar) during festivals is Somaskandar. The sthala vruksham is vilva. The Shiva Linga is a swayam bhu or self manifested. Alagaputhur is on the banks of the river Arasalar. The old name for this place is Arisilkaraipudur. This three tiered temple is believed to be about 2000 years old.

Padikkasunathar Kovil, Alagaputhur

Padikkasunathar Kovil, Alagaputhur

The priest at this temple was a staunch Shiva devotee who performed the daily pooja with great devotion along with all the customary offerings. Famine and poverty struck the whole region that was once prosperous. In spite of his poverty and the difficulty he had in making the ends meet, he never shirked from his “responsibility” of performing the daily poojas to the Lord. Please with his devotion, one night the Lord appeared in his dreams and granted a boon.  The priest wished that the village must become prosperous once again and that he himself should have enough to continue performing the daily poojas without any hurdle. As per his wish Lord Shiva left him one gold coin at the steps of the temple everyday. The priest used this to take care of the villagers and also to perform the daily pooja. Soon the famine was gone and the village became prosperous once again.

The descendents of that noble priest are still the priests at this temple.  The priest performed the padikasu pooja for us. We handed to him an even number of ten rupee notes for the pooja. After performing the pooja the priest gave us back half of them (that is the reason for taking even number of currency notes). The money retained by the priest is utilized for temple maintenance etc. The priest asked us to preserve the currency notes he gave us and also issued detailed instructions on performing poojas at home using these. Devotees believe that performing this ritual will bring prosperity.

Lord Muruga here is very unique. He is seen with the Conch and Discus that one normally associates with Mahavishnu. The story goes that it is the Conch and Discus given by Lord Vishnu to Muruga when He set out to wage a war on the demons. He is seen sitting on a peacock with His consorts Valli and Deivayanai. Since Muruga appears with both His consorts He is known as Kalyanasundara Shanmuga Subramanyar. The decoration in the background is in the form of Om.

Talking of Om, there is a story linking this temple to the Swaminatha Swamy temple at Swamimalai. Once Lord Brahma, the Creator was asked how he created life in the Universe. Lord Brahma replied that he used the Pranava Mantra. When Lord Muruga further asked Lord Brahma the meaning of the Pranava Mantra, Lord Brahma was stumped for an answer. An angry Muruga imprisoned Him and stripped Him of the responsibility of creation. He took upon the responsibility Himself. Lord Shiva approached Muruga and requested Him to free Brahma and reinstate Him as the creator. He also wanted to know the meaning of the Pranava Mantra. Lord Muruga taught Lord Shiva the meaning of this mantra at Swami Malai. Later, when Lord Shiva appealed to Lord Muruga again, He relented. He was also remorseful for having punished and insulted an elder for his ignorance. Lord Muruga performed penance on Lord Shiva at this temple and sought forgiveness. Lord Shiva pardoned Him and said that while pointing out of mistakes committed by the elders can be accepted, you should take sufficient care to ensure that it does not offend the elders.

This is one of the 275 Padal Petra Sthalams and all the four Great Saints have sung hymns in praise of the Lord at this temple.

Location:

Click here for the Map

This village is just about 2.5 Kames from Nachiyar Kovil on the Kumbakonam-Nachiyar Kovil-Tiruvarur route. It is about 7 Kms from Kumbakonam. This temple is almost on the State Highway. It is just a two-minute walk from the highway. The bus services are frequent and is well connected with the important places around here.

Other Nearby Temples

Nachiyar Kovil

Karuvalarkum Nayaki Temple, Karuvalarcheri

Uppiliappan Kovil

Thirunageswaram

Saranatha Perumal Kovil, Thirucherai

Kadan Nivartheeswarar Kovil, Thirucherai

Amirthakaleswarar Temple, Sakkottai

Siddhanathar Temple, Tirunaaraiyur

Ramanatha swamy Temple, Thirunaraiyur (This temple houses Saneeswaran, who is present with His wives and sons)

Travel Base: Kumbakonam

Temple Timings:

7 AM to 12 Noon & 4 PM to 8 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Padikkasunathar Kovil

Alagaputhur – 612 401

Thanjavur District

Phone: +91-435-2466939  Mobile: +91-99431-78294

Semmeninathar temple at Thirukkanur near Vishnampettai is one of the 275 padal petra sthalams. This is on the banks of River Coleroon or more commonly known as Kollidam River. Vishnampettai is special to me because it is the village of my maternal ancestors. I have spent the summer holidays in this small village with my brother, sister and cousins. My Great grandfather started the school at this village about 125 years ago, around the year 1885. His father had earlier started the School at Thirukattupalli which later became the Sir Siva Swamy Ayyar Higher Secondary school.

Karumbeswarar Temple, Thirukkanur

Karumbeswarar Temple, Thirukkanur

The Shiva lingam here is one of the 64 Suyambhu lingams. The Lord’s concert at this temple is Soundarya Nayaki and She is also known as Sivayoganayaki. The ambal here has not got a crown but is seen to be having Jadamudi (long braided hair). The theertham here is veda theertham. This temple is believed to be over 2000 years old. This temple was actually submerged in the sands on the banks of Kollidam. It was accidentally discovered by a shepherd. There was a single sugarcane tree at the spot where the temple was unearthed. Hence He is also known as Karumbeswarar; Karumbu meaning sugarcane in tamil. This temple was originally built by the Pandyas and was later renovated several times by the Cholas.

The Great Chola King Karikala Cholan was hiding in exile here. Karikala Cholan’s father died when Karikala was very young. His mother raised him in this village to protect him from enemies. When political normalcy returned, the Chola courtiers sent the royal elephant in search of the young Prince. The elephant found him here. Karikala Cholan went on to become one of the most renowned of the Chola rulers. He built the Kallanai or Grand Anicut on Cauvery. This dam is the oldest in the world and is more than 2000 years old. It is a nice little picnic spot about 20 kms from this village. Grand Anicut is just about 17 kms from Trichy or Srirangam. Wonder why this place is not as famous as it should be.

Lord Naraiyur nambi and nachiyar thayar preside here in a wedding posture. Special importance is given to thayar in this temple and always the first privilege to given to nachiyar. The prasadam is also first offered to the goddess only and nachiyar leads the procession in hamsa vahanam. There is a statue of garuda here in a separate sannadhi. During Garuda sevai, the number of people required to carry garuda through each of the five prakarams of the temple keeps doubling from 4 to 128 people. Again while coming inside the temple, the weight keeps decreasing and the number of persons carrying keeps reducing by half to final 4 who carry it into the sannadhi. Worshipping Kal Garuda is said to free devotees from naga dosha and bless childless couples. It is the only temple among the 108 divyadesams of srivaishnavas where God Naraiyur nambi has the conch and charka in front of his face. Also, only in this temple, there are idols of the presiding deities of the 108 divyadesams of Srivaishnavas. Another specialty of the temple is only in this divyadesam, there is brahma in standing posture inside the temple. How to reach The nearest town is Kumbakonam, 10 kms away. Buses from kumbakonam to tiruvarur stop at nachiyar koil. Since there are three more divyadesams on this route, it would be ideal to hire a private car or auto. Nearest railway station: Kumbakonam Sannadhis Naraiyur Nambi Vanjulavalli thayar (same sannadhi as the lord) Kal Garuda Yoga Narasimha Hanuman Sri Ram Chakrapani Pushkarni and Vimanam The temple tank I known as Mani mukthi nadhi theertham while the vimanam is named after the lord as “Srinivasa Vimaanam” Temple timings and Contact Details The temple is open from 6.30 am to 12.30 pm in the mornings and from 4.30 pm to 8.30pm in the evenings. Contact person is Sri Gopinathan Bhattar (9443597388).

A view of the Grand Anicut

Getting back to the story of the temple, Paravathi was once separated from Shiva and had come to the earth to perform Her penance to unite with Him. She found this village at Thirukkanur suitable for the same. Pleased with Her devotion, the Lord appeared before Her as a column of fire. Due to the heat He was red in colour and hence He came to be known as Semmeninathar; sem meaning red and meni meaning body in tamil. There is a belief that visiting this temple as a couple will clear all misunderstandings and result in a happy marital life. Reuniting with estranged spouse is also one of the benefits of praying at this temple.

This temple faces east and the sun’s rays fall on the lingam on the 2nd, 3rd & 4th of April. These days are special days at this temple when Lord Surya is believed to come here and worship the Lord.

Inside the Temple, Thirukkanaur

Inside the Temple, Thirukkanaur

The nandi at this temple is seen in a very unique posture. It can be seen with its front left leg planted on the ground and ready to get into a standing position. It is in a posture ready to execute instructions from Lord Shiva. Praying at this temple is said to improve career prospects and result in job for the unemployed.

Nandi at Thirukkanur

Nandi at Thirukkanur

Those who are afflicted with chronic illness can do puja to the Lord here with the Vilva leaves and get cured. People (especially women) who are facing hurdles in getting married can overcome these hurdles by offering garland of red arali (oleander) to Soundaryanayaki and then lighting a ghee lamp in her sanctum sanctorum. The childless couple are blessed with progeny by doing abhishegam to Shiva and Ambal and offering garland of erukkam flowers (Crown flower). Generally sweets are also offered to the God and Goddess. The Ambal at this temple is made out of Salagram stone.

Parasurama had pledged to wipe out 21 generation of Kshatriyas and did so. The slaying of the Kshatriyas by him resulted in him being afflicted with Kshatriya Hatti Dosham. He had prayed at 21 Shiva temples to get rid of the affliction. This was the eighth of those 21 Shiva temples.

Painting on the Ceiling, Thirukkanur

Painting on the Ceiling, Thirukkanur

This place was once ruled by the Pandyas. The Pandyas ruled though local Chieftains who ruled on behalf of the Pandyas. The local Chieftain here was very just and had taken good care of his subjects. The Cholas waged a war on the Pandyas and reclaimed some of the lost kingdom. During this time, the local Chieftain here was captured, while his wife was let off because she was pregnant. However, the Chola rulers also said that those who helped the woman would be banished from the Kingdom. The lady who was in the advanced stage of pregnancy was not helped by anyone at Thirukkanur due to the fear of being thrown out of the kingdom. She was heartbroken and angered by the conduct of the very same people for whom they had done a lot. She cursed that the whole village be submerged by sand, and so it did happen. The villagers then moved a little further away to Vishnampettai and settled there. An ancient name for Thirukkanur is Manalmedu (mound of sand).

Click here to listen to the temple priest narrating the sthala puranam in tamil

When you visit the temple, do not miss the bath in the Kollidam. You will find locals there on the banks of the river. Be sure to enquire with the locals before entering the river as Kollidam is notorious for quicksand. It is safe provided you know the areas to avoid.

Venugopala Vidyalaya, Vishnampettai, Started by my Great Grandfather - Kittu Sir.

Venugopala Vidyalaya, Vishnampettai, Started by my Great Grandfather - Kittu Sir.

Location:

 

 

Thirukkanur is about 4 Kms from Thirukattupalli and 30 Kms from Tanjore. From Trichy/Srirangam it is 35 kms.

Click here for the location of the temple.

Other Temples Nearby:

Thiruvaneswarar Temple for Pooratadhi Birth Star

Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple, Anbil

Agneeswarar Temple at Thirukattupalli

Temple Timings: 10 AM to 11.30 AM & 3.30 PM to 5 PM

This temple is not known and there are not many visitors excepting those tracing their roots to Vishnampettai. The timings given are only indicative and the priest who goes to a couple of other temples also nearby may tweak it to suit his convenience. Hence, it is advisable to call the temple priest and inquire before proceeding to the temple.

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Semmeninathar Thirukovil

Thirukkanur, Vishnampettai Post

613 105

Via Thirukattupalli

Thiruvaiyaru Taluk

Tanjore District

Temple Priest:

Sri Vivek +91-4362-320 067, +91- 93450 09344

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple

Posted: October 23, 2010 in Temples around Kumbakonam
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Vaitheeswaran Koil is my family’s “kula deivam”. A few months back my uncle told me about Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple near Vaitheeswaran Koil and mentioned that we should first pray at that temple before we offer prayers at Vaitheeswaran Koil. I visited this temple at Mannipallam village, in August 2010 and it was partially built. The main deity is Vaithyanatha Swamy and His consort here is Thayyalnayaki. Mannipallam village is about 6 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil. This village is about 2 to 3 kms from Thirupungur. Enquiries with the locals to know more about the temple drew a blank. I had an opportunity to visit this temple again in early October 2010. I enquired at Vaitheeswaran Koil and one of the priests told me that there were in fact five Vaithyanatha Swamy temples around Vaitheeswaran Koil and that they had featured in the latest edition of Sakthi Vikatan. Someone overheard my conversation with the priest and directed me to the temple office and meet Mr. Ramani, who is an electrician there. Mr. Ramani hails from Mannipallam and what he told me was very painful. He said that the village people could not rebuild the temple due to lack of funds and the temple was in ruins for a long time.

 

Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy, Mannipallam

Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy, Mannipallam

 

Shivalingam found below the main Shivalaingam

Shivalingam found below the main Shivalaingam

He was not sure if there were any tablets/inscriptions available to authenticate that this was the original site of Vaitheeswaran Koil. “Most of  the granite slabs with the inscriptions have been used by the villagers in their paddy fields to build bunds. Some others have been taken away to be used in washing the clothes”. Some of the idols from here had been removed and used in some nearby temples. He said that anti social elements started using the temple premises for their nefarious activities. According to Mr. Ramani, on one occasion when a village elder questioned these people’s behaviour, one of those hooligans smashed the idol of Ambal with a heavy object and Ambal’s hand was broken in the process. Within a fortnight or so of this incident, the person whose broke Ambal’s idol was involved in an accident and lost one of his hands. This, according to Mr. Ramani, made the villagers believe very strongly in the temple Deity. The villagers then decided that the temple has to be re-built. Efforts towards this was initiated around 2002.

 

Ambal at Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy temple Mannipallam

Ambal at Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy temple Mannipallam

When they started to re-build this temple and the Shiva Lingam was removed, they found a second Shiva Lingam below this. Both the Shiva Lingams are now present in this temple. Mr. Ramani gave me the contact details of one Mr. Paramanathan, also a native of this village and a TN State Govt official. Mr. Paramanathan has been the champion for building the temple. Over the last eight years or so there has not been much progress made, mainly due to lack of funds.

 

Main Gopuram Seen from Vaithyanatha Swamy's shrine

Main Gopuram Seen from Vaithyanatha Swamy's shrine

 

View of the Gopuram

They have not actively sought the help of others and have been managing only within their own resources.

 

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy, Vimanam

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy, Vimanam

Nandi at Adhi Vaithyanatha swamy temple, Mannipallam

Nandi at Adhi Vaithyanatha swamy temple, Mannipallam

Mr. Paramanathan can be contacted on +91-9444526253.

I appeal to my readers to send in their contributions for rebuilding this ancient temple.  Please do tell your like minded friends and relatives about this temple. I am posting some snaps that I took at this temple and also some printed material in Tamil that was sent to me by Mr. Paramanathan.

Below are the printed materials that I have received from Mr. Paramanathan. I request my blogger friends to post this information on their blogs to help reach out to more people. Thank you all in anticipation.

Contributions may be sent to:

Adhi Vaitheeswarar Seva Sangam (Regn No: 6/2003)

Via Thirupungur

Mannipallam

Mayiladuthurai Taluk

609 112

 

 

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil

 

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil Page 2

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil Page 2

About the temple with appeal for contributions

About the temple with appeal for contributions

Temple Location

Click here for the Location of the Temple

This temple is located at a distance of about 6 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil and about 2 Kms from Thirupungur.

Other Nearby Temples:

Thirupungur

Vaitheeswaran Koil

Thiruninriyur

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base at Mayiladuthurai or Vaitheeswaran Koil.

About a month back I visited a couple of temples on the outskirts of Chennai, Gnayiru Gramam and an hitherto unknown temple near Poondi.  Pushparatheswarar Temple at Gnayiru Gramam is one of the Navagraha temples around Chennai dedicated to Suryan.  The village itself gets its name from Suryan or Sun God, Gnayiru in Tamil means Sun.

Temple Gopuram

Temple Gopuram

I had first visited this temple about 8 years back and it was a balalayam.  It was unknown too. During that visit I had waited for an hour for the temple priest to come after finishing the rituals at another temple in a neighbouring village.  Today, the temple is getting popular.  I was pleasantly surprised to find that the temple has been renovated thanks to the efforts of the local villagers and few other devotees.  It is very well maintained too.  I would say that it is one of the better maintained temples that I have visited.  Work on the temple pond is still on and hopefully it should be ready in about 6 months.  I also found a rare tree here, in fact, the first time I have seen this tree.  Thiruvodu (begging bowl of the sanyasis) is a half of the outer shell of the fruit of these trees.  It is also used by them to drink or eat food from and is believed to prevent viral infections.

Thiruvodu Tree

Thiruvodu Tree

Thiruvodu Tree

Thiruvodu Tree

Thee are a few interesting legends behind this temple.  A Chola King was returning after successfully waging a war on a kingdom in Andhra Pradesh.  He camped at Cholavaram.  He was a staunch Shiva devotee and went in search of lotus to perform his daily pooja.  During his search he saw a pond full of lotuses.  One of the flowers was taller, bigger and more beautiful than the rest.  The King wanted this flower for the pooja and tried to reach the flower.  As the King neared the flower it moved away and was elusive.  After several futile attempts, the King was very angry and threw his sword at the flower.  The sword broke into pieces.  One of the pieces fell on a Lingam which was in the pond.  The pond turned red in no time because of the blood that was oozing from the Lingam.  This scar can still be seen on this Shiva Lingam.  The King fainted there. His horse fled from the scene before fainting.  Lord Shiva then appeared before the King and blessed him.  The King apologized to the Lord.  Lord Shiva asked the King to build a temple for the Lingam that was found in the pond.  The Shiva Lingam is a Swayambhu (self-manifested).  Here, Lord Shiva is known as Pushparatheswarar.  His consort here is Swarnabigai.  The God is also known as Poothereeswarar.  Both the names convey the same meaning; Poo or Pushpam means flower and ratham or ther means chariot.  Since the Lingam was found in Lotus, He got this name. Lotus is the flower that is offered to the God here.

Gnayiru Gramam, Praharam

Gnayiru Gramam, Praharam

Landscaped Praharam

Beautifully Landscaped Praharam

Here is the story on why this place got the name Gnayiru Gramam.  A Chola King was on a Pilgrimage to Kasi and was passing through this village.  He saw the beautiful lotus in the pond and as he tried to pluck the same he was blinded.  He prayed to the Lord that he would build a temple here on his way back from Kasi.  Immediately, his eyesight was restored in one eye. As promised he came to the village on his way back.  Lord Shiva appeared to the King and shone brightly on the lotus as Suryan.  The King then built a temple as instructed by the Lord and got back his eyesight in the other eye as well.  Since then, this place is known as Gnayiru Gramam and came to be known as a Surya Sthalam.  People come here to get themselves cured of eye related ailments.

Temple Tank

Temple Tank

The ancient temple here had shrines for Pushparatheswarar and His Consort Swarnambigai apart from shrines for Karaneeswarar, Kapaleeswarar, Jambukeswarar and Hiranyeswarar.  Inscriptions here suggest that some additions were also made by the Pandyas and Vijayanagar Kings.

In my earlier post on Suryanar Koil near Aduthurai, I had narrated the story behind the Navagrahas being cursed by Lord Brahma, as a result of which Suryan was afflicted with leprosy.  Suryan, during his pilgrimage to get absolved of the curse also visited this village.  He saw a pond filled with lotuses and was enamoured by its beauty.  Some of the lotuses even had a thousand petals.  Surya decided to stay here and offer His prayers to Lord Shiva.  As time passed, one fine day Lord Shiva was pleased with Suryan’s devotion and appeared as a Lingam in one of the lotuses and blessed Suryan.  A grateful Suryan built a temple for Him here.  Since Lord Shiva appeared from a lotus or a flower, He is known as Pushparatheswarar. Lord Shiva also gave Suryan an Akshaya pathram (a bowl which is always full).  Suryan blesses His devotees who pray to Him here with prosperity, good health and happiness.

Dhwaja Sthambam

Dhwaja Sthambam

Sage Agasthiyar, the author of Ādityahṛdayam is believed to have stayed here and worshipped Lord Shiva. Ādityahṛdayam is a sloka recited by Agasthiyar to Lord Rama in the battlefield before the fight with Ravana. The sage teaches Lord Rama the procedure of worshipping Suryan for strength and to gain victory over the enemy. Recting this sloka of about 30 verses everyday is said to be highly beneficial.  Here is a nice link explaining everything about Ādityahṛdayam.

Surya Moola Mantram: Aum hram hrim hraum sah suryaya namah.

Surya Gayathri: om ashwadhwajaaya vidmahae padma hasthaaya dheemahi tanno surya: prachodayaath

The navagraha temples around Chennai are as follows.

  1. Suryan Sthalam – Gnayiru Gramam, Surya Sthalam & Agastheeswarar Kovil, Kolapakkam
  2. Chandran Sthalam – Somanatheswarar Temple, Somangalam
  3. Chevvai Sthalam or Angakaran Sthalam – Vaitheeswaran Kovil, Poonamalee
  4. Budhan Sthalam – Sundareswarar Kovil, Kovur & Karaneeswarar Koil, Saidapet
  5. Guru Sthalam – Ramanatheeswarar Koil, Porur & Thiruvaleeswarar Koil, Padi
  6. Sukran Sthalam – Valleeswarar Kovil, Mylapore, Valleeswarar Kovil, Mangadu
  7. Saneeswaran Sthalam – Agastheeswarar Kovil, Pozhichalur
  8. Rahu Sthalam –  Nageswarar Temple, Kunrathur
  9. Kethu Sthalam – Neelakanteswarar Kovil, Gerugambakkam

Location:


Gnayiru Gramam is located at a distance of about 10 Kms from Red Hills (Chenkundram).  There are buses available from Red Hills to Gnayiru Gramam.  Route numbers T 57, 58 A and 58 G ply from High Court to Gnayiru Gramam.

Click here for the map

Travel Base: Chennai.

Temple Timings: 7 AM to 12 Noon & 4 PM to 8 PM (3 PM to 8 PM on Sundays)

Temple Address:

Pushparatheswarar Temple

Gnayiru Gramam

Via Cholavaram

Chennai 600 067

Phone: 044- 29021016, Mobile: +91- 99620-34729.

PS:  After worshipping at this temple, we proceeded towards Poondi to visit Shree Agneeswarar Temple at Neyveli (near Thiruvallur).  The story behind its discovery and the subsequent events are quite interesting.  I came to know about this temple through Raju’s blog.

Here are a couple of photos of this temple from that visit.

Location of this temple – view Map

Shiva Lingam covered by Cement bags

Shiva Lingam covered by Cement bags

Temple under Construction

Temple under Construction

I visited Bangalore with my family about 3 weeks back and used the opportunity to visit Sri Pancha Lingaeshwara Temple or Naganatheshwara Temple at Begur, which is about 25 Kms from MG Road. This small hamlet is off Bomanahalli on Hosur Road.  This temple is believed to be 1300 years old and has been built by Sri Kulatunga Raja the First of Chola Dynasty, and Sri Rajasimhanandi of Talakad Ganga Dynasty.

Nageshwara Swamy is the Presiding Deity of this temple and His consort is Parvati.  Nageshwara Lingam is the most important and the oldest amongst the five lingams in this temple.  A unique feature of this temple is that there is an idol of Suryan facing the Nageshwara Lingam ie facing west.  There are idols of Vinayakar, Chamundeswari, Kala Bhairavar, Vishnu, Chandran and Kasi Vishwanathar.  There are carvings of Ashta Dhika Palakas.

An interesting fact about this temple is that there are specific spots where the devotees need to stand and pray to derive the maximum benefit.  While praying to Nagalingeshwara or Nageshwara Swamy, stand right below the colourful Yantra painted on the ceiling.  Praying to Nageshwara Swamy is said to relieve mental stress, mental depression, diseases, protection from black magic & enemies.


Choleshwara Lingam is a 4 ft tall Lingam and there is a 2 ft Nandi opposite to this Lingam.  Unmarried girls pray here, standing below the carving of Ashta Palakas and Uma Maheshwari for removal or obstacles in their marriage and for a good matrimonial alliance.

Kali Kamateshwara is about 3 ½ ft tall.  The idol of Kali is behind a small Lingam is about 1 ft tall.  Devotees stand below the lotus carving on the ceiling to pray for Progeny, favourable & early settlement of legal disputes, good health and protection from enemies.

It is noticeable that the Nandhi is not placed directly opposite to this Lingam.  The reason attributed is that it is not auspicious to face the angry form of Shakthi directly.

Nagareshwara Lingam is a huge 5 ft Lingam and is the tallest of the Lingams in this temple.  The nandi is also tall at 4 ft.  Like at Nageshwara Shrine, there is Nandhi opposite to the Lingam and there is an idol of Suryan behind the Nandi facing the Lingam.  The idol of Suryan is again facing west.  Worship benefits at Nagareshwara Swamy’s shrine include; good Business prospects, career advancement, prevention and cure of skin diseases.

Kalinga a serpent God is believed to be residing inside this temple and blessing the devotees.  Saptha rishis and the Ashta Dhika Palakas are supposed to perform poojas here every night.

Karaneshwara Lingam is the last and smallest of the Lingams in this temple at 2 ½ ft.  There is also a small Nandhi in front of this Lingam.  Stand on the right hand side of the shrine as you face the shrine and pray for relief from stomach and intestine related ailments, stand on the left hand side of the Shrine for relief from paralysis, nervous problem and brain disorders; stand right behind the Nandi and pray for relief from hearing and other ear related problems.

There is a separate shrine for Parvati.  The Goddess’s idol is about 5 ft tall.  Praying to the Goddess cures one of blood related diseases including blood cancer, apart from being blessed with peace and happiness.  The Navagrahas are present near the shrine of Parvati.

The Vinayakar at the entrance is indeed very rare.  Two handed Vinayakar is found only in two other places viz Pillayarpatti near Karaikudi and in Afghanistan.  While at Pillayarpatti His trunk is turned to the right and is known as Valampuri, here His trunk is turned to the left and is known as Edampuri.  You can experience a unique vibration if you place your forehead right at the feet of this Vinayakar.

Location:

 

This temple is near Bommanahalli off Hosur Road about 25 Kms away from MG Road.

Click here for the map

Travel Base: Bangalore

 

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

 

There is an interesting story behind Brahma not having many temples dedicated to Him.  Once, Vishnu and Brahma had a dispute as to who amongst the two was superior.  They approached Shiva and asked Him to play Judge.  Shiva then appeared as a huge Lingam and said that whichever of the two saw the feet and the head of the Lingam and returned first would be adjudged superior to the other.  Brahma took the form of a Swan and went in search of the head while Vishnu took the form of a Boar and dug into the earth to reach the feet.  Vishnu accepted defeat and returned. Brahma was not the one to accept defeat so easily.  He saw a Thazhampu or Ketaki (common name – Fragrant screw pine) coming down.  On enquiry the flower said that it was coming from top of the Shiva Lingam.  Brahma enlisted the flower to testify before Shiva that Brahma had indeed reached the top of the Lingam.  When they both approached Shiva and claimed Brahma’s victory, Shiva was very angry with Brahma for having told a lie and with Ketaki flower for false testimony about Brahma’s “discovery” of the top of the Lingam.  He cursed them both.  He cursed that henceforth Brahma would not be worshipped and would not have Temples built for Him.  He also cursed the flower that it would not be used in any religious ritual.  There are possibly just a couple of temples where Brahma is the main deity.  There are a few other temples where Brahma is given importance and has separate shrine.  Thirupattur or Thirupidavur near Trichy is one such temple.

In my earlier post on Uthamar Koil or Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, I had narrated the story of Brahma’s fifth head being plucked off by Shiva and the travails of Shiva due this act and finally His absolution.  This temple at Thirupattur is connected with that same story.  Brahma went on Pilgrimage of Shiva temples after He lost His fifth head and also being stripped of the responsibility of creation.  In the course of His pilgrimage, Lord Brahma also visited this temple and installed 12 lingams around Bramhapureeshwarar and worshipped Shiva here for a very long time.  Shiva, on Parvathy’s recommendation liberated Brahma from the curse and restored the power and responsibility of creation to Brahma. Shiva also blessed Brahma that He would have a separate shrine at this temple. He also instructed Brahma that since Brahma himself had His destiny rewritten here for the better; Brahma should rewrite the destinity of His devotees visiting this temple. While Shiva was absolved of the Brahmahatti dosham at Bitchandar Koil and Thiru Kandiyur, Brahma was absolved of His sin here.

Brahma Theertham, Thirupattur

The 12 Lingams of Lord Shiva which were installed by Brahma are Sri Bhramapureeswara, Sri Pazamalainathar, Sri Pathalaeswarar, Sri Sudharaneeswarar, Sri Thayumannar, Sri Sabthagereswarar, Sri Kalathinathar, Sri Jambukeswarar, Sri Kailasanathar, Sri Arunachaleeswarar, Sri Ekambreswarar, Sri Manduganathar.  These lingams housed in separate shrines are seen around the Brahma theertham.  Brahma theertham is the pond from which Brahma took the water for performing puja to Shiva.

Names of the 12 Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur

 

A view of two of the shrines housing Lingams installed by Brahma, Thirupattur. Brahma Theertham is in the foreground.

 

Brahma Pureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur

Since Lord Shiva absolved Brahma of His sins, He is known as Brahmapureeswarar in this temple.  The lingam here is a Swayambhu (self manifested) lingam.  His consort here is called Brahma Sampath Gowri (The one who gave Brahma’s wealth back) or BrahmaNayagi.

Brahma’s shrine is in the circumambulatory corridor of Brahmapureeswarar’s shrine.  The 6 ft tall deity with an eternal covering of turmeric paste or manjal kappu can be seen in padmasana posture on a lotus.

The Jeeva Samadhi of Patanjali Munivar is located near Brahma’s shrine.  A pathala lingam is also located close the shrine.

There are seven doorways through which we have to go before reaching the sanctum sanctorum of Brahmapureeswarar, which is at a distance of 300 metres from the main entrance. What is amazing is that the main deity is clearly visible from the main entrance. That’s not all. The Sun’s rays still can fall directly on the Shivalingam for three days every year viz., 15th, 16th and 17th of the Tamil month Panguni. These dates are approximately the 3rd, 4th and 5th of April.

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil 1

 

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirupattur, Sthala Perumai in Tamil

 

More information can be had from the official Website of the Temple here.

Location:

Thirupattur (or Thirupidavur) is around 35 km from Trichy on the Trichy – Chennai Highway.  While driving from Trichy, take a left near Siruganur and the temple is about 6 km here.  It is at a distance of about 16 km from Samayapuram (Mariamman temple).

Click here for the map

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base as Trichy which is just about 35 Kms from here.

Other temples nearby:

Bitchandar Koil or Uthamar Koil

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple

Ekambareswar and Thandayutha Pani Swami Temples, Chettikulam

Thirupainjili

Temple Timings: 6AM to 1 PM and 4 PM to 9 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmighu Brahmapureeswarar Koil

Tirupattur 621105

Trichy Taluk

Trichy District.

Thiruvidaimarudhur

Mahalingaswamy Temple at Thiruvidaimarudhur near Kumbakonam is one of the three Shiva temples having Marudha tree as its sthala vruksham.  The other two are Sri Sailam (Andhra) and Thiruppudaimarudur, Ambasamudram.  As this is located between the two it is known as Thiruvidaimarudhur (Thiru + Idai + marudhur); thiru, Idai and Marudhur meaning Sacred, middle and place where Marudha tree is the sthala vruksham.  The presiding deity in this temple is Mahalingeswarar.  His consort is Brihathsundarakujambigai or Nanmulainayaki.  Some consider this temple equivalent to Kasi.  The pooja is first performed to Mahalingaswamy in this temple and only then to Vinayakar.  This is a huge temple with three praharams (circumambulatory paths).  They are ashvamedha praharam, kodumudi praharam and pranava praharam.  Ashvamedha praharam is the outermost praharam and circumambulation of this Praharam equals the benefit of performing an Ashvamedha Yagnam.  Benefits include; relief from illness caused due to seivinai (evil spirits). Kodumudi Praharam is the middle one, and circumambulation of this Praharam is equivalent to circumambulation of Mount Kailash which is the primary abode of Lord Shiva.  The innermost praharam is the Pranava Praharam or Omkara Praharam. Circumambulation of this Praharam will result in Moksham (liberation from all sufferings and pain).

Paintings depicting the story of the temple, thiruvidaimarudhur

 

Paintings depicting the story of the temple, thiruvidaimarudhur

 

Mahalingeswarar here is the main deity of the Parivara sthalams.  Parivara Sthalams are a group of temples which together form a much larger temple.  The Presiding deity of such a huge temple is Mahalingeswarar at Thiruvidamarudhur.  The Group of temples which form this large temple is as follows:

  1. Mahalingeswarar at Thiruvidaimarudhur
  2. Vinayakar at Thiruvalanchuzhi
  3. Murugan at Swamimalai
  4. Ambal at Thirukkadaiyur
  5. Dakshinamurthy at Alangudi
  6. Navagraha Sannidhi at Suryanar Koil
  7. Saneeswaran at Thirunallar
  8. Durgai at Patteeswaram
  9. Chandikeswarar at Sengalur
  10. Bhairavar at Sirkali
  11. Natarajar at Chidambaram
  12. Somaskandar at Tiruvarur
  13. Nandikeswarar at Tiruvavaduturai

There are four other main Lingams viz Viswanathar, Rishipureeswarar, Aatmanathar and Chokkanathar around the Presiding Deity.  Since there are five Lingams, this place is a Panchalinga sthalam. Apart from these five Lingams there are also Lingams dedicated to each of the 27 nakshatrams (Birth Stars).  All these 27 birth stars installed a Lingam each and worshipped Lord Shiva here.  This is the temple for performing parihara pooja (remedial pooja) for the malefic effects of the Birth stars.

Story of Chandran and the 27 Nakshatram, Thiruvidaimarudhur

 

This temple is closely connected to the life of a Pandya King by name Varaguna Pandyan.  Once when Varaguna Pandyan was returning from a hunting expedition, his horse accidentally trampled upon and killed a Brahmin.  Since he was the cause of the death of a Brahmin he was afflicted with Brahmahatti Dosham (Sin due to murder of Brahmin).  As a result, he was constantly haunted by the Brahmin’s ghost. The King prayed to Somasundarar at Madurai seeking relief from this sin.  Lord Somasundarar appeared in the King’s dream and directed him to pray Him at Thiruvidaimarudhur for relief.  Thiruvidaimarudhur was under Chola rule and they were bitter enemies of the Pandyas.  There was a war between the two in which the Cholas were defeated.  The King then visited the temple at Thiruvidaimarudhur as per the Divine guidance and prayed to Lord Mahalingeswarar.  He entered the temple through the Eastern entrance and the Brahmahatti and the ghost could not enter the temple and waited outside the temple for the King to return.  As advised by Mahalingaswamy, the King left by the Western Gopuram (Tower) and hence got rid of the Brahmatti dosham and the Brahmin’s ghost.  Even today, devotees use different gopurams to enter and exit the temple premises.

Method of worship, Thiruvidaimarudhur

 

 

The Shiva Lingam here is a swayambhu (self manifested) Lingam.  In the process of teaching and demonstrating the Worship procedures to the Seven Great Sages, Lord Shiva is believed to have worshipped himself here.  Lord Shiva blessed Markandeyan by appearing before him in the form of Ardhanareeswarar.  There is a shrine for Mookambiga in this temple which is to the south of the Goddess’ shrine.  Apart from Thiruvidaimarudhur the only other place in India to have a shrine for Mookambiga is Kollur in Karnataka.

Location:

Click here for Map

Thiruvidaimarudhur is 8 kms from Kumbakonam on Kumbakonam Mayiladuthurai Road.  There are frequent buses from Kumbakonam.


Temple Timings: 6 AM to 12 Noon 4 PM to 9 PM

Other Temples nearby:

Thirumangalakudi and Suryanar Koil

Sivayoginathar temple at Thiruvisanallur

Karkadeswarar temple at Thirundudevankudi

Rahu temple at Thirunageswaram

Uppiliappan Koil

Thirubuvanam Kambahareswarar Temple

Neelakandeswarar Temple, Thiruneelakudi

Govindapuram

Sengalur

Temple Address

Arulmigu Mahalingaswamy Temple

Thiruvidaimarudhur 612104

Tanjavur District

Temple Phone Number: 0435 – 2461946, 2460660

 

Gnanavalli sametha Sara Parameswarar koil at Thirucherai is known as the temple for debt relief. Lord Shiva here is known by different names like Udayar, Senneriyappar and Sara Parameswarar.

Gnanambigai Amman

 

Saraparameswarar

Markandeya installed a Lingam here and worshipped the same.  Lord Shiva fulfilled his prayer for prosperity of the people of this region.  The Rinavimochaneswarar Lingam is in the outer praharam (Circumambulatory path).  The general belief is that worshipping Lord Shiva here helps improve the financial status and be debt-free.  It is just the superficial meaning. However there is a deeper meaning to this. Debt includes financial debts and not limited to it.

Most of us are not aware of the other debts.  According to scriptures, every human being is born with three types of debts. They are Deva rina (debt to God), Rishi rina (debt to Sages or Rishis) and Pitru rina (debt to ones ancestors). There are also well-defined means of repaying these debts. If a man does not repay these debts in his lifetime he will have another birth to repay. There is no escape from repaying these debts.

A man clears off his debt to God by performing poojas, visiting temples and most important of all – being good to fellow human beings & other living things and respect to nature. Any act of service goes to repay the debt to God.

The ancient Rishis or sages had framed a set of rules or Code of Conduct which are to be followed by all human beings. The second set of debts i.e. debt to Rishis can be repaid by following and adhering to the Code of Conduct laid down by the Rishis. A man can repay his debt to the Rishis.

Pitru Rina is repaid by performing Shrardham to ones ancestors and performing ones duty to his/her parents.

There also a set of rules called nithya karmas (daily duties) which are to be adhered to.  According to the scriptures, every Grihastha or family man has to perform these six duties as follows:

  1. Should wake up in the Brahma Muhurtham (one and a half hours before sunrise) – According to the scriptures, sleeping during the Brahma Muhurtham destroys all virtues and is a sin. At this time the environment is calm and without any disturbances. According to Ayurveda life-force is at its peak during this time when the atmosphere is ozone rich. The pale blue light that appears in the horizon during the mornings is full of energy. It is very good for both the mind and the body.
  2. Immediately on waking up, look at your palms because Lakshmi, Saraswathi and Brahma reside in our palms.  This is an auspicious beginning to the day and is supposed to bring good fortune.
  3. Pay your respect to Mother Earth.  Mother Earth bears the burden of all the living things in this world.  A biological mother takes care of us until we are grown up, but Mother Earth showers her care and love on us from our birth right through our lifetime until our death.  She provides us food, clothing and shelter.
  4. After this, having a glimpse of a mirror, gold, diamond, sandal, conch or mridangam (a South Indian percussion instrument) is considered auspicious.
  5. One must prostrate to father, mother & Guru Every day.
  6. Then purify your mind. Ensure that you only think good thoughts. Sprinkle water on your head after chanting the following slokam.

OM APAVITHRAH PAVITHRO VA SARVAAVASTHAAM GATOPIVA,
YA SMARET PUNDAREEKA AKSHAM SA VAAHYA BHYANTARAH SHUCHIH

ATINEEL GHANSHYAMAM NALINAYAT LOCHANAM
SMARAMI PUNDAREEKAKSHAM TEN SNATO BHAVAMYAHAM

We should also take bath in the evening and worship.  We commit a lot of sins inadvertently during the day. We unknowingly kill a lot of small organisms while we walk, cook etc. In our evening prayer, we seek apology for such unintentional sins.

Mondays are very special for Lord Shiva.  Worship Kadan Nivartheeswarar, as Rinavimochanar is also known, for eleven consecutive Mondays here.  This would not be practical for most of us. However, when you visit the temple you can register your name (mention your birth star, gothram, names of your other family members and their birth star) for the archana (roughly translated as series of mantras or slokas chanted in praise of God) that will be performed on eleven Mondays.  The cost for this is Rs.165/-.  The prasadam is sent every week and will reach you every Wednesday/Thursday for eleven consecutive weeks.  At the end of the eleventh week, or at any later date, you may visit the temple and take part in an abhishegam (ablution) that is done every Monday. The timings of the abhishegam (ablution) are 6 AM, 11 AM and 6 PM. You can choose the time according to your convenience. The whole ritual takes about two to three hours. The cost of taking part in this abhishegam (ablution) is Rs.250/-.  Before this abhishegam (ablution), flower is distributed to the devotees and then taken back during the abhishegam (ablution).  This signifies that you have paid back your debts. Eleven is a special number for Shiva as there are eleven forms of Rudra Shiva.  Abhishegam (ablution) to Shiva is done with eleven materials as prescribed in the Shiva Agamas (Shiva worship rules).  The abhishegam (ablution) materials are

  • Gingely oil
  • Pancha kavyam (mixture of five ingredients i.e. milk, curd, ghee and cow’s urine)
  • Panchamrutham (mixture of five ingredients i.e. fruits, jaggery, ghee, honey and sugar)
  • Ghee
  • Milk
  • Curd
  • Honey
  • Cane juice
  • Lime juice
  • Tender coconut water
  • Sandal paste

There are a fairly large number of people that join in this worship ceremony. During this ritual, a priest recites the Dharidriya Dhahana Shiva Stotram over a public address system and the devotees are encouraged to repeat after him.  Thus worshiping at this temple absolves us of the three debts viz Deva Rina, Rishi Rina and Pitru Rina, apart from being blessed with prosperity.  Reciting the Dharidriya Dhahana Shiva Stotram thrice a day also is said to yield the same benefits. I have appended the same for ready reference.

 



Dharidhraya Dhahana Mantram

Dharidhraya Dhahana Mantram

 

Dharidhraya Dhahana Sthothram

Dharidhraya Dhahana Sthothram

On the 13th, 14th and 15th of the Tamil month Masi, the Sun’s rays fall directly on the Shiva Lingam.  It is a belief that Surya Bhagavan comes down here to worship the Lord on these days.  In the inner praharam, there are Sannidhis (sanctum sanctorum) for Amrithakadeswarar and Abhirami worshipped by Markandeyar.  There are also three niches of Durga viz. Shiva Durga, Vishnu Durga and Vaishnava Durga.

After worshipping Rinavimochanar, pray to Mahalakshmi and Jyeshtadevi.  This ensures that you stay debt-free for the rest of your life.

Perform Archana to Bhairavar on eight consecutive ashtami (eighth day from New moon or full moon) and Abhishegam (ablution) on the ninth ashtami. The belief is that, if you follow this procedure, success in your endeavours and victory in any litigation, will be yours.  Bhairavar also removes the navagraha dosham (malefic effect caused by a planet which is in an unfavourable position in ones horoscope).

Location:

Click here for Map

Thirucherai is located about 15 Kms from Kumbakonam on the Kumbakonam Tiruvarur Road.

 

Other temples nearby:

Saranatha Prumal temple at Thirucherai, where there are 5 forms of Lakshmi, Mahalakshmi, Sridevi, Bhoodevi, Neeladevi and Saranayaki.

Nachiyar Koil

Kudavasal

Oppiliyappan Koil

Thirunageswaram

Boarding & Lodging

Have your travel base at Kumbakonam, which is very close to this place.

Temple address:

Arulmigu Sara Parameswarar Thirukkovil

Thirucherai – 612605

Kumbakonam Taluk.

Phone: 0435-2468001

S. Sundaramurthy Gurukkal

Temple Priest

2/45-B, South Street,

Thirucherai – 612605

Kumbakonam Taluk.

Mobile: 91-9442637759, 91-9443737759

Patteeswaram – Durga Temple

Posted: March 14, 2010 in Temples around Kumbakonam
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Patteeswaram, near Kumbakonam is famous for its Durga temple. This temple is fairly big and well-maintained one.  There are five majestic gopurams (towers).  The temple seems to have been built and rebuilt several times with additions made to the original temple at various times.  The evidence of this is in the temple’s architecture which has the styles of the Pallavas, Cholas and the Nayaks. The presiding deity at this temple is Dhenupureeswarar and his consort is Gyanambigai. Patteeswaram is one of the Parivara Sthalam.  Mahalingaswamy at Thiruvidaimarudhur has the Parivara devatas in various temples flung as far away as Sirkali and Thiruvalanchuzhi.  The group of temples that form a large temple with Thiruvidaimarudhur Mahalingaswamy as the main deity is called Parivara Sthalams.

Dhenupureeswarar Temple, Patteeswaram

Dhenupureeswarar Temple, Patteeswaram

Legend has it that Rama had installed a Shivalingam here to get rid of his sin or dosham.  Rama was afflicted by three Doshams or sins for killing Ravana.  He could get rid of these sins by installing a Shivalingam and do penance.  Though, Rama was an incarnation of Vishnu, He had taken the birth as an ordinary human being to show people the way and be a role model.  He was an Avatara Purushan or one who sets an example. He had to undergo all the trials and tribulations that a normal human being undergoes and demonstrate the virtues of righteousness while surmounting the problems.  Like any other mortal, He had to face the consequences of His actions and had to perform the necessary pariharam (remedial poojas) to attain papa vimochanam (absolution of the sin).  The first of his three sins was Brahmahatti dosham, because he had killed Ravana who was a Brahmin.  He was absolved of the sin by installing a Shiva Lingam at Rameswaram.  His second sin was Verrahatti dosham, because Ravana was also a great warrior.  Rama installed another Shiva Lingam at Vedaranyam to be absolved of this sin.  His third sin was Chaya Hatti dosham because Ravana was a great exponent of fine arts and an ardent devotee of Shiva.  He was absolved of this sin when he installed yet another Shiva Lingam at Patteeswaram.  These three Lingams are known as Ramalingam.   Rama created a well here to perform ablutions or abhishegam to the Shiva Lingam that he had installed here.  The well thus created by him is said to have brought the holy waters of Dhanushkodi here. Near this well is a niche of Anjaneyar.

Kamadhenu’s daughter Patti, worshipped Lord Shiva here.  She used to perform abhishegam or ablution to the Shiva Lingam with her milk, hence the name Patteeswaram.

As in Thirupungur, the Nandi has shifted to a side here.  The reason attributed goes thus.  On a hot summer day, Thirugnanasambandar, a child poet, was on his way to Patteeswaram to worship the Lord.  Since Sambandar was a small child and the intense heat could make him weak, Dhenupureeswarar had a canopy of pearls erected along the way to make it cool and comfortable for his young devotee.  Dhenupureeswarar could not wait for Sambandar to come to His Sanctum to see him.  He asked Nandi to move aside so that He could see His devotee as he entered the temple. There is an annual festival in the tamil month of Ani to commemorate this incident.  This special festival is called ‘Muthupandal’.  A palanquin of pearls is lifted in a procession that starts at noon from Sakthimutram and concludes at Patteswaram.

There is a tank in front of the temple.  The Pillayar installed near the tank is known as Agnya Ganapathy.

Though the temple here is a Shiva temple, the temple is known for the Durga here.  Durga is considered to be the combined force of all the Gods to destroy the evil forces. Durga in Sanskrit means a fortified or well protected place. Durga protects the mankind from the evil forces.  She removes the negative thoughts such as selfishness, envy, hatred anger and ego. The shrine for Durga is near the Northern entrance of the temple.  Cholas are believed to have originally installed this deity in their fort.  The idol was removed and installed here at this temple after the fall of the Chola dynasty.  Along with the idol of Durga, the idols of Swarnaganapthy, Shanmuga and Bhairavar were also shifted to this temple from the fort.  These four deities were guarding the four entrances of the fort. The Cholas were ardent devotees of Durga and always worshipped Durga before going to war or when they were faced with making an important decision.

The Durga here is a Shanta Swarupi (calm or peaceful countenance). She is seated on her vehicle Lion and is seen with here foot on Mahishasura.  The Goddess appears in Tribanga (three curved) posture. Durga here is ashtabhuja or with eight hands.  She is seen holding conch, discuss, bow, arrow, sword, shield and a parrot in Her hands.

She has three eyes and jewels adorn her ears.  An unusual aspect of this Durga is that her vehicle – the lion – is seen facing the left side instead of the right side, which is usually the case.  Goddess Durga here is considered to be very divine and powerful who showers Her blessings on Her devotees.  People afflicted with Rahu and Kethu Doshas worship at this temple during Rahu Kalam; for, it is believed that during the Rahu Kalam, Rahu worships the Goddess everyday.  Worshipping Her on Tuesdays, Fridays, Sundays, New Moon days and Full Moon days and Ashtami and Navami (8th and 9th day from the new moon or full moon day) is considered special.  People throng this temple to seek the blessings of Durga in finding suitable match for their daughters.  Locals vouch that the prayers are always answered.

Worship of Durga is considered very important in Kaliyuga.  The worship of Goddess Durga removes the effect of all types of black magic, unfavourable effect of negative planets, Bad luck, health problems, problems due to enemies etc

Offerings of Sarees and garland of lemon are made to the Goddess.  Offering red floral garland alleviates Chevvai Dosham (the adverse effect of Mars).

The Bhairavar here blesses his devotees with protection from enemies, good health, and cure from any venomous bite.  Lord Patteeswarar blesses His devotees with peace of mind and career advancement.

Durga Mantram

Durga Mantram


Location:

Click here for map

Patteeswaram is just about 10 Kms from Kumbakonam.  It is at a distance of about 3 Kms from Darasuram off Darasuram Valangiman Road. There are frequent buses plying between Kumbakonam and Patteeswaram. Buses operating on route nos. 8,11,25,35,61,62 and 67 stop at Patteeswaram. A few buses plying between Kumbakonam and Tanjore also go via Patteeswaram.

Other temples nearby:

Thiruvalanchuzhi

Swamimalai

Kumbakonam

Thirunallur

Airawateswarar temple at Darasuram

Boarding & Lodging:

Kumbakonam and Swamimalai are very close to this place.  A lot of options are available for an overnight stay to suit various budgets.

Temple Timings

Monday-Sunday (Except   Friday): 6 AM to 1 PM, 4PM to 9 PM

Friday: 6 AM to 1 PM, 4AM to 10 AM

Friday (During Aadi Month): 4 AM to 1 PM, 4PM to12 Mid Night

Temple Address

Arulmigu Dhenupureeshwar Thirukkovil,

Sri Durga Sthalam,

Patteswaram

Kumbakonam,

Thanjavur Dist

Phone: 0435 2416976

Temple’s Website: http://www.patteeswaramdurga.org