Posts Tagged ‘tiruvaiyaru’

Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal Temple at Thirukoodalur is one of the 108 Divya Desams. The name Thirukoodalur or Koodalur is not well known now.  If you want to ask for directions, ask for Aduthurai Perumal Koil.  this Aduthurai is not to be confused with the Aduthurai near Thiruvidaimarudhur.  There are a group of Vaishnava temples around Kumbakonam which are considered navagraha Parihara sthalams.  This did come as a surprise to me because the Vaishnavites do not believe in navagraha worship.  This is the Kethu parihara sthalam. There is a prominent board in this temple that authenticates this.  The Moolavar (Main Deity) is known as Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal and the Utsavar (Deity taken out in procession during festivals) is Jagatrakshakan.  His consort here is Padmasanavalli.  The sacred tree (Sthala Vruksham) is the Jackfruit tree.  The Palamaran (Jack fruit tree) at this temple is very unique as you can see a huge formation on the tree that resembles a sangu (conch).   This tree is known as sangu pathintha palamaram.

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

Sangu pathintha Palamaram

The Lord at Aduthurai Perumal Koil is seen with his discus ready to leave His hand.  He is known as Prayoga Chakradari.  A king by name Ambarishan was a devout Vaishnavite.  In his devotion to Lord Vishnu he neglected his kingdom.  As a result he lost his kingdom to the neighbouring king.  Undeterred, the king continued his service to Vishnu.  Once when he was in a deep state of meditation, Durvasa Maharishi came to meet him.  The king who was immersed in his prayers to Lord Vishnu did not notice the sage.  Durvasa Maharishi felt insulted by this act of King Ambarishan and cursed him.  A shaken Ambarishan prayed to Lord Vishnu seeking his help.  Mahavishnu was angry with Durvasa Maharrishi for punishing His devotee for no fault of his.  Mahavishnu used the discus intending to cut off the Sage’s head.  Before any damage could be done, the Sage realised his folly and apologised to the Lord.  As a mark of gratitude, Ambarishan built a temple at the same spot where the current Aduthurai Perumal Koil is located.  The Lord is also known as Ambarisha Varadar after King Ambarishan.  Devotees who pray at Aduthurai Perumal Koil are believed to be protected by the discus of Vishnu.

Bathing in the holy rivers, according to Hindu scriptures, washes away one’s sins.  These holy rivers that accumulate the sins washed away by the people purify themselves by having a dip in the Cauvery.   Cauvery who accumulated all the sins approached Brahma for a solution to the problem.  Brahma directed Cauvery to pray to Lord Vishnu at this sacred place and accordingly Cauvery was purified.  Praying at Aduthurai Perumal Koil is believed to absolve the devotees of all their sins and enable to attain Moksham or Salvation.

Offerings of Kalkandu (Rock Sugar – wonder if that is the correct translation) and butter are made to the Lord.  The benefits of making these offerings are abundant wealth and marital bliss.

Nandhaga Munivar came to this holy place accompanied by all the Devas.  Koodal in tamil means together.  Since they all came together this place came to be known as Thirukoodalur.

About the temple in Tamil

About the temple in Tamil

It is believed that this is the place where Mahavishnu incarnated as the Boar (Varaha Avatharam) and prevents the Earth from sinking into the ocean. Hiranyaksha, a demon was granted a  boon by that he shall neither be killed by a man nor beast nor God. Emboldened by this boon, Hiranyaksha embarks on a destruction spree and pushes the Earth into the sea. He does not spare even Brahma, his benefactor.  While Brahma is fast asleep he steals the Vedas from Him. The Devas plead to Mahavishnu to put an end to the cruelty.  Mahavishnu takes the Varaha Avtaram and lifts the Earth from the ocean with the help of his tusks. He then kills Hiranyaksha and salvages the Veda from him.  Since He saved the world from extinction, He is known as Vaiyam Kattha Perumal or Jagatrakshakan.

The original temple built by Ambarishan was washed away by floods.  Mahavishnu appeared in the dream of Rani Mangammal of Madurai and asked her to build a new temple for Him.  The present temple is the one built by her.  In one of the Pillars of the temple you can see the image of Rani Mangammal.

Rani Mangammal

Image of Rani Mangammal on a pillar

Temple Location:

Click here for the map

Aduthurai  Perumal Koil is located on Kallanai-Kumbakonam Road at a distance about 10 Kms from Thingalur and 12 Kms from Thiruvaiyaru.  Tanjore is at a distance of 25 Kms from here.

Boarding & Lodging

Have your travel base at either Tanjore which is at 25 Kms from here or Kumbakonam which is at 23 Kms from Aduthurai Perumal Koil.

Other Temples Nearby:

Kailasanathar Temple, Thingalur

Gajendra Varadha Perumal Koil, Kapisthalam

Ganapathy Agraham – Mahaganapathy Alayam

Kailasanathar kovil, Ayyampettai

Pashupathinathar Temple – Pashupathi Koil

Chakravageswarar Temple – Thiru Chakkarappalli

Hara Saba Vimochanar, Thirukandiyur

Brahmasira Kandeeswarar,  Thirukandiyur

Thyagarajaswamy Temple, Tiruvaiyaru

Pancha Nadheeswarar temple, Tiruvaiyaru

Temple Timings: 7.30 AM to 12.30 PM & 4 PM to 7.30 PM

Temple Address:

Arulmigu Vaiyam Kaththa Perumal Thirukoil

Thirukoodalur 614 202.

Tanjore District

Phone: +91-93452-67501, +91-93443-03803,

 

Thingalur is the sthalam for Chandran.  Thingal in Tamil means Chandran and hence the name Thingalur. The presiding deity is Kailasanathar and his consort is Periyanayakiamman.

When Lord Vishnu was distributing the Amrutham amongst the devas, at the behest of Sukracharya, one of the asuras in the guise of a deva consumed the nectar. Suryan and Chandran noticed this and complained to Lord Vishnu.  An angry Vishnu used his chakrayudham (discus) to cut the asura into two and threw them away. The head joined with a snake’s body to become Rahu Bhagavan. The body portion kept growing because the asura had consumed Amrutham.  This later joined with the head of a snake and became Kethu Bhagavan.  Now, Rahu and Kethu did not forgive Suryan and Chandran.  Rahu went after Chandran and started consuming him.  It is here that Chandran prayed to Lord Siva and got his blessings. Shiva blessed Chandran with the power to grow back to full size in 15 days after being consumed by Rahu.  That is why we have the waxing and waning moon.  Shiva also blessed Chandran by adorning Chandran on his forehead so that anyone who prays Shiva will have to pray Chandran.

There is also another interesting story pertaining to the waxing and waning periods of Chandran, which goes thus.  King Dakshan gave all his 27 daughters in marriage to Chandran. Those 27 wives of  Chandran are the 27 stars in Tamil Calendar. As Chandran’s favourite was Rohini and he spent most of his time with her, the others complained about this to their father. King Dakshan asked Chandran to treat all of them equally, which Chandran refused.  An angry Dakshan, cursed Chandran that all his beauty and brightness will disappear slowly everyday. A worried Chandran, on the advice of Lord Brahma, then performed penance on Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva appeared before him and adorned his forehead with the crescent-shaped Chandran. Shiva then came to be known as Chandrasekaran also.  He blessed Chandran to regain his beauty and brightness slowly day by day.  This waxing period of the moon is called Sukla Paksham or Valarpirai.  Chandran gets back all his beauty and attains full brightness on Full moon day or pournami.  From Pournami to the full moon day he again starts loosing his beauty and brightness till the New moon day or Ammavasai.  This waning period of the moon is called Krishna Paksham or Theipirai.

There is another legend of Apputhi Adigal, an ardent follower of Thirunavukkarasar.  Apputhi Adigal was born in Thingalur. He indulged in lot of charity and social work in his village, all in the name of Thirunavukkarasar, whom he had not even seen. Thirunavukkarasar heard about Apputhi Adigal and visited the village.  Thirunavukkarasar accepted the invitation of Apputhi Adigal to have lunch at his place. Apputhi Adigal’s son died when he had gone to fetch a plantain leaf. Apputhi Adigal, going by the saying “Athithi devo bhava” put his personal sorrow behind and served food to his mentor.  Thirunavukkarasar came to know about the young boy’s death and carried the corpse to Kailasanathar temple in Thingalur.  Here he implored to Lord Shiva and brought him back to life.

 

Thingalur Temple Entrance

Thingalur Temple Entrance

 

Pooja:

Chandra Dosham causes concern in mother’s health, mental imbalance, skin and nervous disorder & jaundice.  Chandran blesses his devotees who pray here with wealth, mother’s well being, wife’s happiness, prosperity, marriage and offspring.  Mondays are special days for Chandran.  Offering of raw rice pudding mixed with jaggery, white flowers (White Arali) and white clothing are made to Chandran here.

Recite the following mantras facing North West

Chandra Moola Mantram: Aum sram srim sraum sah chandraya namah.

Chandra Gayatri: om nisakaraya vidmahae kala nadhaya dheemahi tanno chandra: prachodayaath

Other Chandran Sthalam:

Somanaadheeswarar Koil at Somangalam near Chennai

Mullaivananathar temple at Thirumullaivayil near Chennai

Location:

Click here for Map

Thingalur is off Thiruvaiyaru Kumbakonam road, about 6 kms from Thiruvaiyaru.  Frequent Buses are available from Tanjore, Thiruvaiyaru and Kumbakonam.   It is about 25 Kms from Tanjore.

Other Temples Nearby:

During my last visit, the priest at Vasishteswarar temple in Thenkudi Thittai informed me that Thingalur should be visited immediately after praying at Thenkudi Thittai.  This is supposed to bring Chandra Guru yogam in ones horoscope.  Thittai is at a distance of about 15kms from here.

Thiruvaiyaru

Ganapathy Agraharam having a Vinayakar temple which was installed by Agasthya is about 5kms from here.

Gajendra Varadhar temple at Kapisthalam is also close by.

Temple Timings: 7 AM – 1 PM & 4 PM – 9 PM.

Temple Phone Numbers: 04362-262 499