Posts Tagged ‘navagraha kshetram’

Nachiayar Kovil is on Kumbakonam Tiruvarur road about 10 kms from Kumbakonam. This temple built by Kochengat Cholan is one of the many Mada temples (built at an elevation to prevent elephants from entering them, read my post on Thiruvanaikaval to know more) that he built. As per the wishes of the Lord he built this temple after he had built 70 Sivan temples. The presiding deity Srinivasa is present with His Consort Vanjulavalli Thayaar. The Lord and His Consort are both present in the same sannadhi and are seen in Kalyana Kolam. Vanjulavalli Thayar or Nachiyar Thayar is given prominence in this temple. Even inside the sannadhi one can notice that Thayar is accorded importance. She is so placed that one can have Her darshan right from the entrance. This is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This is one of the Vaishnava Navagraha Parihara Sthalams and corresponds to Chevvai.

Kal Garudar. Nachiyar Kovil

Kal Garudar. Nachiyar Kovil

The legend goes that Sage Medhavi who lived in Nachiyar Kovil prayed to Lord Vishnu to have Mahalakshmi as his daughter. True to this prayer, the sage found a beautiful girl child under Vanjula tree and named her Vanjulavalli. The girl grew up and was of marriageable age. Lord Vishnu, one day manifested himself into five forms and arrived at the sage’s ashram as guests. They were accorded a warm welcome by the Sage’s disciples. Vanjulavalli also served them a delicious meal. After the meal as Vanjulavalli helped them by pouring water to wash their hands, Vasudeva suddenly held her hand and she cried for help. Sage Medhavi came there on hearing his daughter’s cries and saw that all the five forms of Vishnu became one and gave him the darshan as Mahavishnu. Mahavishnu asked the Sage for his daughter’s hand in marriage. Sage Medhavi agreed to this. He also sought the boon of eternal salvation from the Lord. All living beings at this place that gave the Lord his wife and food should also attain eternal salvation. Last but not the least, he asked for the boon that his daughter should always be given prominence. From then on, this temple has been known as Nachiyar Kovil and as per the wish of the Sage, the Goddess is given prominence over the Lord.

Nachiyar Kovil

Nachiyar Kovil

Sthala Perumai in Tamil, Nachiyar Kovil

Sthala Perumai in Tamil, Nachiyar Kovil

Vishnu’s Pancha Vyuha forms of Sankarshana, Pradyumna, Anirudha, Purushottama and Vasudeva are found in the sanctum sanctorum.

It is said that Garuda was the one to trace Mahalakshmi to this place and led Mahavishnu here. As a mark of gratitude, Lord Vishnu has blessed Garudan to receive equal status at this temple.

Kal Garudan is the vahanam of the Presiding Deity at this temple. The Garudan made of stone is seen just outside Perumal’s sannadhi. The Kal Garudan is very famous for a strange phenomenon. During the annual festivals in the Tamil months of Margazhi & Panguni, Kal Garudan is taken out in procession through the four mada streets. It is observed that as He is taken away from the temple, His weight increases exponentially with more number of people required to carry Him, increasing from 4 people to 8, 16, 32 and 64. As the procession approaches the temple again, the weight of Kal Garudan reduces and the number of people required to carry Him also reduces from 64 to 4. During these processions, the Lord is carried by Garudan and Thayar is on Her vehicle which is Swan. It is quite well known that Swan is a slow moving bird while Garudan or Eagle is a fast moving one. However, during these processions, Thayar on Annam or Swan moves faster than Lord on Kal Garudan. This is because people carrying the Kal Garudan are hampered by the weight and are not able to move fast. This seems to fulfill the Lord’s promise to Sage Medhavi that the Thayar will always be given prominence here.

It is said that as the sculptor was creating the Kal Garudan, the idol started flying just after he had sculpted the wings. The astonished sculptor is believed to have thrown a stone to bring the idol down again. Kal Garudan has since then made this His abode and bless all devotees.

Kal Garudan is the Vara Prasadhi at this temple and answers all the wishes of the devotees are fulfilled by praying to Him on nine consecutive Thursdays. He removes the naga doshams, blesses childless couples with progeny, removes obstacle in marriage etc.

Some interesting facts about this temple are

  • The Presiding Deity holds the Chakra and Conch in front of His face.

  • Idols of the Presiding Deities of all the 108 Divya Desams are presnt in this temple.

  • Brahma is believed to have worshipped Lord Vishnu here and can be seen in a standing posture inside the sanctum sanctorum

  • South facing Paramapada Vasal or Sorga Vasal

There is a tank by the side of the temple. It is called Mani Mutharu. There is an interesting story behind the name. Garuda was bringing a diamond ornament for the Lord from Thiruparkadal or the Celestial Ocean. A diamond or mani in tamil fell into the water of this tank causing a degradation in its value to that of a pearl or muthu. Hence the name Manimutharu.

Nachiyar Kovil is also famous for Brass Sculpting. Finely crafted Kuthivilakku or oil lamps are made here and in neighbouring villages. These artisans are heriditary sculptors who have been making utsava idols (idols taken out in procession during festivals) for many temples.

Temple timings: 6.30am –12.30pm and 4.30pm-8.30pm

Temple Location: This temple is 10 Kms from Kumbakonam on Kumbakonam Tiruvarur Road. All buses on this route stop at Nachiyar Kovil.

Other Temples Nearby:

Ramanathaswamy Temple, Thirunaraiyur

Padikkasunathar Temple, Alagaputhur

Thirucherai Saranatha Perumal Temple

Tirucherai Kadan Nivartheeswarar Temple

Uppiliappan Koil

Thirunageswaram Rahu Temple

Karukkakkum Nayaki Temple, Karuvalarcheri

Prathyangara Devi Temple – Ayyavadi

Temple Address:

The Executive Officer,

Arulmigu Srinivasa Perumal Kovil,

Nachiyar Kovil – 612602,

Tanjavur District.

Telephone Number 0435-2467167

Somangalam, a village close to Chennai is the seat of Kamakshi Amman Sametha Somanatheswarar Koil. This temple is one of the nine temples dedicated to navagrahas around Porur. This is a Chandran Sthalam. The village itself gets its name from Chandran or Soman as he prayed to The Lord at this temple to get rid of his sin.

SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

King Dakshan gave all his 27 daughters in marriage to Chandran. Those 27 wives of  Chandran are the 27 stars in Tamil Calendar. As Chandran’s favourite was Rohini and he spent most of his time with her, the others complained about this to their father. King Dakshan asked Chandran to treat all of them equally, which Chandran refused.  An angry Dakshan, cursed Chandran that all his beauty and brightness will disappear slowly everyday. A worried Chandran, on the advice of Lord Brahma, then performed penance on Lord ShivaLord Shiva appeared before him and adorned his forehead with the crescent-shaped Chandran. Shiva then came to be known as Chandrasekaran also.  He blessed Chandran to regain his beauty and brightness slowly day by day.  This waxing period of the moon is called Sukla Paksham or Valarpirai.  Chandran gets back all his beauty and attains full brightness on Full moon day or pournami.  From Pournami to the full moon day he again starts loosing his beauty and brightness till the New moon day or Ammavasai.  This waning period of the moon is called Krishna Paksham or Theipirai.

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There is also another interesting story pertaining to the waxing and waning periods of Chandran, which goes thus.  When Lord Vishnu was distributing the Amrutham amongst the devas, at the behest of Sukracharya, one of the asuras in the guise of a deva consumed the nectar. Suryan and Chandran noticed this and complained to Lord Vishnu.  An angry Vishnu used his chakrayudham (discus) to cut the asura into two and threw them away. The head joined with a snake’s body to become Rahu Bhagavan. The body portion kept growing because the asura had consumed Amrutham.  This later joined with the head of a snake and became Kethu Bhagavan.  Now, Rahu and Kethu did not forgive Suryan and Chandran.  Rahu went after Chandran and started consuming him.  This is one of the temples that Chandran prayed to Lord Siva and got his blessings. Shiva blessed Chandran with the power to grow back to full size in 15 days after being consumed by Rahu.  That is why we have the waxing and waning moon.  Shiva also blessed Chandran by adorning Chandran on his forehead so that anyone who prays Shiva will have to pray Chandran.

Chandran. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

Chandran. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

Inscriptions in the temple have brought to light the fact that this temple was built by Kulothunga Cholan. There are also details about various repair works and donations made to the temple by various rulers and the affluent from time to time. These include mention of donation of cows for meeting apart of the daily pooja expenses at the temple. This temple has been reconstructed several times over the years. Somaskanthan the local king, was one of those who constructed this temple. The King had channelled all his resources to the temple construction. While in the midst of the temple construction, an enemy King saw the opportunity and mounted an attack. The king was totally taken aback and was absolutely not expecting or prepared for this. He prayed to The Lord here to save him and his kingdom. The Lord immediately obliged by directing His vehicle Nandhi to fight the advancing army of the enemy. Nandhi is supposed to have blown away the enemy with one big snort. Lord Shiva then directed Nandhi to face East permanently and guard the kingdom against future attacks. The Nandhi is seen with his back to Lord Shiva and facing East. This is a rare feature in any Shiva temple.

SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

The main shrine is a Gajaprushta vimanam, which resembles the back of an elephant in sleeping posture. There is a separate shrine for Kamakshi Amman facing South. Vinayakar, Dakshinamurty, Mahavishnu, brahma, Durga and Sandigeswarar are all present as Koshta murthys like in all Shiva temples. There is a separate shrine for Lord Murugan present with His wives Valli and Deivayanai. There are separate shrines for Bhairavar, Suryan and of course Chandran.

Gajaprushta Vimanam. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

Gajaprushta Vimanam. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

People pray here for getting rid of marriage obstacles, progeny, mental illness etc. There are two theerthams associated with this temple – Chandra theertham is located a bit away from the temple and Chandeeswara theertham is located adjacent to the temple.

Nagar under the Sthala Vruksham. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

Nagar under the Sthala Vruksham. SOMANGALAM, CHANDRAN STHALAM

 

 

Location: There are frequent buses from Kunrathur to Somangalam. The temple is about a kilometre from the Somangalam bus stop.

Bus Routes: 578 A Vadapalani to Sriperumbudur

88M Broadway to Somangalam

M18S Broadway to Somangalam

M88R Broadway to Amarambedu

M89 Porur to Somangalam

Temple Timing: 8 AM to 10 AM & 5 PM to 7 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Kamakshi Amman Sametha Somanatheswarar Temple,

Somangalam

Kancheepuram District

PIN 602 109

Sri Agastheeswarar Temple at Kolapakkam, near Porur, is one of the Navagraha temples around Chennai, expecially Porur. This temple is Surya Parihara Sthalam. There is a seperate shrine for Suryan facing West. Suryan is accorded prime importance in this temple. The Lord here got the name Agastheeswarar because Agasthyar the Great Sage is believed to have worshipped Lord Shiva here. His consort is Anandavalli. The Lord here was also worshiped by another Sage called Vakeesa and hence He is also known as Vakeeswarar.

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

The Sthala Vriksham is Arasa Maram or Peepal tree. The holy theertham is Amritha Pushkarni.

Kala Bhairavar is another very powerful Deity in this temple. Special puja is performed every Sunday to Kala Bhairavar during Rahu Kalam. Devotees believe that their wishes are fulfilled by worshiping Kala Bhairavar here for six consecutive Sundays. Offerings of red cloth, red flowers and wheat are made by the devotees to Suryan.

 Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

There are seperate shrines for Pillayar – known as Raja Ganapathy at this temple, Kasi Vishwanathar and Visalakshi, Kala Bhairavar, Lord Muruga with his wives Valli and Deivayani. The peacock which is the vahana or vehicle of Lord Muruga is made out of green coloured granite and is known as Maragadha Mayil. There is also the Rinavimochana Lingeshwarar who is supposed to free His devotees of all debts. According to scriptures, every human being is born with three types of debts. They are Deva rina (debt to God), Rishi rina (debt to Sages or Rishis) and Pitru rina (debt to ones ancestors). There are also well-defined means of repaying these debts. If a man does not repay these debts in his lifetime he will have another birth to repay. There is no escape from repaying these debts. Read more about how to rid of these debts in my post on Kadan Nivartheeswarar Temple at Thirucherai.

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Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

According to inscriptions, this temple has been built and rebuilt several times at various times by many Kings of various Dynasties. Some of them are Raja Raja Chola I, Raja Raja Chola II, Aditya Chola, Rajendra Chola and Sundara Pandyan. Vijakanda Gopala a Telugu Chola King and Vijaya Maharaja of Sumatra have also patronised and contributed to the temple at various times. The area surrounding temple also seems to have been the seat of Budhdhist activity in this region. Archeological evidence pointing to this has been unearthed by the ASI.

Here is a report in The Hindu on these findings by the ASI.

The temple was almost in ruins in 1998 before it was rebuilt. I have posted some snaps of how the temple looked prior to 1998.

 Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, Kolapakkam

Suryan Sthalam, KolapakkamThis is one of the Navagraha temples around Chennai. The list is as follows

  1. Suryan Sthalam – Gnayiru Gramam, Surya Sthalam & Agastheeswarar Kovil, Kolapakkam

  2. Chandran Sthalam – Somanatheswarar Temple, Somangalam

  3. Chevvai Sthalam or Angakaran Sthalam – Vaitheeswaran Kovil, Poonamalee

  4. Budhan Sthalam – Sundareswarar Kovil, Kovur & Karaneeswarar Koil, Saidapet

  5. Guru Sthalam – Ramanatheeswarar Koil, Porur & Thiruvaleeswarar Koil, Padi

  6. Sukran Sthalam – Valleeswarar Kovil, Mylapore, Valleeswarar Kovil, Mangadu

  7. Saneeswaran Sthalam – Agastheeswarar Kovil, Pozhichalur

  8. Rahu Sthalam –  Nageswarar Temple, Kunrathur

  9. Kethu Sthalam – Neelakanteswarar Kovil, Gerugambakkam

Location: Kolapakkam is on the outskirts of Chennai. It can be reached from Mount Poonamalee road. At the Ramavaram signal you can take a left turn into Manapakkam and this road will lead to Kolapakkam which is about 3 Kms from there. This can also be approached from Porur – Kunrathur Road through Gerugambakkam which is the neighbouring village and site of one of the other eight Navagraha temples around Porur. This can also be reached from Pozhichalur neighbouring Pammal and Pallavaram which is where the Saneeswaran temple is located. One has to cross a small causeway over Adyar river, so this route may not be very ideal during the rainy season. Moreover, these internal roads are not very well maintained.

Temple Timings: 7 AM to 11 AM & 4 PM to 8 PM (Timings subject to change on special days and important festival days)

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Anandavalli Sametha Agastheeswarar Koil

Kolapakkam

Chennai 602 122

Jagannatha Perumal Temple at Nandhipura Vinnagaram is one of the 108 Divya Desams. This temple is more commonly known as Nathan Koil. As this temple resembles the Puri Jagannatha temple, it is also known as “Dakshina Jagannatham”. This place was once a forest of Shenbagam flowers and hence is known as Shenbagaranyam, meaning forest of Shenbagam. The moolavar or main deity of this temple is Srinivasan or Nathanathan.The utsavar (the deity taken out in processions) is known as Vinnagara Perumal or Jagannatha Perumal. His consort is Shenbagavalli Thayar. The Lord is present in a sitting posture, with sword, bow, chakram (discus), sangu (conch) and Dandam (stick) in his hand, under the Mandara Vimanam facing west. The holy water is Nandhi Theertham. This village was established by Chola King Nandhivarman. He also built this temple here.

Jagannatha Perumal Koil, Nandipura Vinnagaram

Jagannatha Perumal Koil, Nandipura Vinnagaram

Nandi – Lord Shiva’s vehicle – is associated with the legend connected to this temple. Nandi once wanted to have the darshan of Lord Vishnu and proceeded to Vaikuntam. At the entrance, he was stopped by the dwarapalakas (sentries) of Vishnu. An arrogant Nandhi tried to force his way in, because of which the dwarapalakas cursed him. As advised by Lord Shiva, Nandi went to Shenbagaranyam near Kudamuku (Kumbakonam) and performed penance to Lord Vishnu. The Lord appeared before him and absolved him of the sin. This is the reason for the place being called Nandhipura Vinnagaram. A niche of Nandi is seen on the outer wall of this temple.

The Lord here was originally facing east. Sibi Chakravarthy’s story is attributed to the reason for the Lord facing west. Sibi Chakravarthy was a righteous King who was known for his truthful and just ways. Once, Dharmaraja decided to test him. A pigeon that was being chased by an Eagle came to the King seeking asylum. The King promised to protect the pigeon. The Eagle that soon came there wanted the pigeon to satisfy his hunger. The King was faced with a dilemma because he had to save the life of the pigeon that had sought protection. At the same time, he could not deny the eagle of its right and let it stave. He offered his own flesh equivalent to the weight of the pigeon in lieu of the pigeon’s life. The eagle agreed. Any amount of flesh from his body would not suffice to equal the weight of the pigeon. The King finally offered his whole body to the eagle. Dharmaraja who was in the form of the eagle and Indran who was in the form of the pigeon were pleased with the King’s commitment to protect the weak. The Lord at Nathan Koil is supposed to have turned towards West to witness this event.

There is also yet another reason attributed to the Lord facing west. There was a misunderstanding between Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi because of which they were separated. Lakshmi wanted to win back a place in the Lord’s heart and was performing penance at Shenbaranyam facing east. Pleased with Her devotion the Lord gave her darshan. Since He was already facing East, He had to turn towards west for gicing Her the darshan. This happened on Ashtami (8th day from New moon or full moon) of Shuklapaksham (waxing period of the moon, period from new moon to full moon), which was a friday in the tamil month of Aipasi. Since the Lord and His consort were reunited at this place, praying at this temple can ease tensions in marital life. Praying here will reunite one with his/her separated spouse.

Sri Sooktha Homam is performed here on the shuklapaksha ashtami days. Performing this homam on eight consecutive shuklapaksha ashtamis will result in the devotee being blessed with prosperity, fulfillment of desires and overall happiness.

Nathan Koil is one of the Vaishnava Navagraha sthalams around Kumbakonam. It is associated with Chandran. Chandra dosha parihara pujas are performed at this temple on Mondays.

Location:

Click here for the map

Nandhipura Vinnagaram is about 9 kms from Kumbakonam. It is in the Keezha Pazhayarai area, which was the ancient capital of the Cholas. Patteswaram famous for it Durga temple is just about 3 Kms from here. This is a remote village. The buses to this place are not very frequent. Take a bus from Kumbakonam that goes towards Udalayur. Alight at Keezha Pazhayarai and the temple is about a kilometre from there.

Other temples nearby:

Patteeswaram Durga Temple or Dhenupureeswarar Temple.

Sakthivaneswarar Temple – Thiru Sakthi Mutram

Sargunalingeswarar Temple – Marudhanallur

Karuvalarkum Nayaki Temple, Karuvalarcheri

Airavatheeswara Temple, Darasuram.

Somanathar Temple, Pazhayarai.

Temple Timings:

6.30 am- 12noon and 4pm-8pm

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Jagannatha Perumal Koil,

Nathankoil,.

Pambai Padayur P.O.  – 612 703.

Tanjore District,

Tamil Nadu.

Phone : 91-435-2417575

Temple Priest: Sri Prabhakara Bhattacharya

Mobile : 91-98430-95904 / 91-94437-71400


Related Articles

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple

Posted: October 23, 2010 in Temples around Kumbakonam
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Vaitheeswaran Koil is my family’s “kula deivam”. A few months back my uncle told me about Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple near Vaitheeswaran Koil and mentioned that we should first pray at that temple before we offer prayers at Vaitheeswaran Koil. I visited this temple at Mannipallam village, in August 2010 and it was partially built. The main deity is Vaithyanatha Swamy and His consort here is Thayyalnayaki. Mannipallam village is about 6 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil. This village is about 2 to 3 kms from Thirupungur. Enquiries with the locals to know more about the temple drew a blank. I had an opportunity to visit this temple again in early October 2010. I enquired at Vaitheeswaran Koil and one of the priests told me that there were in fact five Vaithyanatha Swamy temples around Vaitheeswaran Koil and that they had featured in the latest edition of Sakthi Vikatan. Someone overheard my conversation with the priest and directed me to the temple office and meet Mr. Ramani, who is an electrician there. Mr. Ramani hails from Mannipallam and what he told me was very painful. He said that the village people could not rebuild the temple due to lack of funds and the temple was in ruins for a long time.

 

Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy, Mannipallam

Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy, Mannipallam

 

Shivalingam found below the main Shivalaingam

Shivalingam found below the main Shivalaingam

He was not sure if there were any tablets/inscriptions available to authenticate that this was the original site of Vaitheeswaran Koil. “Most of  the granite slabs with the inscriptions have been used by the villagers in their paddy fields to build bunds. Some others have been taken away to be used in washing the clothes”. Some of the idols from here had been removed and used in some nearby temples. He said that anti social elements started using the temple premises for their nefarious activities. According to Mr. Ramani, on one occasion when a village elder questioned these people’s behaviour, one of those hooligans smashed the idol of Ambal with a heavy object and Ambal’s hand was broken in the process. Within a fortnight or so of this incident, the person whose broke Ambal’s idol was involved in an accident and lost one of his hands. This, according to Mr. Ramani, made the villagers believe very strongly in the temple Deity. The villagers then decided that the temple has to be re-built. Efforts towards this was initiated around 2002.

 

Ambal at Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy temple Mannipallam

Ambal at Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy temple Mannipallam

When they started to re-build this temple and the Shiva Lingam was removed, they found a second Shiva Lingam below this. Both the Shiva Lingams are now present in this temple. Mr. Ramani gave me the contact details of one Mr. Paramanathan, also a native of this village and a TN State Govt official. Mr. Paramanathan has been the champion for building the temple. Over the last eight years or so there has not been much progress made, mainly due to lack of funds.

 

Main Gopuram Seen from Vaithyanatha Swamy's shrine

Main Gopuram Seen from Vaithyanatha Swamy's shrine

 

View of the Gopuram

They have not actively sought the help of others and have been managing only within their own resources.

 

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy, Vimanam

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy, Vimanam

Nandi at Adhi Vaithyanatha swamy temple, Mannipallam

Nandi at Adhi Vaithyanatha swamy temple, Mannipallam

Mr. Paramanathan can be contacted on +91-9444526253.

I appeal to my readers to send in their contributions for rebuilding this ancient temple.  Please do tell your like minded friends and relatives about this temple. I am posting some snaps that I took at this temple and also some printed material in Tamil that was sent to me by Mr. Paramanathan.

Below are the printed materials that I have received from Mr. Paramanathan. I request my blogger friends to post this information on their blogs to help reach out to more people. Thank you all in anticipation.

Contributions may be sent to:

Adhi Vaitheeswarar Seva Sangam (Regn No: 6/2003)

Via Thirupungur

Mannipallam

Mayiladuthurai Taluk

609 112

 

 

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil

 

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil Page 2

About Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple in Tamil Page 2

About the temple with appeal for contributions

About the temple with appeal for contributions

Temple Location

Click here for the Location of the Temple

This temple is located at a distance of about 6 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil and about 2 Kms from Thirupungur.

Other Nearby Temples:

Thirupungur

Vaitheeswaran Koil

Thiruninriyur

Boarding & Lodging:

Have your travel base at Mayiladuthurai or Vaitheeswaran Koil.

Thiruvenkadu – Budhan Temple

Posted: January 23, 2010 in Navagraha Temples, Temples around Kumbakonam
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Thiruvenkadu, one of the navagraha sthalams, is the Budhan sthalam dedicated to Planet Mercury.  Thiruvenkadu’s Sanskrit name is Shwetaranya and both literally mean – sacred white forest. This is also called Adhi Chidambaram and the Chidambara Rahasyam is also here. As seen in Chidambaram, Vishnu is near Nataraja. It is situated 15 kilometers away from Vaitheeswaran Koil, on the Sirkali – Poompuhar road. Here the Lord is Shwetaranyeswarar and His consort is Brahma Vidyambal.  Indran, Airavatam, Budhan, Suryan and Chandran are said to have worshipped Shiva here. Thiruvenkadu is one of the six places considered to be equivalent to Kasi.  The other five are  Rameswaram, Srivanchiyam, Gaya, Thiriveni Sangamam & Thilatharpanapuri

Marutwasura, an asura, was troubling the Rishis and the people of Thiruvenkadu.  The people prayed to Lord Shiva.  Lord Shiva sent Nandi (Bull) – his vahana, to fight the demon. Marutwasura was defeated by Nandi and thrown into the sea. Marutwasura through his penance obtained sula – from Lord Shiva.  The demon then returned with greater intensity to attack the innocent people.  Once again, at the request of the devotees, Shiva sent Nandi.  However, on this occasion, Nandi could not fight the demon as the demon had the Sula of Shiva.  The demon caused wounds on Nandi’s back with the Sula.  The idol of Nandi which bears scars on its body is seen here.

An angry Shiva opened his Third Eye and killed the demon.  The idol of Aghoramurthy, a manifestation of Shiva’s anger, is installed in Thiruvenkadu. Worshiping Aghoramurthy, especially on Sunday nights is considered important and special.

 

There is also another story of Swetaketu associated with Thiruvenkadu.  Swetaketu’s story is similar to that of Markendaiyan.  Swetaketu was destined to die at the end of his eight year but the Lord prevented Yama from taking His devotee’s life.

Lord Shiva is known to have performed his seven forms of dance or Tandavam viz Ananda tandavam, Sandhya tandavam, Samhara tandavam, Tripuranta tandavam, Urdhva tandavam, Bhujanga tandavam and Lalita tandavam here.  The three holy tanks here, known as Agni Theertham, Surya Theertham and Chandra Theertham are believed to have been created out of the three drops which fell from Lord Shiva’s eyes when he was dancing.  Another rare feature is that the deity is present here with five faces viz Easanam, Tatpurusham, Aghoram, Vamadevam and Sadyojatam.  They represent direction and an aspect of Lord Shiva.  Easanam is facing the sky and represents purity, Vamdevam faces north and represents sustenance, Tatpurisha faces east and represents spirituality that has destroyed the ego, Aghoram faces south and represents the destructive and regenerative aspect of Shiva,  Sadyojatam faces west and represents creation.

Shiva Panchanana Stotram

Praleyachala mindu kunda davalam goksheera phena prabham,
Bhasmabhyanga mananga deha dahana jwaala valee lochanam,
Vishnu brahmarul ganarchitha padanjargwedha nadhodhayam,
Vandeham sakalam kalanga rahitham Sthanormukham paschimam. 1

Gouram kumkuma pangilam suthilakam vyapandu ganda sthalam,
Broovikshepa kadaksha veekshshana lasad samsaktha karnodhphalam,
Snighdham bimbaphaladharam prahasitham neelala kalamkrutham,
Vande yajusha veda gosha janakam vakthram harsyotharam. 2

Samvarthagni thadith prathaptha kanaka praspardhi thejo mayam,
Gambeera dhwani sama veda janakam thamradharam sundaram,
Ardhendu dhyuthi phaala pingala jata bhara prabhadhoragam,
Vande sidha surasurendra namitham poorvam mukham soolina. 3

Kalabhra bramaranjana dhyuthi nibham vyavartha pingekshanam,
Karnodhbasitha bhoghi masthaka maniprothphulla damshtrakuram,
Sarpa prothaka pala shukthisaka lavyakeernasachhekaram,
Vande dakshina meswarasya vadanachaadharva vedhodhayam. 4

Vyaktha vyaktha niroopitham cha paramam shad thrimsa thathwadhikam,
Thasmad uthara thatwa maksharamithi dheyyam sada yogibhi,
Omkaaradhi samastha manthra janakam sookshmadhi sookshmam param,
Vande panchamamneeswarasya vadanam Kham vyapi thejo mayam. 5

Yethani pancha vadananbi Maheswarasya,
Ye keerthayanthi purusha sathatham pradoshe,
Gachanthi they Shiva purim ruchirair vimanai,
Kredanthi nandana vane saha loka palai.

There are three sthala vrikshams here – Vilvam, Vadaval and Konrai.  Bhadhra Kali amman has a separate shrine.  There are separate shrines for ashtalakshmi and Navagrahas. Navagrahas are installed in a row. The three holy tanks here, known as Agni Theertham, Surya Theertham and Chandra Theertham are believed to have been created out of the three drops which fell from Lord Shiva’s eyes when he was dancing.

 

Pooja: The native of a horoscope may suffer from lack of progeny, nervous problems and may not do well in academics and other arts, if Budhan is unfavourably placed.  Worshiping Budhan on Wednesdays here will alleviate the problems occurring out of Budhan dosham.  Malefic effect of Budhan can cause problems related to respiration like asthma and bronchitis, speech impediments and nervous disorders. Budhan is considered as the wisest of all the planets.  Budhan is associated with intellect and knowledge; hence those who are not doing well in studies should worship Budhan here. Budhan blesses one with good education, knowledge, eloquence, music, astrology, mathematics, sculpture, medicine, scholarship in languages.  Offer Green cloth & Full Green Moong Daal (pachchai paruppu) to Budhan here.

Recite the following mantras facing North East, which is the direction of Budhan.

Budhan Moola Mantram: Aum bram brim braum sah budhaya namah

Budhan Gayathri: aathreyaya vidhmahe indu putraya dhimahe thanno budha prachodhayath

Other Budhan Temples:

Sundareswarar Temple at Kovur near Chennai

Boarding & Lodging: This is a small village and do not expect anything here excepting a few petty shops.  It will be a good idea to buy prasadam from the temple.  Venn pongal, puliyodharai, chakkarai pongal and curd rice are all available as prasadam.  Travel base can be Vaitheeswaran Koil, Thirukadayur or Mayiladuthurai.

Other Temples Nearby:

Vaitheeswaran Koil

Keezhaperumpallam (Kethu Sthalam)

Thirukadaiyur Abhirami Temple

Location:

View the Location Map

15.5 Kms from Sirkali (Off Sirkali – Poompuhar Road)

14 Kms from Vaitheeswaran Koil

16.6 Kms from Thirukadaiyur

8 kms from Keezhaperumpallam (Kethu sthalam)

28 kms from Mayavaram

Temple Timings: 6 AM to 1.00 PM and 4 PM to 9 PM.

Temple Address:

Arulmighu Swetharanyeswarar Temple

Tiruvenkadu

Tiruvenkadu Post

Sirkazhi Taluk

Nagapattinam District PIN 609114

Temple Phone Number: 04364 256 424

Vaitheeswaran Koil – Angarakan Temple

Posted: January 22, 2010 in Janma Rasi Temples, Navagraha Temples, Temples around Kumbakonam
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Pullirukuvelur, one of the most important Saivite shrines is popularly known as Vaitheeswaran Koil. Vaidhyanathaswamy or Vaitheeswaran (God of Medicine) got his name as He had cured Angarakan of his Leprosy here. Before I proceed further, I would like to inform about the Adhi Vaithyanatha Swamy Temple at a Village called Mannipallam, about 6 Kms from here. Click on this link to read more about that temple.

 

Vaidyanathaswamy is the main deity here and His consort is Thayyalnayaki ambal. She stands with the medicinal oil to cure the diseases of the devotees. Lord Subramanya, a very important deity here, is known as Selva Muthukumaraswamy.  It is to be noted that Chevvai is ruled by Lord Subramanya. During Lord Subramanya’s fight with Tharakasuran – brother of Surapadman – there was a lot of casualty on both sides leaving many dead and injured.  Lord Shiva obliged Lord Subramnya’s prayer to treat the injured.

Chevvai is supposed to have been born out of a drop of sweat that fell from Lord Shiva’s forehead onto the Earth.  Another version is that Chevvai is the Son of Sage Bharadwaja and that Mother Earth brought him up.  Yet another story goes thus; Veerabhadra was created by Lord Shiva from his Third Eye (Netrikann) to disturb the yaga of Dakshan (Lord Shiva’s Father-in-law).  The Devas were terrified by the havoc created by Veerabhadra.  Veerabhadra who became conscious of this fact then calmed down and attained the status of a celestial planet and came to be known as Chevvai.  He is red in colour and hence known as Chevvai.

Chevvai or Angarakan is present in two forms – Utsavar (the idol that is taken out in procession during festivals) is near the Vaithyanathaswamy sannidhi (shrine) and the moolavar (the idol that is  placed permanently in a place) is in the Eastern side of the outer praharam (circumambulatory path). The Utsava Murthy, mounted on a goat, is taken out in a procession inside the temple premises every Tuesday.  There is a small shrine to Lord Dhanvantari in the praharam (circumambulatory path) around Vaitheeswaran’s Sannidhi (Sanctum sanctorum).

Siddhamruta Theertham, a big tank opposite to Ambal’s shrine, is known to have medicinal property.  Devotees believe that taking bath in these waters cures them of their diseases, especially skin diseases. Angarakan was cured of his leprosy after a dip in the holy water here. It is also known as Goksheera  (Go means cow and ksheera means milk) Theertham, as Kamadhenu’s milk flowed into this tank when she performed abhishegam to the deity here with her milk. It tastes sweet like a cane juice and hence known as Ikshusara (ikshu means cane and sara means juice) Theertham.  Jatayau had his bath here and hence it is also known as Jatayu Theertham. Devotees buy jaggery from one of the many shops outside the temple and dissolve it in the water here. However, these days the temple administration is very conscious about keeping the water clean and discourage this practice.  A separate bin has been placed near the temple tank to deposit the jaggery.  After a dip in the tank or prokshanam (sprinkling water on ones head), have the darshan of Vinayakar and then offer salt and pepper opposite to Ambal’s shrine. You could buy the Silver plated body organs and deposit in the Hundi.  This is supposed to cure all diseases.  Have the darshan of Vinayakar in the praharam (circumambulatory path) around  Vaidhyanathaswamy’s deity before praying to Lord Vaidhyanathaswamy. Selvamuthukumar, Gajalakshmi, Natarajar, Durgai, Dhanvantri, Dakshinamurthy, Sattanathar, Jatayu Kundam and Angarakan (Utsava murthy) are all there as you do the pradarshanam (cicumambulation) of Lord Vaidhyanathaswamy.

Near the Eastern Gopuram (tower) there are deities of Jwarahareshwarar (on who cures the common fever), Palaniandavar and Angarakan (Moolavar).  The sthala vruksham is neem tree and is found in the outer praharam(circumambulatory path) near the Eastern Gopuram. This tree is supposed to have been in existence since Kritayuga.   It was Kadamba during the Kritayuga, Vilva during the Tretayuga, Vakula during the Dwaparayuga and in the Kaliyuga it is neem.  You can see the deity of Aadhi Vaitheeswaran under the sthala vruksham.

It is believed that Rama and Lakshmana cremated Jatayu here. There are niches of Rama, Lakshmana, and Vishwamitra. Vasishtha and Jatayu near the Jatayu Kunda.

Nethrapidi Sandhanam and Thiruchandu Urundai are two of the prasadams which are believed to cure all ailments. Thiruchandu Urundai or medicinal pellet was given by Vaidhyanathaswamy to Angarakan to cure his leprosy. It is prepared from the Homa Kundam.  Nethrapidi Santhanam is a paste made by mixing sandal powder and saffron with water.  This is applied on Muthukumaraswamy’s forehead before being given as medicine.

Poojas: The Chevvai dosham (malefic effect) caused by unfavourable position of Angarakan or Chevvai in the horoscope may manifest as aggressiveness, tendency to get into unnecessary arguments or jealousy in the native. It can also result in loss of money, physical injury or even imprisonment. Chevvai dosham is rectified by performing parihara poojas (appeasement poojas) to this deity. Devotees may perform Angaraka Pooja to get rid of financial crisis. Worshipping Chevvai here helps in neutralizing the negative effects.  Offerings of red cloth and Bengal gram or kadalai paruppu are made to Chevvai here.  Tuesdays are special days here as Chevvai is associated with that day of the week.

Recite the following mantras facing south, which is Angarakan’s direction.

Angaraka Moola Mantram: Aum kram krim kraum sah bhaumaya namah

Angaraka Gayathri: AUM Angarkaya vidmahe, bhoomibalaya dhimahi, thanno kujah prachodayath

Other interesting things here:

Vaitheeswaran Koil is the nerve centre for Naadi Josiyam, a popular form of astrology. The great sages (Sidhdhars) of India had the power to look into the past and future of the entire universe and had written these predictions on palm leaves. These can be deciphered by expert Naadi astrologers only.

Boarding & Lodging:

There are a few chatrams or choultries where you can stay. If you happen to land there in the morning after an overnight journey and want to leave immediately after darshan at the temple, choultries are the best and most economical option. They just charge you Rs.100/- or less for use of their facilities. Similar charges are applicable if you want to rest for a couple of hours in the afternoon.  If you would want a more comfortable accommodation, especially overnight stay, a few Hotels like Sadhabhishegam are available. Thayyalnayaki mess opposite to the Western Gopuram (tower) is a decent place to eat. Sadhabhishegam also serves good food.

Location:

Click Here for the Map

Buses going to Mayavaram from Chennai, Pondy, Chidambaram, and Cuddalore pass through Vaitheeswaran Koil.

250 Kms from Chennai

7.5 Kms from Sirkali on Sirkali – Mayavaram Road

24 Kms from Chidambaram

15 kms from Mayavaram or Mayiladuthurai

49 Kms from Kumbakonam

 

Other Temples Nearby:

Thirupungur– Here, the Nandi is shifted to a side to facilitate Nandanar have the darshan of The Lord.  See my post on this here.

Thiruninriyur – Lakshmipureeswarar Temple to gain prosperity.

Adhi Vaidhyanatha Swamy Temple at Mannipallam

Alternate Temples for Angarakan or Chevvai

Dhandayuthapani temple at Palani

Vaitheeswaran Koil at Poonamalee near Chennai

Temple Timings: 6AM to 1 PM & 4PM to 9PM.

Temple Address

Arulmigu Vaidhyanathar Temple

Vaitheeswaran Kovil

Vaitheeswaran Kovil Post

Sirkali Taluk

Nagapattinam District

PIN 609117

Temple Phone Number: 04364 279 423